TCM Herbalism:Classifications of Herbs.

TCM Pharmaceutics:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.

 ✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.

 ✵The TCM pharmaceutics is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

TCM Herbalism:Classifications of Herbs.

 Classifications of Herbs Introduction:Classifications of Herbs:introduction of common classifications of TCM, exterior-releasing herb, exterior-effusing herbs, wind-cold dispersing herbs, wind-heat dispersing herbs, Antitussives, Expectorants,Antiasthmatics,Herbs Clearing Heat and Purging Fire,Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs,Fragrant Odor for Resolving Dampness Herbs,Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs,Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi,Herbs Hemostatics,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis,Herb Tonics,etc.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 Classifications of Herbs Icon 02 Introduction: The basics of Classifications of Herbs are introduced as, the common concepts are known including: Exterior-releasing herb, Diaphoretic exterior-releasing herbs, Exterior-effusing herbs, Wind-cold dispersing herbs, Wind-heat dispersing herbs, Pungent-warm exterior-releasing herbs, Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs, Heat-clearing herbs, Heat-clearing and fire-purging herbs, heat-clearing and blood-cooling herbs, heat-clearing and dampness-drying herbs, heat-clearing and toxicity-relieving herbs, deficiency-heat-clearing herbs, purgative herbs, offensive purgative herbs, warm purgative herbs, laxative herbs, drastic hydragogue, wind-damp-dispelling herb, wind-damp-dispelling and cold-dispersing herb, wind-damp-dispelling and heat-clearing herb, wind-damp-dispelling and tendon-bone-strengthening herb, damp-resolving herb, fragrant damp-resolving herb, damp-draining diuretic herb, edema-alleviating diuretic herb, stranguria-relieving diuretic herb, stranguria-relieving herb, damp-draining anti-icteric herb, bile-draining anti-icteric herb, diuretic hydragogue herb, interior-warming herb, cold-expelling herb, Qi-regulating herb, Qi-moving herb, digestant herb, digestant and ecacuant herb, anthelmintic or worm-expelling herb, blood-regulating herb, hemostatic herb, blood-cooling hemostatic herb, stasis-resolving hemostatic herb, astringent hemostatic herb, meridian-warming hemostatic herb, blood-activating and stasis-resolving herb, blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herb, blood-activating herb, stasis-resolving herb, blood-activating analgesic herb, blood-activating and Qi-moving herb, blood-activating and menstruation-regulating herb, blood-activating and trauma-curing herb, blood-breaking and mass-eliminating herb, phlegm-resolving, cough-stopping(antitussive) and asthma-relieving(antiasthmatic) herb, phlegm-resolving herb, warming phlegm-resolving herb, cooling phlegm-resolving herb, antitusive and antasthmatic herb, tranquilizer or tranquilizing herb, settling tranquilizer or settling tranquilizing herb, heart-nourishing tranquilizer or heart-nourishing tranquilizing herb, liver-pacifying and wind-extinguishing herb, liver-pacifying and yang-suppressing herb, wind-extinguishing and spasm-controlling herb, aromatic stimulant or aromatic orifice-opening herb, stimulant or orifice-opening herb, tonic or tonifying and replenishing herb, Qi tonic or Qi-tonifying herb, Yang tonic or Yang-tonifying herb, kidney-Yang tonic, blood tonic or blood-tonifying herb, blood-nourishing herb, liver-emolliating herb, Yin tonic or Yin-tonifying herb, Yin-nourishing herb, Yin-replenishing herb, discharge-arresting herb, astringent herb, superficies-strengthening anhidrotic, sweating-arresting and superficies-strengthening herb, lung-intestine astringent herb, emetic herb, anthelmintic or worm-expelling herb.

 ✵Exterior-releasing herb:  an agent or substance herb that has the effect of dispelling exogenous pathogenic factors from the superficial, exterior aspect of the body, usually through sweating.

 ✵Diaphoretic exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herb that releases an exterior syndrome through sweating.

 ✵Exterior-effusing herbs: synonym for exterior-releasing herb.

 ✵Wind-cold dispersing herbs:  an agent or substance that has the effect of dispersing wind and cold in the treatment of an exterior syndrome.

 ✵Wind-heat dispersing herbs:  an agent or substance herb that has the effect of dispersing wind and heat in the treatment of an exterior syndrome.

 ✵Pungent-warm exterior-releasing herbs:  an agent or substance herb pungent in flavor and warm in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-cold exterior syndrome.

 ✵Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs:  an agent or substance herb pungent in flavor and cool in property, such as Herba Menthae or Flos Chrysanthemi, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.

 ✵Heat-clearing herbs: an agent or substance herb cold or cool in property, which has the effect of clearing up internal heat in cases of externally contracted febrile diseases with high fever and dire thirst, damp-heat dysentery, eruptive epidemic warm diseases, boils, sores and abscess, or fever in cases of Yin deficiency.

 ✵Heat-clearing and fire-purging herbs: an agent or substance herb that has the effect of clearing heat from the Qi system, with high fever, dire thirst, dry yellow tongue coating and rapid surging pulse, or purging fire from the internal viscera, such as heart fire, liver fire, etc.

 ✵Heat-clearing and blood-cooling herbs: an agent or substance herb that has the effect of eliminating pathological heat from the nutrient and blood systems in cases of warm diseases marked by fever accompanied by delirium, eruptions and bleeding symptoms, and also in other diseases with bleeding due to heat in the blood.

 ✵Heat-clearing and dampness-drying herbs: an agent or substance herb bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.

 ✵Heat-clearing and toxicity-relieving herbs: an agent or substance herb that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mump, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

 ✵Deficiency-heat-clearing herbs: an agent or substance herb that clears heat from deficiency conditions, often indicated in the treatment of heat due to Yin deficiency marked by afternoon fever with heat sensation in the palms and soles, night sweats, reddened tongue and scanty coating, but also used in the late stage of a warm disease with residual heat.

 ✵Purgative herbs:  an agent or substance herb that promotes defecation or even causes diarrhea, not only for relieving constipation but also for driving stagnant matter, excessive heat and retained fluid out of the body.

 ✵Offensive purgative herbs:  an agent or substance herb, usually bitter in taste and cold in property, that has a potent purgative effect for moving the bowels and driving away excessive heat and stagnant matter.

 ✵Warm purgative herbs: an agent or substance herb warm in property, which relieves constipation caused by excessive cold stagnation.

 ✵Laxative herbs:  an agent or substance herb that lubricates the intestinal tract to facilitate defecation for relieving constipation in the aged with fluid deficiency, in cases of febrile diseases with fluid impairment and in postpartum blood deficiency.

 ✵Drastic hydragogue:  a cathartic that causes copious water discharge for reducing accumulated fluid in anasarca, ascites, and pleural effusion.

 ✵Wind-damp-dispelling herb:  also known as antirheumatic herbs, an agent or substance herb that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.

 ✵Wind-damp-dispelling and cold-dispersing herb:  an agent or substance herb that dispels wind-damp, disperses cold, soothes the tendons and unblocks the collateral meridians, indicated in wind-damp(rheumatic or rheumatoid) arthralgia of cold type.

 ✵Wind-damp-dispelling and heat-clearing herb: an agent or substance herb that dispels wind-damp, unblocks the collateral meridians, clears heat, reduces swelling and alleviates pain, suitable for treating wind-damp(rheumatic or rheumatoid) arthralgia of heat type with redness, swelling, hotness and pain in the joints.

 ✵Wind-damp-dispelling and tendon-bone-strengthening herb:  an agent or substance herb that dispels wind-damp, tonifies the liver and kidney and strengthens the tendons and bones, mainly used in the treatment of chronic arthralgia with aching back and weak legs.

 ✵Damp-resolving herb:  an agent or substance herb with fragrant odor, warming, and drying, that resolves dampness and invigorates the spleen, also known as a fragrant damp-resolving herb.

 ✵Fragrant damp-resolving herb: a fragrant agent or substance effective for resolving damp, often used in the treatment of damp syndrome marked by anorexia, lassitude, nausea and vomiting, distension in the chest and abdomen, greasy tongue coating and slippery pulse either in cases of febrile diseases or in other miscellaneous diseases.

 ✵Damp-draining diuretic herb: an agent or substance herb that increases urine excretion and water discharge for treating internal retention of dampness.

 ✵Edema-alleviating diuretic herb: an agent or substance that increases urine excretion for treating edema with oliguria, diarrhea, and retained fluid.

 ✵Stranguria-relieving diuretic herb:  an agent or substance that increases urine excretion and relieves stranguria, mainly indicated in the treatment of damp-heat in the lower energizer with a painful discharge of urine.

 ✵Stranguria-relieving herb:  an agent or substance herb that relieves various kinds of stranguria, including damp-heat stranguria and urolithiasis.

 ✵Damp-draining anti-icteric herb:  an agent or substance herb that drains damp and relieves icterus indicated in the treatment of damp-heat jaundice.

 ✵Bile-draining anti-icteric herb: an agent or substance herb that promotes increased flow of bile to relieve jaundice.

 ✵Diuretic hydragogue herb:  an agent or substance herb that causes a copious discharge of water through catharsis and at the same time increases urine excretion.

 ✵Interior-warming herb: an agent or substance herb that warms the interior and expels internal cold, also called cold-expelling herbs.

 ✵Cold-expelling herb: a synonym for interior-warming herbs.

 ✵Qi-regulating herb: an agent or substance herb that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herb.

 ✵Qi-moving herb: an agent or substance herb that restores the normal movement of Qi, a synonym for Qi-regulating herb.

 ✵Digestant herb: an agent or substance herb that aids digestion to eliminate accumulated undigested food, also known as a digestant and evacuant herb.

 ✵Digestant and evacuant herb:  the full name of digestant herb.

 ✵Anthelmintic or worm-expelling herb: an agent or substance herb that expels or kills parasitic worms.

 ✵Blood-regulating herb:  an agent or substance that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.

 ✵Hemostatic herb: an agent or substance herb that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

 ✵Blood-cooling hemostatic herb:  an agent or substance herb that arrests bleeding by clearing the blood of heat, indicated in the treatment of blood-heat hemorrhage.

 ✵Stasis-resolving hemostatic herb: an agent or substance herb that arrests bleeding and at the same time removes stagnant blood which may cause further bleeding.

 ✵Astringent hemostatic herb:  an agent or substance herb that arrests bleeding by its astringent action, indicated in various types of hemorrhage, but not in those associated with excessive pathogens or blood stasis.

 ✵Meridian-warming hemostatic herb: an agent or substance herb, warm or hot in property, that arrests bleeding by warming the internal viscera, replenishing spleen Yang and strengthening the thoroughfare vessel, effective for treating hemorrhages due to failure of the spleen to control blood or insecurity of the thoroughfare vessel.

 ✵Blood-activating and stasis-resolving herb:  an agent or substance herb that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also called blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herb, or blood-activating herb and stasis-resolving herb.

 ✵Blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herb: a synonym for blood-activating and stasis-resolving herb.

 ✵Blood-activating herb: an agent or substance herb used in the treatment of retarded or static blood flow.

 ✵Stasis-resolving herb: an agent or substance herb used in the treatment of blood stasis.

 ✵Blood-activating analgesic herb:  an agent or substance herb that activates blood, moves Qi and alleviates pain, indicated in the treatment of painful conditions caused by stagnation of Qi and blood.

 ✵Blood-activating and Qi-moving herb:  an agent or substance herb that activates blood and promotes the flow of Qi, used primarily in stagnation of Qi and blood.

 ✵Blood-activating and menstruation-regulating herb:  an agent or substance herb that activates blood and regulates menstruation for treating menstrual disorders, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea and postpartum blood stagnation.

 ✵Blood-activating and trauma-curing herb:  an agent or substance herb that activates blood, reduces swelling, arrests bleeding and promotes the healing of wounds and fractures.

 ✵Blood-breaking and mass-eliminating herb:  an agent or substance herb that, acting drastically, breaks up the stagnant blood and eliminates masses.

 ✵Phlegm-resolving,Cough-stopping(antitussive) and asthma-relieving(antiasthmatic) herb: an agent or substance that resolves phlegm, stops coughing and relieves asthma or dyspnea.

 ✵Phlegm-resolving herb:  an agent or substance herb that resolves phlegm, either warm in property and drying in action for cold-phlegm, or cold or cool in property for heat-phlegm.

 ✵Warming phlegm-resolving herb: an agent or substance herb warm in property, such as rhizoma Pinelliae, used in treating disorders of cold-phlegm or phlegm-dampness.

 ✵Cooling phlegm-resolving herb:  an agent or substance herb cold in property, such as Bulbus Fritillariae thunbergii, used in treating disorders of phlegm-heat.

 ✵Antitusive and antasthmatic herb:  an agent or substance herb that relieves cough and asthma(or dyspnea), usually by ventilating, clearing or moistening the lung, or directing lung Qi downward, astringing lung Qi or resolving phlegm.

 ✵Tranquilizer or tranquilizing herb: an agent or substance herb that calms the mind and relieves mental tension.

 ✵Settling tranquilizer or settling tranquilizing herb:  an agent or substance, mostly a mineral, fossil bone or shell, that induces tranquilization associated with its settling action.

 ✵Heart-nourishing tranquilizer or heart-nourishing tranquilizing herb:  an agent or substance that nourishes the heart to calm the mind.

 ✵Liver-pacifying and wind-extinguishing herb:  an agent or substance herb that pacifies the liver, suppresses exuberant Yang, extinguishes endogenous wind and controls spasms or tremors.

 ✵Liver-pacifying and yang-suppressing herb:  an agent or substance herb that pacifies the liver and suppresses exuberant Yang for the treatment of headache, dizziness, tinnitus and blurred vision.

 ✵Wind-extinguishing and spasm-controlling herb: an agent or substance herb that extinguishes endogenous wind and stops spasms or tremors.

 ✵Aromatic stimulant or aromatic orifice-opening herb:  an agent or substance herb, fragrant in flavor, with a resuscitating effect, used for emergency treatment of impairment or loss of consciousness, also known as stimulant or orifice-opening herb.

 ✵Stimulant or orifice-opening herb: a synonym for aromatic stimulants, or aromatic orifice-opening herb.

 ✵Tonic or tonifying and replenishing herb:  an agent or substance herb that strengthens or supplements what is insufficient or weakened in the body, also known as tonifying and nourishing herb.

 ✵Qi tonic or Qi-tonifying herb: an agent or substance herb that tonifies Qi, used in treating Qi deficiency.

 ✵Yang tonic or Yang-tonifying herb:  an agent or substance herb that tonifies Yang-Qi, used in treating Yang deficiency.

 ✵Kidney-Yang tonic:  an agent or substance herb that tonifies the kidney Yang, used in treating kidney Yang deficiency.

 ✵Blood tonic or blood-tonifying herb:  an agent or substance that tonifies the blood in treating blood deficiency of the heart and liver, marked by pallor, dizziness, tinnitus, palpitations, insomnia, oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, also known as a blood-nourishing herb.

 ✵Blood-nourishing herb: a synonym for blood tonic.

 ✵Liver-emolliating herb:  an agent or substance herb that replenishes the liver blood or Yin in treating deficiency of liver blood or Yin with dizziness, tinnitus, insomnia, and blurred vision.

 ✵Yin tonic or Yin-tonifying herb:  an agent or substance herb that tonifies the Yin of the heart, lung, stomach, liver, or kidney.

 ✵Yin-nourishing herb: a synonym for Yin tonic.

 ✵Yin-replenishing herb: a synonym for Yin tonic.

 ✵Discharge-arresting herb:  an agent or substance herb that arrests discharges such as sweat, diarrhea, urine, blood, leukorrhea, and semen.

 ✵Astringent herb: a synonym for discharge-arresting herb.

 ✵Superficies-strengthening anhidrotic: an agent herb that arrests excessive sweating by strengthening the superficies.

 ✵Sweating-arresting and superficies-strengthening herb:  an agent herb that strengthens the superficies by arresting excessive sweating.

 ✵Lung-intestine astringent herb: an agent herb that relieves cough and asthma, and arrests chronic diarrhea.

 ✵Emetic herb: an agent herb that induces vomiting.

 ✵Anthelmintic or worm-expelling herb: an agent or substance herb that expels or even kills intestinal parasitic worms.

 

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