Gemma Agrimoniae(Agrimonia Bud).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Anthelmintics Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon18 Introduction: Anthelmintics Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that expels or kills parasitic worms.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 18 Introduction: The Anthelmintics Herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [9] kinds of common TCM herbs, [9] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Anthelmintics Herbs are briefly introduced separately:

Gemma Agrimoniae(Agrimonia Bud).

 Gemma Agrimoniae Brief Introduction: The Herb Gemma Agrimoniae is the dried bud, with a short piece of rhizome attached, of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.(family Rosaceae), used as an anthelmintic for the treatment of taeniasis. The herb is commonly known as Gemma Agrimoniae, Agrimonia Bud, Hè Cǎo Yá.

 ✵ Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Gemma Agrimoniae(Agrimonia Bud) as the underground winter sprout(winter bud) of the species Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. It is a plant species of the Agrimonia eupatoria L genus, the Rosaceae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.: It is commonly known as Lóng Yá Cǎo (Literally it means Dragon Sprout Grass). Herbs perennial. Roots often tuberous, surrounded by many lateral roots, rhizome short, base often 1 to several underground buds. Stem 30~120 cm tall, sparsely pilose and pubescent, sparsely hirsute below.

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Leaves odd-odd pinnate compound, usually with 3-4 pairs of lobules, sparse 2 pairs, reduced to 3 lobules, petiole sparsely pilose or pubescent; Small leaves sessile or short shank, obovate, elliptic or lanceolate, pour eggs 1.5~5 cm long, 1~2.5 cm wide, apex acute to obtuse, dilute acuminate, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin with acute to obtuse serrate, puberulous above, loose fall off a few glabrous, usually under the pulse on rusty villous, loose fall off a few glabrous, glandular dots significantly; Stipules herbaceous, green, falcate, sparsely ovate, apex acute or acuminate, margin sharply serrate or lobes, sparsely entire, lower stipules sometimes ovate-lanceolate, often entire.

 Inflorescences spike racemose terminal, branched or unbranched, raceme axis pilose, pedicels 1~5 mm long, pilose; Bracts usually deep 3-lobed, lobes zonal, bracteoles opposite, ovate, entire or marginal dividing; Flowers 6~9 mm in diameter; 5 sepals, triangular-ovate; Petals yellow, oblong; 5~8~15 stamens; 2 styles, filiform, stigma capitate.

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Fruit obovate-conical, with 10 ribs outside, sparsely pilose, with several layers of hooks at the top, erect when young, conjoined when mature, 7~8 mm long, 3~4 mm in diameter at widest. Its flower period is from May to December.

 Ecological environment: The plant is often found in streams, roadsides, grasslands, thickets, forest margins, and undergrowth, at an altitude of 100~3,800 meters above sea level. It distributes in the north and south areas of China, also distributes in Central Europe, Southeast Asia.

 The tender stem and leaf can be eaten, not only rich in nutrition but also has a strong anti-cancer effect, it is a good edible wild vegetable. The whole herb, root and winter bud could be used as medicine.


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