Introduction of Pinɡ Bei Mu:Ussuri Fritillary Bulb or Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Antitussives Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon02 Introduction: Antitussives herbs: an agent or substance herbs that stops coughing.

 
Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Ussuri Fritillary Bulb).

Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim:flowering plant Pin Yin Name: Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ.
 English Name: Ussuri Fritillary Bulb.
 Latin Name: Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.
 Property and flavor: slight cold, bitter, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis is the dried bulb of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim.(family Liliaceae), used to clear the lung of heat, arrest cough and resolve phlegm for the treatment of cough with expectoration of sticky and blood-streaked sputum.

 Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim::flowering plant 02 Botanical source: The herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Ussuri Fritillary Bulb) is the dried bulb of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim., it is a plant of Fritillaria L. genus, the Liliaceae family of the Liliales order. It is also known as Bulbus Fritillariae Ussuriensis or Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ.

 Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim:flowering plant 03 Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Ussuri Fritillary Bulb) as the dried bulb of:(1). Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim.


 Botanical description: Herbs, 40~60 cm tall. Bulbs 1~1.4 cm thick, consisting of 2 thick scaly valves, with a few small bulbs around. Stem base above with leaves, impeller or opposite, middle above with a few scattered; Leaves striate, 9~15 cm long, 2~6 cm wide, apex uncurly or slightly curly. 1~3 flowers, terminal, pendulous, purple with yellow squares; Flowers apically with 4~6 leaflike bracts, striate bracts' apex extremely curly; Perianth bell-shaped; 6 tepals, oblong-obovate, obtuse, nectary above base; 6 stamens, about 3/5 as long as tepals; Style papillary; Stigma 3 deeply lobed. Capsule broadly obovate, with rounded ribs. Its flowering period is from May to June.

 Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim:drawing of plant and herb Ecological environment: The plant grows on fertile soils in forests. Resource distribution: The plant mainly distributes in the north area of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant prefers cold cool and wet climate, resistant to cold, afraid of drought, hot, can withstand the low temperature of -37 degrees C, when the above-ground temperature is 28 degrees C, the plants on the ground wither. From seedling to wilt, the growing period is about 60 days. The sandy loam with deep, loose, moist soil and rich humus are the best for cultivation.

 Characters of herbs: the herb is oblate, 0.5~1 cm high, 0.6~2 cm in diameter. Surface milky white or yellowish-white, 2 outer scaly leaves, hypertrophy, size similar or a slightly larger embraced, the top slightly flat or slightly concave, often slightly dehiscent; The central scale is small. The quality is firm and crisp. Slight smell, bitter taste.

 Pharmacological actions: ①. Anti-ulcer effect; ②. Other effects: central inhibitory effect, eliminating phlegm, lowering blood pressure.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and moisten the lung, reduce phlegm, and relieve cough. Indicated for lung heat dry cough, dry cough with little phlegm, Yin deficiency and over-strained cough, cough up sputum with blood, scrofula, acute mastitis, etc.

 Administration of Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ)
TCM Books: Internally:3~9 grams(CP), or 3~9 grams(CHMM), water decoction, or grinded powder and take with water, 1~2 grams; grinded to fine powder and prepared to pill, powder.
 Precautions: should not be combined with herbs of Aconiti species.

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Pinɡ Bei Mu:Ussuri Fritillary Bulb or Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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