Introduction of Pinɡ Bei Mu:Ussuri Fritillary Bulb or Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Ussuri Fritillary Bulb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Ussuri Fritillary Bulb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Ussuri Fritillary Bulb).

several flowering plants of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim,with pendulous purple flowers Pin Yin Name: Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ.
 English Name: Ussuri Fritillary Bulb.
 Latin Name: Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.
 Property and flavor: slight cold, bitter, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis is the dried bulb of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim., used to clear the lung of heat, stop cough and resolve phlegm for the treatment of cough with expectoration of sticky and blood-streaked sputum.

 a flowering shrub of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim Botanical source: The herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis (Ussuri Fritillary Bulb) is the dried bulb of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim., it is a plant of Fritillaria L. genus, the liliaceae family (lily family) of the liliales order. It is also known as Bulbus Fritillariae Ussuriensis or Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ.

 Herbal classic book defined the herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis (Ussuri Fritillary Bulb) as the dried bulb of:(1). Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim.

 a flowering plant of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim,with two purple pendulous flowers Botanical description: Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim is also known as Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ. Herbs, the plant grows up to 40~60 cm tall. Squamous bulbs are 1~1.4 cm thick, consisting of two incrassated cuiller (cuilleron), with a few bulblets around. There are leaves that grow on part above the base, whorled or opposite, and a few are scattered and grow above the middle part; leaves are strip-shaped, 9~15 cm long, 2~6 cm wide, and the apex is unconvoluted or slightly curly.

 1~3 flowers, terminal, pendulous, purple with yellow squares; apical flowers have 4~6 leaflike bracts, strip-shaped bracts' apex is extremely curly; the perianth is campanulate (bell-shaped); 6 tepals, oblong-obovate, obtuse, nectary is over the base; 6 stamens, its length is about 3/5 of the tepal; style is papillary; stigma is 3 deeply parted.

 Capsularfruit is broadly obovate, with rounded ribs. Its flowering period is from May to June.

 a drawing of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim,drawing of whole plant,leaves and stems,flowers and bulbs,roots Ecological environment: The plant grows in fertile soils in forests. Resource distribution: The plant is mainly distributed in the northern area of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant prefers cold, cool and wet climates, is resistant to cold, afraid of drought, and hot, and can withstand a low temperature of -37 °C (Celsius, or -34.6 degrees Fahrenheit), when the above-ground temperature is 28 °C (Celsius, or 82.4 degrees Fahrenheit), the plants on the ground wither. From the seedling to wilt, the growing period is about 60 days. It is appropriate to choose a field with deep soil layers, loose, moist and humus-rich sandy loam for cultivation.

 Characters of herbs: The herb is oblate, 0.5~1 cm high, and 0.6~2 cm in diameter. The surface is cream white (milky white) or light yellowish white, and the outer layer has 2 scale leaves, incrassated and hypertrophic, similar in size, or one scale is slightly larger, slightly flat, or slightly concave at the top, often slightly cracked; the central scales are small. The texture of the herb is solid, firm, and brittle (crisp), the fracture surface is floured (powdery). The herb has a slight smell and a bitter taste.

 Pharmacological actions: ①. Anti-ulcer effect; ②. Other effects: central inhibitory effect, eliminating phlegm, lowering blood pressure.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and moisten the lung, reduce phlegm, and relieve cough. Indicated for lung heat dry cough, dry cough with little phlegm, Yin deficiency and over-strained cough, cough up sputum with blood, scrofula, acute mastitis, etc.

 Administration of Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis (Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis (Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:3~9 grams; ②.3~9 grams, water decoction, or prepare to ground herb powder and take with water, 1~2 grams; prepare to finely ground herb powder and prepared to pill, powder.
 Precautions: should not be combined with herbs of Aconiti species.




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  • 1.Introduction of Pinɡ Bei Mu:Ussuri Fritillary Bulb or Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.

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