Introduction of Pinɡ Bei Mu:Ussuri Fritillary Bulb or Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.
✵The article gives records of the herb Ussuri Fritillary Bulb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Ussuri Fritillary Bulb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Pin Yin Name: Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ.
English Name: Ussuri Fritillary Bulb.
Latin Name: Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.
Property and flavor: slight cold, bitter, sweet.
Brief introduction: The herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis is the dried bulb of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim.(family Liliaceae), used to clear the lung of heat, arrest cough and resolve phlegm for the treatment of cough with expectoration of sticky and blood-streaked sputum.
Botanical source: The herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Ussuri Fritillary Bulb) is the dried bulb of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim., it is a plant of Fritillaria L. genus, the Liliaceae family of the Liliales order. It is also known as Bulbus Fritillariae Ussuriensis or Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ.
Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Ussuri Fritillary Bulb) as the dried bulb of:(1). Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim.
Botanical description: Herbs, 40~60 cm tall. Bulbs 1~1.4 cm thick, consisting of 2 thick scaly valves, with a few small bulbs around. Stem base above with leaves, impeller or opposite, middle above with a few scattered; Leaves striate, 9~15 cm long, 2~6 cm wide, apex uncurly or slightly curly. 1~3 flowers, terminal, pendulous, purple with yellow squares; Flowers apically with 4~6 leaflike bracts, striate bracts' apex extremely curly; Perianth bell-shaped; 6 tepals, oblong-obovate, obtuse, nectary above base; 6 stamens, about 3/5 as long as tepals; Style papillary; Stigma 3 deeply lobed. Capsule broadly obovate, with rounded ribs. Its flowering period is from May to June.
Ecological environment: The plant grows on fertile soils in forests. Resource distribution: The plant mainly distributes in the north area of China.
Growth characteristics: The plant prefers cold cool and wet climate, resistant to cold, afraid of drought, hot, can withstand the low temperature of -37 degrees C, when the above-ground temperature is 28 degrees C, the plants on the ground wither. From seedling to wilt, the growing period is about 60 days. The sandy loam with deep, loose, moist soil and rich humus are the best for cultivation.
Characters of herbs: The herb is oblate, 0.5~1 cm high and 0.6~2 cm diameter. The surface is milky white or light yellowish white, the outer layer has 2 scale leaves, full and flesh, similar size or one is slightly larger, slightly flat or slightly concave at the top, often slightly cracked; The central scales are small. The texture of the herb is solid firm and brittle, the fracture surface is powdery. The herb has slight smell, it has a bitter taste.
Pharmacological actions: ①. Anti-ulcer effect; ②. Other effects: central inhibitory effect, eliminating phlegm, lowering blood pressure.
Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and moisten the lung, reduce phlegm, and relieve cough. Indicated for lung heat dry cough, dry cough with little phlegm, Yin deficiency and over-strained cough, cough up sputum with blood, scrofula, acute mastitis, etc.
Administration of Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ):
Administration Guide of Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis(Pínɡ Bèi Mǔ)
①.Internally:3~9 grams; ②.3~9 grams, water decoction, or grinded powder and take with water, 1~2 grams; grinded to fine powder and prepared to pill, powder.
Precautions: should not be combined with herbs of Aconiti species.
Introduction: Antitussives herbs: an agent or substance herbs that stops coughing.
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1.Introduction of Pinɡ Bei Mu:Ussuri Fritillary Bulb or Bulbus Fritillarie Ussuriensis.