Introduction of Bai He:Lily Bulb or Bulbus Lilii Brownii.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Antitussives Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon02 Introduction: Antitussives herbs: an agent or substance herbs that stops coughing.

 
Bulbus Lilii(Lily Bulb).

Lilum brownii  Pin Yin Name: Bǎi Hé.
 English Name: Lily Bulb.
 Latin Name: Bulbus Lilii Brownii.
 Property and flavor: plain, sweet, slight bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Bulbus Lilii is the dried scale leaf of the bulb of Lilium lancifolium Thunb., Lilum brownii F.E.Brown var.viridulum Baker or Lilium pumilum DC.(family Liliaceae), used (1).to nourish the lung Yin and arrest cough in cases of consumptive diseases, and (2).to clear the heart and induce tranquilization for insomnia and fidgetiness in the late stage of febrile diseases with residual heat. The herb is commonly known as Bulbus Lilii, Lily Bulb, Bǎi Hé.

 Botanical source: The herb Bulbus Lilii(Lily Bulb) is the dried scale leaf of Lilium lancifolium Thunb., Lilum brownii F.E.Brown var.viridulum Baker or Lilium pumilum DC., they are plants of the Lilium L. genus, the Liliaceae(lily family) family of the Liliales order.

 Lilium lancifolium Thunb. (1).Lilium lancifolium Thunb.:
 Botanical description: The Lilium lancifolium Thunb., is a plant of the Liliaceae(lily family) family and Lilium L genus, it is commonly known as "Lilium lancifolium", "Lilium tigrinum", "devil lily", "easter lily", "tiger lily", or "Juǎn Dān", bulbs broadly spherical, ca. 3.5 cm tall, 4~8 cm in diameter; scales broadly ovate, 2.5~3 cm long, 1.4~2.5 cm wide, white. Stems 0.8~1.5 m high, with purple stripes and white wool. Leaves scattered, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, 6.5~9 cm long, 1~1.8 cm wide, both surfaces nearly glabrous, white hairs at the apex, papillary protrusions at the edges, 5~7 veins, upper leaf blade There are buds. Flowers 3~6 or more; sepals leaflike, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5~2 cm long, 2~5 mm wide, apex obtuse, white wools; pedicels 6.5~9 cm long, purple, with white cotton Hair drooping, tepals lanceolate, revolute, orange-red, with purple-black spots; outer tepals 6~10 cm long, 1~2 cm wide; inner tepals slightly wider, nectaries on both sides Papillary, with fimbriate projections; stamens spreading all around; filaments 5~7 cm long, reddish, glabrous, anthers oblong, ca. 2 cm; ovary cylindric, 1.5~2 cm long, width 2~3 mm; styles 4.5~6.5 cm long, stigma slightly inflated, 3-lobed. The fruit is long and ovate, 3~4 cm long. Its flowering period is from July to August, fruiting from September to October.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows at an area with an altitude below 2500 meters above sea level, along forest margins and on hillsides. It mainly distributes in the north, northwest, east, the middle and lower reaches area of the Yangtze river, the Zhujiang river area, southwest, and other areas of China.

 Characters of herbs: The scale leaves are 2~3.5 cm long, 1.5~3 cm wide, and 1~3 cm thick, the surface is creamy white or yellowish-brown, covered by 3~8 vertical veins, its texture is hard and brittle. Easy to break, the fracture surface is flat, horny-like. The herb is odorless, tastes slightly bitter.

 Lilium brownii F.E.Brown var. viridulum Baker. (2).Lilium brownii F.E.Brown var. viridulum Baker.:
 Botanical description: The Lilium brownii F.E.Brown var. viridulum Baker, is a plant of the Liliaceae(lily family) family and Lilium L genus, it is commonly known as "Lanceleaf Lily Bulb", "Greenish Lily Bulb", "Greenish Lily", or "Bǎi Hé", Perennial herb, 70~150 cm high. Stems are purple striped, glabrous; Bulb is globose, ca. 5 cm in diameter, bulb valve widely spreading, knobless, white. Leaves scattered, with short stalks; The upper leaves are often smaller than middle leaves, oblanceolate to obovate, 7~10 cm long, 2~3 cm wide, the apex is sharp, the base is narrow, whole edge, glabrous, 3~5 veins. 1~4 flower petals, trumpet-shaped, fragrant; 6 Perianths, obovate, 15~20 cm long, 3~4.5 cm wide, mostly white, the back surface is purplish brown, without spots, apex curved but not rolled, nectary with small papillate on both sides; 6 stamens, forward bending, anthers 9.58~11 cm long, pilose, anthers elliptic, T-shaped, pollen grains are maroon; Ovary is oblong, ca. 3.5 cm, style is 11 cm long, glabrous, stigma 3-lobed. The capsule is oblong, 5 cm long, 3 cm wide, ridged. Many seeds, its flowering and fruiting period is from June to September.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows near the forest or in the grass with deep soil, the plant prefers a cool and wet environment, but a few species can withstand a drought environment. It distributes in most areas of China, and it is cultivated in most areas.

 Characters of herbs: Dry scale leaves are long elliptic, covered with needle shape or long triangle, fleshy, the center is thicker, the edge is wave shape or curls inwards, the surface is milky white or light yellowish-brown, smooth and delicate, a little luster, there are several parallel longitudinal white vascular bundles inside the valve. The texture is hard and slightly brittle, the fracture surface is flat, yellow-white waxy. The smell is slight and the taste is bitter.

 Pharmacological actions: Lily decoction has an inhibitory effect on mouse cough induced by ammonia. Gavage mice with lily bulb water extract saps can resist stress injury and can resist histamine-induced asthma of the toad.

 Medicinal efficacy: Moistening the lung, relieve cough, clearing away the heart fire, and tranquilizing, indicated for the treatment of Yin deficiency and chronic cough, cough and spit phlegm blood, residual heat after fever, dysphoria, and palpitate with fear, trance and wandering, beriberi, edema.

 Administration of Bulbus Lilii Brownii(Bǎi Hé): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Bulbus Lilii Brownii(Bǎi Hé)
TCM Books: Internally:6~12 grams(CP), or water dedoction, 0.3~1 liang(about 9~30 grams), or steamed and take or prepare porridge(DCTM), or 6~12 grams, water decoction, or prepared into pill, powder; or steamed and take or prepare porridge.Externally:proper amount,mashed the herb and apply stick(CHMM).


 Lilium pumilum DC. (3).Lilium pumilum DC.:
 Botanical description: The Lilium pumilum DC., is a plant of the Liliaceae(lily family) family and Lilium L genus, it is commonly known as "Lilium pumilum", "Thin-leaf Lilium", "Shān Dān Bǎi Hé", bulbs are ovate or conical, 2.5~4.5 cm tall, 2~3 cm in diameter; scales are oblong or long ovate, 2~3.5 cm long, 1~1.5 cm wide, white. Stem height 15~60 cm, with small papillary protrusions, and some with purple stripes. Leaves scattered in the middle of the stem, bar-shaped, 3.5~9 cm long, 1.5~3 mm wide, prominent under the midrib, the edge of a papillary protrusion. Flowers solitary or several racemes, bright red, usually spotless, sometimes with few spots, pendulous; tepals rewinded, 4~4.5 cm long, 0.8~1.1 cm wide, nipples on both sides Prominence; filaments 1.2~2.5 cm long, glabrous, anthers long oblong, ca. 1 cm long, yellow, pollen nearly red; ovary cylindrical, 0.8~1 cm long; style slightly longer than ovary or more than 1 × 1.2~1.6 cm long, stigma inflated, 5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed. The capsule is oblong and is 2 cm long and 1.2~1.8 cm wide. The plant is flowering from July to August, fruiting from September to October.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows at areas with an altitude between 400 and 2500 meters above sea level, on slopes, under forests, and between mountain rocks. It distributes in the north, northwest, middle and lower reaches areas of the Yellow River, and other areas of China.

 Characters of herbs: The scale leaves are about 5.5 cm long, 2.5 cm wide, and 3.5 mm thick, dark, with less obvious veins.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Bai He:Lily Bulb or Bulbus Lilii Brownii.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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