Introduction of Mu Hu Die:Trumpetflower Seed or Semen Oroxyli.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Trumpetflower Seed, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Oroxylum indicum(L.) Vent., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Trumpetflower Seed, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Semen Oroxyli(Trumpetflower Seed).

Oroxylum indicum:tree with pods.  Pin Yin Name: Mù Hú Dié.
 English Name: Trumpetflower Seed.
 Latin Name: Semen Oroxyli.
 Property and flavor: cool, bitter, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Semen Oroxyli is the dried ripe seed of Oroxylum indicum(L.) Vent.(family Bignoniaceae), used to clear the lung of heat, and soothe the throat for the treatment of cough, sore throat, and hoarseness of voice in cases of wind-heat afflictions.

 Botanical source: The herb Semen Oroxyli(Trumpetflower Seed) is the dried ripe seed of Oroxylum indicum(L.) Vent., it is a plant of Oroxylum. Genus, the Bignoniaceae family of the Scrophulariales order. It is also known as Trumetflower Seed, Seed of Trumetflower or Mù Hú Dié.

 Oroxylum indicum L. Vent.:tree with pods 01 Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Semen Oroxyli(Trumpetflower Seed) as the dried leaf of:(1). Oroxylum indicum(L.) Vent. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Oroxylum indicum(L.) Vent.

 Botanical description: Wood trees, 7~12 meters tall. The bark is thick and lenticular. Branchlets are very much lenticellate and protuberant, leaf mark is apparent and big. Leaves opposite; Large odd-numbered two to four pinnate compound leaves, inserted near apex of stem, 60~160 cm long, 20~80 cm wide; Leaflets numerous, petiole 5~10 mm long, leaf blade triangular-ovate, 6~14 cm long, 4~9 cm wide, apex shortly acuminate, base rounded or broadly cuneate and blique, entire, green above, light green below, both surfaces glabrous, blue when dry. Racemose cymes terminal, 40 ~ 150 cm long, pedicels ca. 7 cm; Calyx campanulate, 2.2~4.5 cm long, 2~3 cm wide, purple, truncated, persistent; Corolla orange-red, fleshy, 3~9 cm long, bell-shaped, 5~8.5 cm in diameter, apex 5-lobed, lobes unequal; 5 stamens, inserted in the middle of corolla tube, extending out of the corolla; Filaments base woolly, 1 filaments shorter; Disk lei, fleshy; Style 5~7 cm long, stigma 2 pieces dehiscent. Capsule woody, flat, broadly linear, pendulous, 40~120 cm long, 5~8.5 cm wide, apex shortly acute, base cuneate, margin slightly recurved, with a slightly protruding dorsal slit in the middle, brown at maturity, opening along the abdominal suture, fruit flap with midrib. Seeds most, seeds even wing 6~7.5 cm long, 3.5~4 cm wide, except the base, all surrounded by white translucent thin wings. Its flowering period is from July to October, fruiting period is from October to December.

 Oroxylum indicum L. Vent.:tree with pods 02 Ecological environment: The Oroxylum indicum tree grows on slopes, streams, valleys, or shrubs below an elevation of 1,000 meters above sea level. Resources distribution: The tree mainly distributes in the Zhujiang river area, southwest, Taiwan, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The tree grows on slopes, streams, valleys, or bushes below an elevation of 1000 meters above sea level.

 Characters of herbs: The seeds are nearly elliptical, flaky, 2~3 cm long and 1.5~2 cm wide. The surface is light yellowish white, with spun silk-like luster. The seed coat expands outward from three sides into a wide wing, which is about 2.5 cm wide, membranous and translucent, with radial texture, and the edges are mostly broken. The herb is light, stripped of seed coat, there is membranous endosperm tightly wrap cotyledon. Two cotyledons, flat butterfly-shaped, yellow-green or light yellow, with a long diameter of about 1.5 cm and a short diameter of about 1 cm; The radicle is obvious. The herb has slight smell, it tastes slightly bitter. The herb which is wide, white, shiny and soft wings like silk are better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-inflammatory; ②.anti-allergic reaction; ③.diuresis effect; ④.choleretic effect; ⑤.cholesterol-lowering effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clearing away the lung-heat and relieve sore throat, dispersing stagnated liver Qi for regulating stomach. Indicated for a cough with lung heat, pharyngitis(throat obstruction), hoarseness, Qi pain in liver and stomach(stomachache due to emotional depression and the hyperactive liver-Qi attacking the stomach).

 Administration of Semen Oroxyli(Mù Hú Dié):
Reference: Administration Guide of Semen Oroxyli(Mù Hú Dié)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:1.5~3 grams; ②.2~3 qian(about 6~9 grams), water decoction; grinded to fine powder and prepared to pill, powder.Externally:apply stick; ③.water decoction,6~9 grams, or grinded into fine powder,1.5~3 grams;Externally:proper amount,apply stick,or grinded into fine powder and apply at affected area.

Antitussives Herbs.

 Introduction: Antitussives herbs: an agent or substance herbs that stops coughing.
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