Introduction of Su Ya:Millet Sprout or Fructus Setariae Germinatus.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Digestives and Evacuants.

 TCM Herbs Icon16 Introduction: Herbs Digestives and Evacuants: also known as digestant herbs, an agent or substance that aids digestion to eliminate accumulated undigested food, also known as digestant and evacuant herbs.

 
Fructus Setariae Germinatus(Millet Sprout).

Fructus Setariae Germinatus Pin Yin Name: Gǔ Yá, or Sù Yá.
 English Name: Millet Sprout.
 Latin Name: Fructus Setariae Germinatus.
 Property and flavor: warm nature, tastes sweet.or slightly warm, tastes bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Fructus Setariae Germinatus is the dried and germinated grains of millet, Setaria italica(L.) Beauv.(family Graminae), used in the same way as rice-grain sprout to improve digestion for the treatment of poor appetite and dyspepsia. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Setariae Germinatus, Millet Sprout, Gǔ Yá, or Sù Yá. The name Gǔ Yá is the name recorded in CP, the name Sù Yá is the name recorded in DCTM and CHMM, they are the same herb, the sprout of millet grains.

 Millet. Botanical source: Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Setariae Germinatus(Millet Sprout) as the dried germinated grains of the plant species (1).Setaria italica(L.)Beauv. It is a plant of the Setaria Beauv. Genus, the Gramineae family of the Poales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Setaria italica L.Beauv. (1).Setaria italica(L.)Beauv.:
 Botanical description: It is commonly known as Gǔ Zi, millet, foxtail millet, or Xiǎo Mǐ. Annuals. The roots are thick. Culms stout, erect, 0.1~1 meter tall or higher. Leaf-sheath loosely wrapped stem, dense with warty hair or hairless, hair to the near edge and the back of the junction with the leaf for dense, edge dense with cilia; The leaf tongue is a ring of cilia; Leaf blade lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 10~45 cm long, 5~33 mm wide, apex acute, base obtuse, upper scabrous, lower slightly smooth. Panicles are terete or subspindled, usually pendulous, base more or less interrupted, 10~40 cm long, 1~5 cm wide, often variable with species, spindle densely pilose, setae significantly longer than or slightly longer than spikelets, yellow, brown, or purple. Spikelets elliptic or suborbicular, 2-3 mm long, yellow, orange or purple; The first glume is 1/3-1/2 of spikelets, with 3 veins. Second glume slightly shorter than or longer than 3/4 of spikelet, apex obtuse, 5~9 veined; First lemma as long as spikelets, 5~7 veined, palea thin papery, lanceolate, 2/3 long, second lemma as long as first lemma, ovoid or globose, firm, smooth or finely wrinkled, detached from base of first lemma and glume when mature. Scales are apex uneven, microwave shaped; Style base detached; Leaf epidermal cells are of the same type as the grass.

 Setaria italica L.Beauv. Ecological environment: The growth period of millet is between 80 d and 130 d, which has the advantages of drought tolerance, poor soil and storage resistance, and is suitable for growing in arid areas without irrigation. Xiǎo Mǐ's main production area is in China, which accounts for 80 percent of the world's production. Millet grows in 23 provinces and regions in China.

 Fructus Setariae Germinatus Characters of herbs: This herb is like a round ball, about 2 mm in diameter, blunt at the top, slightly pointed at the base. The shell is leathery palea, pale yellow, with punctured wrinkles, with primary fine fibrous roots at the lower end, about 3~6 mm long, the palea is peeled, containing a pale yellow or yellow-white cariopses(millet). No odor, mild taste.

 Medicinal efficacy: Aid digestion and harmonizing the middle energizer, replenish the spleen and boosting appetite. It is indicated for dyspepsia and indigestion(food retention, indigestion), dyspepsia and distension fullness(food retention, distension and fullness in the abdomen), abdominal distension and bromopnea(distension in abdomen, fetid breath or halitosis), deficiency and weakness of spleen and stomach, no appetite(do not take food), not hungry and poor appetite(no hunger, take little food). The fried millet sprout functions aiding digestion, it is indicated for not hungry and poor appetite(no hunger, take little food). The charred millet sprout functions to reduce food retention and stagnation stasis, it is indicated for food retention and dyspepsia(retention of food, indigestion), etc.

 Administration of Fructus Setariae Germinatus(Sù Yá): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Fructus Setariae Germinatus(Sù Yá)
TCM Books: Internally:9~15 grams(CP), Internally:water decoction,3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams).(DCTM), Internally:water decoction,10~15 grams;or grinded into fine powder, prepare to pill, powder.(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Su Ya:Millet Sprout or Fructus Setariae Germinatus.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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