Introduction of Cao Dou Kou:Katsumada Galangal Seed or Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai.
✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Fragrant Odor for Resolving Dampness Herbs.
Introduction: Fragrant Odor for Resolving Dampness Herbs: a fragrant agent or substance herbs effective for resolving damp, often used in the treatment of damp syndrome marked by anorexia, lassitude, nausea and vomiting, distension in the chest and abdomen, greasy tongue coating and slippery pulse either in cases of febrile diseases or in other miscellaneous diseases.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These fragrant odor herbs for resolving dampness are briefly introduced separately:
Pin Yin Name: Cǎo Dòu Kòu.
English Name: Katsumada Galangal Seed.
Latin Name: Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai.
Property and flavor: warm, pungent.
Brief introduction: The herb Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai is the dried seed of Alpinia katsumadai Hayata(family zingiberaceae), used to dry dampness, move Qi, and warm the middle for relieving gastralgia, vomiting, and diarrhea due to accumulation of cold-damp or Qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach. The herb is commonly known as Katsumade Galangal Seed, Seed of Katsumada Galangal, Cǎo Dòu Kòu.
Botanical source: Common famous herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai(Katsumada Galangal Seed) as the dried seed of the species (1). Alpinia katsumadai Hayat., it is a plant of the Amomum genus, the Zingiberaceae family, the Zingiberales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Alpinia katsumadai Hayat.: It is commonly known as Cǎo Dòu Kòu. Perennial herbs, 1.5~3 meters tall. Petiole length 1.5~2 cm; Leaf blade narrowly elliptic or linear-lanceolate, 50~65 cm long, 6~9 cm wide, apex acuminate, base acuminate, margin hairy, both surfaces glabrous or sparsely hirsute only below; Leaf tongue egg vegetables, 5~8 mm long, covered with coarse hair. Raceme terminal, erect, 20~30 cm long, raceme axis densely hirsute, pedicel ca. 3 meters long, bracteoles milky white, broadly elliptic, ca. 3.5 cm long, apex obtuse, base connate; Calyx campanulate, white, 1.5~2.5 cm long, apex irregularly 3-obtuse, 1-sided deeply lobed, outer hairy; Corolla white, corolla tube ca. 8 mm long, 3 lobes, oblong, upper lobes larger, ca. 3.5 cm long, ca. Lateral staminodes lanceolate, 4 mm long or sometimes absent; 1 stamens, 2.2~2.5 cm long, anthers elliptic, septum abaxially covered with glandular hair, filaments flattened, length is about 1.5 cm. Ovary ovoid, inferior, densely covered with pale yellow silky hair. Capsule suborbicular, ca. 3 cm in diameter, hirsute, yellow when ripe. Its flowering period is from April to June, fruiting from June to August.
Ecological environment: the plant grows in mountainous areas, sparse forests, gullies, rivers, and wet forest margins. Resource distribution: the plant distributes in the Zhujiang river area, Hainan, and other areas of China.
Growth characteristics: The plant Alpinia katsumadai prefers a warm and humid climate and semi-shade environment. In the sparse forest layer deep, fertile loose loam is appropriate for cultivation. Seeds and ramets are used for propagation.
Characters of herbs: Spherical or elliptic, with 3 obtuse edges and 3 shallow trenches, 1.5~3 cm long, 1.5~3 cm in diameter. Surface grayish brown or yellowish-brown; There is yellow-white or light brown septum divided into 3 compartments, each compartment has 22~90 seeds, not easy to spread. Seed leaves oval-shaped polyhedron, 3~5 mm long, 2.5~3 mm in diameter, slightly raised on the back, a thick end of the round nest shape of species umbilicus, chalking point at the center of the flat end of the concave, ventral a longitudinal groove, along the longitudinal groove from the umbilicus to chalking point, along the chalking point to the back also has a longitudinal groove, the end of the groove does not reach the species umbilicus. Hard quality, section milky white. Aromatic, pungent and spicy. The herb which is big, full, strong quality, the strong smell is better.
Pharmacological actions: The decoction of the herb Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai has an inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Bacterium dyseioteriae and Escherichia coli. Low concentration of the Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai decoction has an excitatory effect on isolated guinea pig intestines, while high concentration turns to inhibition.
Medicinal efficacy: Drying the dampness and invigorate the spleen, warm the stomach and stop vomiting, warm the middle energizer, dispel cold, and promoting the circulation of Qi. It is indicated for internal stagnation of cold and dampness, cold and pain in the heart and abdomen, epigastric and abdominal distention fullness cold and pain, cold and dampness stagnation of the spleen and stomach, distention and fullness and dyspeptic retention, belching and vomiting, vomiting, vomiting and regurgitation, no appetite, diarrhea with undigested food, cold and dampness vomiting and diarrhea, diarrhea, phlegm and fluid retention, abdominal mass, beriberi, scrambling malaria, halitosis(bad breath), etc.
Administration of Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai(Cǎo Dòu Kòu):
Administration Guide of Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai(Cǎo Dòu Kòu)
Internally:3~6 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 0.8~1.5 qian(about 2.4~4.5 grams), or prepare to pill,powder(DCTM),Internally:water decoction,3~6 grams,better decoct later,or prepared to pill, powder(CHMM).
1.Introduction of Cao Dou Kou:Katsumada Galangal Seed or Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai.
2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).