Fructus Jujubae(Jujube,Chinese Date).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon14 Introduction: Qi Tonics,herbs for replenishing Qi: also known as Qi-tonifying herbs, an agent or substance that tonifies Qi, used in treating Qi deficiency.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 14 Introduction: The Qi Tonics, herbs for replenishing Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [14] kinds of common TCM herbs, [27] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Jujubae(Jujube,Chinese Date).

 Fructus Jujubae Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Jujubae is the dried ripe fruit of Ziziphus jujuba Mill., it is used to replenish the middle Qi, nourish the blood and induce tranquilization, and also used to moderate herb medicine actions. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Jujubae, Jujube, Chinese Date, Dà Zǎo.

 ✵Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Jujube Fruit(Da Zao) as the ripe fruit of the plant species (1). Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.inermis(Bge) Rend., and one varietas (2). Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis (Bunge) Rehder. They are plants of the Ziziphus Mill. Genus, the Rhamnaceae family(Buckthorn family) of the Rosales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.inermis Bge Rend.(1).Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.inermis(Bge)Rend.: The Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.inermis(Bge)Rend is a plant of the Rhamnaceae family(Buckthorn family) and Ziziphus genus, deciduous shrubs or small trees, grows up to 10 meters. There are long branches, short branches and new branches, long branchesare smooth, glabrous, young branches are slender and slightly "curved", purple or taupe, with 2 lobed thorns, long thorn is up to 3 cm, rough, short prickle bend, length 4~6 mm; spur is short, oblong, issued from the old branch; when the annual branchlets are green, drooping, solitary or 2~7 clusters grows on short branches. Leaves are alternate, paper, petiole length is 1~6 mm, long branches are up to 1 cm; leaf blade ovate, oval-shaped oval, length 3~7 cm, width 2~4 cm, apex obtuse or rounded, with a small tip head slightly oblique at base, suborbicular, margin is serrulate, dark green at upper part, glabrous, light green at lower part, glabrous or pubescent along veins; base with three veins. Flowers are yellow-green, bisexual, often 2~8 flowers grow on leaf axils into cymes; calyx 5-lobed, lobes ovate-triangular; 5 petals, obovate, base with paws; 5 stamens, opposite petals grow on the edge of the disk; disk is thick, succulent, round, 5 cracked; 2 ovary rooms. Coincident with the disc, 2 styles half-cleft. Drupe oval or oblong, 2~3.5 cm long, 1.5~2 cm in diameter, red when mature, then reddish-purple, mesocarp fleshy, thick, sweet, nuclear sharp ends. Seeds are flat oval, about 1 cm long. Its flowering period is from May to July, fruiting from August to September.

 Ecological environment: the Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.inermis(Bge)Rend grows in the mountains below 1,700 meters altitude, hills or plains, widely cultivated throughout China, many cultivars. Geographical distribution: This species is native to China, and cultivated in most areas of China, mainly from provinces the north, northwest, the middle reaches area of the Yellow River, southwest, and other areas of China. It is now cultivated in many areas of Asia, Europe, and America.

 Trait identification: This product is oval or spherical, 2~3.5 cm long, 1.5~2.5 cm in diameter. Surface is dark red, slightly shiny, irregular wrinkles. Basal depression, shortly fruiting pedicel. Outer pericarp is thin, medium pericarp is brown or light brown, fleshy, soft, rich in sugar and oily. Fruit is spindle-shaped, sharp at both ends, hard. The herb is slightly fragrant, sweet taste.

 Ziziphus jujuba var.inermis Bunge Rehder.(2).Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis (Bunge) Rehder.: The Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis (Bunge) Rehder. is a plant of the Rhamnaceae family (Buckthorn family) and Ziziphus genus, and identified as one varietas of the Ziziphus jujuba Mill., it is commonly known as "Wu Ci Zao", or "Jujube without thorn", the main difference of it from the original variant is: long branches without prickles; young branches without thorns. Its flowering period is from May to July, fruiting from August to October.

 Ecosystem: The Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis (Bunge) Rehder. grows in the areas with an altitude below 1,600 meters above sea level, it is extensively cultivated.


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