Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi(Thorny Acanthopanax Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon14 Introduction: Qi Tonics,herbs for replenishing Qi: also known as Qi-tonifying herbs, an agent or substance that tonifies Qi, used in treating Qi deficiency.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 14 Introduction: The Qi Tonics, herbs for replenishing Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [14] kinds of common TCM herbs, [27] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi are briefly introduced separately:

 
Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi(Thorny Acanthopanax Root).

 Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi Brief Introduction: The herb Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi is the dried root and rhizome of Acanthopanax senticosus(Rupr.et Maxim.) Harms., it is used to replenish Qi, strengthen the spleen, tonify the kidney, and induce tranquilization for the treatment of general weakness, anorexia, aching back and knees, insomnia and dream-disturbed sleep. The herb is commonly known as Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi, Thorny Acanthopanax Root, Siberian Ginseng, Cì Wǔ Jiā.

 ✵Common official herbal classics defined the herb Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi(Thorny Acanthopanax Root) as the dry root or rhizoma and root bark of the Araliaceae(Aralia family) family plant species (1). Acanthopanax senticosus(Rupr.et Maxim.) Harms. It is a plant of the Acanthopanax Miq. genus, the Araliaceae family of the Apiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Acanthopanax senticosus Rupr.Maxim.Harms. (1).Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. Maxim.) Harms.: The Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. Maxim.) Harms., is a plant of the Araliaceae(Aralia family) family and Eleutherococcus genus, it is commonly known as "Acanthopanax senticosus", or "Eleutherococcus senticosus", or "Siberian Ginseng", or "Ci Wu Jia", Shrubs, 1~6 meters tall; branches are usually numerous, one or two years old, usually densely thorned, sparsely spurred or spiny only on nodes; straight and slender, needle-shaped, downward, base is not swollen, left over after leaving shaped spines, 5 leaflets, 3 thin; petiole often sparsely finely thorned, 3~10 cm long; leaf blade is papery, elliptic-obovate or oblong, 5~13 cm long, 3~7 cm wide, tip acuminate, base is broadly cuneate, rough on top, dark green, with coarse hairs on veins, light green at lower part, pubescence on veins, sharply serrated edges, 6~7 pairs of lateral veins, distinct on both sides, inconspicuous reticulation leaflets 0.5~2.5 cm long, brown pubescent, sometimes with thorns.

 Umbrella indistinct, or 2~6 sparse panicles, 2~4 cm in diameters, with many flowers; pedicels 5~7 cm long, glabrous; pedicels 1~2 cm long, glabrous or basally slightly hairy; flowers are violet-yellow; calyx is glabrous, margin subentire or inconspicuous 5-dentate; 5 petals, ovate, 2 mm long; 5 stamens, 1.5~2 mm long; 5 ovary locular, the styles all form a column.

 Fruit is spherical or ovoid, 5-sided, black, 7~8 mm in diameter, persistent style 1.5~1.8 mm long. Its flowering period is from June to July, fruiting from August to October.

 Acanthopanax senticosus Rupr.Maxim.Harms. Ecological environment: The Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. Maxim.) Harms., grows in forests or thickets, at the area with an altitude of several hundred meters to 2,000 meters above sea level. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributes in the north, northwest, northeast area of China.

 The Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. Maxim.) Harms., likes warm and humid climate, cold-resistant and bear light shade. Should choose sunny, deep humus layer, soil slightly acidic sandy loam.

 Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi Trait identification: the rhizome is nodular irregular cylindrical, 1.4~4.2 cm in diameter, branched; The surface is grayish brown, has the longitudinal wrinkle, the curved place often has the dense horizontal wrinkle, the leather hole transverse long, the tiny protrusion but the color is light. Root is cylindrical, much twisted, 0.3~1.5 cm in diameter; The surface is grayish brown or dark brown, wrinkles are obvious, the skin is thinner, the flaking part shows grayish-yellow. Hard, cross-section is white, fibrous. The herb has distinctive aroma, taste slightly pungent, slightly bitter, astringent.

 
 

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