Introduction of Zhu Sha:Cinnabar or Cinnabaris.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs tranquilizers.

 TCM Herbs Icon12 Introduction: herbs tranquilizers: also known as tranquilizer or tranquilizing herbs, an agent or substance herbs that calms the mind and relieves mental tension.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 12 Introduction: The herbs tranquilizers are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [16] kinds of common TCM herbs, [10] kinds of related plant species, [4] kinds of related fungus species, [12] kinds of related animal species, [4] kinds of related minerals, are recorded in this category. These herbs tranquilizers are briefly introduced separately:

 
Cinnabaris(Cinnabar).

Cinnabar Pin Yin Name: Zhū Shā.
 English Name: Cinnabar.
 Latin Name: Cinnabaris.
 Property and flavor: cool or slightly cold, sweet, toxic.

 Brief introduction: The herb Cinnabaris is a mineral composed of red mercuric sulphide(sulfide), used (1).as a settling tranquilizer for the treatment of palpitation, insomnia, infantile convulsion, and epilepsy, and (2).as a detoxicant for boils and carbuncles. The herb is commonly known as Cinnabaris, Cinnabar, Zhū Shā.

 Mineral source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Cinnabaris(Cinnabar) as the mineral of natural cinnabar, once it is dug out, select the minerals without impurities, clean off the impure minerals which contain irons with a magnet, wash with water, and screen the mixed rocks and soil. It is a mineral mainly composed of HgS. This commonly used mineral is introduced as:

 Natural cinnabar Natural cinnabar.:
 Description: It is commonly known as Chén Shā. The natural cinnabar is also known as cinnabar, red Dan, mercury cinnabar(mercury sands), is mercury sulfide (HgS) mineral. It contains 86.2% mercury, it is the most important mineral material for mercury smelting. The crystal can be used as an important material in laser technology. It is a Chinese medicinal material, with sedative, tranquilizing, and sterilization effects. It was used as an important raw material for alchemy in ancient China. The herb was used to be named for the best quality produced in Chenzhou, so it is known as Chén Shā.

 Natural cinnabar The crystal belongs to the trigonal crystal system and the equiaxed crystal system of black cinnabar into a homogeneous multi-image. It is usually rhombohedral or short cylindrical; Common through twin. Complete cleavage with a parallel cylinder. The aggregation is granular, massive, or membranous. Mohs hardness is 2.5, the specific gravity is 8.10. Color is often red, crystal surface with streaks of red, translucent. Pure cinnabar luster for King Kong, vermilion; When containing impurities, the luster is dim and maroon. It is a typical cryogenic hydrothermal mineral, which is related to modern volcanism.

 Natural cinnabar Ecological environment: The mineral often occurs in the vein in limestone, SLATE, sandstone. China is the main production country of Chén Shā, etc. Other places of origin in the world include Uderio of Italy, and the coastal mountains of California, USA.

 Characters of herbs: The product is granular or block aggregate. It is granular or patchy, bright red or dark red, sometimes with a leaden tarnish; Streaked red to maroon; Opaque or translucent. It is heavy, a flake of brittle, easy to break; Lumps are hard and not easily broken. The powder has a sparkle. No smell. The herb which color bright red, shiny, translucent, big weight, crisp quality, no impurities are better.

 Pharmacological actions: The herb Cinnabar can reduce the excitability of the central nervous system of the brain, and has the effects of sedation(sedative effect), hypnosis(hypnogenesis effect), and anticonvulsive effect. And can resist arrhythmia. The herb also has detoxification and antiseptic effect, external use can inhibit or kill skin bacteria and dermatozoon. Cinnabar is a compound of mercury, it inhibits the activity of various enzymes at high concentrations.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear the mind, relieving convulsion, calm the nerves(relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization), clear the heat, detoxify. It is indicated for palpitations and easily gets frightened(hyperarousal), palpitate with fear, upset(vexed), insomnia(agrypnia, or lose sleep), dreaminess, dizziness, cloudy vision(blurred vision), dim sighted, mania, epileptic frenzy, infantile convulsions, mouth sores, pharyngitis(throat obstruction), pyogenic infections, sore and ulcer, scabies.

 Administration of Cinnabaris(Zhū Shā): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Cinnabaris(Zhū Shā)
TCM Books: Internally:0.1~0.5 grams, mostly prepare to pill, powder, better not add to decoction. Externally:proper amount.(CP), Internally:grinded into powder, 1~3 fen(about 0.3~0.9 grams), prepare to pill, powder, or mixed with other herbs to decoct. Externally:mixed with other herbs and grinded into powder, sprinkle apply(DCTM), Internally:grinded into powder, 1~3 fen(about 0.3~0.9 grams), prepare to pill, powder, or mixed with other herbs to decoct. Externally:mixed with other herbs and grinded into powder, sprinkle apply(CHMM).


 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Zhu Sha:Cinnabar or Cinnabaris.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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