Introduction of Zi Bei:Purple Cowry Shell or Concha Mauritiae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs tranquilizers.

 TCM Herbs Icon12 Introduction: herbs tranquilizers: also known as tranquilizer or tranquilizing herbs, an agent or substance herbs that calms the mind and relieves mental tension.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 12 Introduction: The herbs tranquilizers are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [16] kinds of common TCM herbs, [10] kinds of related plant species, [4] kinds of related fungus species, [12] kinds of related animal species, [4] kinds of related minerals, are recorded in this category. These herbs tranquilizers are briefly introduced separately:

 
Concha Mauritiae(Purple Cowry Shell).

Concha Mauritiae Pin Yin Name: Zǐ Bèi Chǐ, or Zǐ Bèi.
 English Name: Purple Cowry Shell.
 Latin Name: Concha Mauritiae.
 Property and flavor: neutral nature, tastes salty.

 Brief introduction: The herb Concha Mauritiae is the dried shell of Mauritia(L.)(family Cypaeidae), used as a settling tranquilizer for treating palpitations and infantile convulsion. The herb is commonly known as Concha Mauritiae, Purple Cowry Shell, Zǐ Bèi Chǐ.

 Botanical source: Common official herbal classics defined the herb Concha Mauritiae(purple cowry shell) as the concha shell of the shellfish species (1). Cypraea. It is a shellfish of the Cypraeidae family of the Mesogastropoda order. This commonly original shellfish species is introduced as:

 Cypraea (1).Cypraea.:
 Botanical description: It is commonly known as Mauritia(L.), ē Wén Shòu Bèi, or Zǐ Bèi(literally it means "purple shellfish"). The shell is oblong and ovoid, with a solid shell, generally 75 mm long, 42 mm wide, 34 mm high, and 80 mm long for the larger shell. Shell towers and spirals are almost completely covered by enamel. The back is rounded, the lower part of both sides is gradually contracted, the margin is slightly thick. The shell table is bright and smooth, brown or light brown, with crisscross, not very regular tan intermittent stripes, and many star-shaped patterns. The top line is distinct, without markings, and the back is dimly marked with brown or grayish-blue horizontal bands, which are very prominent in the young. Margin is grayish-brown on both sides, with purplish-brown markings, and extending to the base. The shell mouth is long and narrow, slightly curved, slightly wide at the front, with about 32 lips and teeth on each shell, purplish-brown. The inner surface of the shell is mauve. The front and rear pipes are short.

 Cypraea Ecological environment: The Mauritia mainly distributes in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Nansha islands, Taiwan of China.

 Life habit: The Mauritia lives under low tide rocks or in coral reef caves, nocturnal. The hermaphroditic, spawning period in Hainan island is from April to June.

 Characters of herbs: the shell is a long oval, both ends are concave and mouth shape. It is about 7 cm long, 4 cm wide and up to 3.5 cm high. Surface by enamel, shiny, brown, or light brown back, with tan crisscrossing intermittent stripes, two sides of the edge of taupe, visible purple-brown spots. Lips are purplish-brown dentate hard. Slight smell, mild taste.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat, calm the nerves(relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization), calm the liver, improving eyesight(improving acuity of vision). It is indicated for heat toxin and nebula, infantile macula affecting the eyes, infantile convulsion with high fever, frightened and insomnia, dizziness and dazzled, palpitation and upset, insomnia and dreaminess, red eyes and swelling pain, heat toxin and nebula, etc.

 Administration of Concha Mauritiae(Zǐ Bèi Chǐ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Concha Mauritiae(Zǐ Bèi Chǐ)
TCM Books: N/A.(CP), Internally:water decoction,2~5 qian(about 6~15 grams);or grinded into fine powder. Externally:grind medicinal herb fine while adding water, putting drops in eyes.(DCTM), Internally:water decoction,10~15 grams, cracked and decoct earlier. Externally:proper amount, grind medicinal herb fine while adding water, putting drops in eyes.(CHMM).


 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Zi Bei:Purple Cowry Shell or Concha Mauritiae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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