Introduction of Ci Shi:Magnetite or Magnetitum.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs tranquilizers.

 TCM Herbs Icon12 Introduction: herbs tranquilizers: also known as tranquilizer or tranquilizing herbs, an agent or substance herbs that calms the mind and relieves mental tension.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 12 Introduction: The herbs tranquilizers are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [16] kinds of common TCM herbs, [10] kinds of related plant species, [4] kinds of related fungus species, [12] kinds of related animal species, [4] kinds of related minerals, are recorded in this category. These herbs tranquilizers are briefly introduced separately:


Magnetitum Pin Yin Name: Cí Shí.
 English Name: Magnetite.
 Latin Name: Magnetitum.
 Property and flavor: cold, salty.

 Brief introduction: The herb Magnetitum is the magnetic iron ore composed mainly of ferriferous oxide(Fe3O4), used as a settling tranquilizer and antiasthmatic for the treatment of tinnitus, palpitation, insomnia, epilepsy, and mania, and also used for relieving asthma. The herb is commonly known as Magnetitum, Magnetite, Cí Shí.

 Mineral source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Magnetitum(Magnetite) as the magnetic iron ore composed mainly of ferriferous oxide(Fe3O4). This commonly used mineral is introduced as:

 Magnetitum Magnetite.:
 Description:  Magnetite: equiaxed crystal system. Crystal is octahedral, a few for the diamond dodecahedron, crystal surface often parallel stripes. Usually, granular or dense clumps appear. The color is iron black; Crystals are sometimes tinged with light indigo. The stripe is black. Semi-metallic luster. Opaque. No cleavage. The fracture is conchoidal or jagged. Hardness is 5.5~6.5. Specific gravity is 4.9~5.2. Crispy. It is strongly magnetic. It is found in many magmatic and metamorphic rocks; Beach sand is also common.

 Distribution: It mainly produces in the north, the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, and other areas of China. It is also available in other areas of the world North America, Brazil, Australia.

 Magnetitum Characters of herbs: the mineral is irregular block shape, has edge angle, size is different. The surface is iron black to tan, opaque, metallic luster; Some dull or covered with a little brown powder; Some are rough and with a few pinhole pores; Some contain impurities of yellow or other colors. It is weight, hard, difficult to break, irregular section. It smells like earth. A live magnet can attract iron. The dead magnet cannot attract iron, red-brown color, usually have pores, more impurities, and easily broken. The black, shiny, strong iron absorption ability is better. After heating to 480 ℃, the magnetism disappeared suddenly and recovered after cooling. It is insoluble in water and nitric acid. It is soluble in concentrated hydrochloric acid, the solution is orange-yellow, the solution shows various special reactions of iron compounds.

 Pharmacological actions: The herb magnetitum can inhibit the central nervous system, has a sedative, anti-convulsive effect, and after processing the effect is obviously enhanced. The herb magnetitum has a blood tonic effect on iron deficiency anemia, but also anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect, and promote coagulation.

 Medicinal efficacy: Relieving convulsion, calm the nerves(relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization), calm the liver and suppress yang(suppressing hyperactive liver and subsiding yang), suppressing hyper-yang to enhance respiration, improving hearing and improving eyesight(improving acuity of vision), promoting inspiration to relieve asthma. It is indicated for palpitation, insomnia(agrypnia, lose sleep), dizziness, dazzled, blurred vision(dim eyesight), tinnitus and deafness(ringing in the ears, deafness), kidney deficiency and asthma, deficiency and asthma, convulsive epilepsy, palpitation, etc.

 Administration of Magnetitum(Cí Shí): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Magnetitum(Cí Shí)
TCM Books: Internally:9~30 grams, better add earlier for decoction(CP), Internally:water decoction, 0.3~1 liang(about 9~30 grams), or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:grinded into powder, mixed or apply stick(DCTM), Internally:water decoction, 10~30 grams, better break and add earlier for decoction, or prepare to pill. Externally:proper amount, grinded into powder, apply stick(CHMM).

  • 1.Introduction of Ci Shi:Magnetite or Magnetitum.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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