Introduction of Fu Shen:Fu-shen or Poria cum Radice Pino.
✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:herbs tranquilizers.
Introduction: herbs tranquilizers: also known as tranquilizer or tranquilizing herbs, an agent or substance herbs that calms the mind and relieves mental tension.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species,  kinds of related fungus species,  kinds of related animal species,  kinds of related minerals, are recorded in this category. These herbs tranquilizers are briefly introduced separately:
Poria cum Radice Pino(Fu-shen).
Pin Yin Name: Fú Shén.
English Name: Fu-shen.
Latin Name: Poria cum Radice Pino.
Property and flavor: neutral nature, tastes sweet and tasteless.
Brief introduction: The herb Poria cum Radice Pino is the herb consists of poria with a piece of pine root embedded in it, used as a tranquilizer for treating palpitations and insomnia. The herb is commonly known as Poria cum Radice Pino, Tuckahoe with pine, Fú Shén.
Botanical source: Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Poria cum Radice Pino(Fu-Shen) as the Tuckahoe scleral nucleus holds the part of pine root or fine pine core. The fungus species (1).Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. is a fungus of the Wolfiporia genus, the Polyporaceae family of the Polyporales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf.: Botanical description: The Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf., is a fungus of the Polyporaceae family and Wolfiporia genus, it is also known as "Wolfiporia extensa", "Wolfiporia extensa (Peck) Ginns (syn. Poria cocos F.A.Wolf)", the fungus is also known as "hoelen, poria, tuckahoe, China root, fu ling.", and classified into Fomitopsidaceae family in some latest classification system. Sclerotia is spherical, oval, oval to an irregular shape, the length is 10~30 cm or longer, the weight is not the same, usually weighing 500~5,000 g. Thick and wrinkled skin outside, dark brown, hardened when fresh, soft and dry, white or light pink inside, powdery and granular. Entomophores grow on the surface of the sclerotia, the thickness is 3~8 cm, white, fleshy, aged, or dried into a light brown. Trichoderma is 2~3 mm long with a thin tube wall, nozzle round, polygonal or irregular shape, diameter 0.5~1.5 cm, split lip toothed. The spore is rectangular to nearly cylindrical, smooth, with a crooked tip, size (7.5-9) μm×(3-3.5) μm.
The Poria showed three different morphological characteristics at different stages of development, namely mycelium, sclerotia, and fruiting bodies.
(1).Mycelium, including mononuclear and dual-core two mycelia. Monomer nuclear mycelium is also known as primary mycelium, is made by the Poria spores germination, only in the early germination. Binuclear mycelium, also known as secondary mycelium, is the main form of mycelium, by two different sex mononuclear mycelia, by the quality of the formation with. Mycelium has a white fluffy appearance, with a unique multi-concentric ring-shaped colony. Observed under a microscope, we can see mycelium by many branched mycelia, hyphae by the diaphragm are divided into linear cells, the width of 2~5 microns, the top common to the lock-like joint phenomenon.
(2).Sclerotia, by numerous hyphae and nutrients, gathered from the dormant body. It is also known as "Tuckahoe or fu-ling". Spherical, ellipsoid, oblate or irregular lumps; small two, the largest number of pounds, tens of pounds; fresh matter soft quality, easy to open. Sclerotium outer is shell-like, rough surface, with tumor-like shrinkage, fresh light brown or tan, dry to dark brown; skin is white and light brown. Observed under a microscope, the mycelium in the white part of the mycelium is mostly lotus-like joints or extruded mass. Near the skin at the more slender and arranged dense light brown hyphae.
(3).Fruiting bodies, usually produce on the surface of sclerotia, occasionally in the older mycelium. Honeycomb, different sizes, sessile supine, about 0.3~1 cm thick. At first white, the old woody into light yellow. The stratum grows on the surface of the inner wall of the tube and consists of numerous heavy loads. Mature burdens each produce 4 spores (ie basidiospores). Poria spores are gray-white, oblong or nearly cylindrical, a crooked tip, 6×2.5~11×3.5 microns.
Ecosystem: The Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf., is a facultative parasitic fungus, wild species grow at the area with an altitude of 600~1,000 meters above sea level, in the mountains dry and sunny hillside, at the rhizosphere of the Masson pine, Pinus thunbergii, Pinus sylvestris, Pinus yunnanensis, Pinus thunbergii other trees, deep underground 20 to 30 cm. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributes in the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, the Zhujiang river area, southwest area of China.
The Poria cocos, is not the same species as the "Indian bread" of Native Americans, the "Indian bread" is the arrow arum, Peltandra virginica, a flowering tuberous plant in the arum family.
Characters of herbs: the dry sclera shape is the same as Poria cocos, but there is a pine root in the core part. The herb has been cut into a square slice, solid quality, with a silty, the cross-section is brown-yellow, the surface has a ring texture. The herb which inside is thick, small pine root is better.
Pharmacological actions: The herb Fu-shen has a sedative effect: experimental animals will enter a sleepy state after gavage with Fu-shen at dosage 10-20g/kg, but no sleep phenomenon.
Medicinal efficacy: Peace the heart, calm the nerve(relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization) and alleviate water retention. It is indicated for heart deficiency and palpitation, amnesia(poor memory), amnesia and insomnia(bad memory and lose sleep), frightened epilepsy, dysuria(difficulty in micturition), etc.
Administration of Poria cum Radice Pino(Fú Shén):
Administration Guide of Poria cum Radice Pino(Fú Shén)
N/A.(CP), Internally:water decoction,3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams), or prepare to pill, powder(DCTM), Internally:water decoction,9~15 grams, or prepared to pill, powder(CHMM).
1.Introduction of Fu Shen:Fu-shen or Poria cum Radice Pino.
2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).