Introduction of Hu Po:Amber or Succinum.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs tranquilizers.

 TCM Herbs Icon12 Introduction: herbs tranquilizers: also known as tranquilizer or tranquilizing herbs, an agent or substance herbs that calms the mind and relieves mental tension.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 12 Introduction: The herbs tranquilizers are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [16] kinds of common TCM herbs, [10] kinds of related plant species, [4] kinds of related fungus species, [12] kinds of related animal species, [4] kinds of related minerals, are recorded in this category. These herbs tranquilizers are briefly introduced separately:


Succinum Pin Yin Name: Hǔ Pò.
 English Name: Amber.
 Latin Name: Succinum.
 Property and flavor: neutral, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Succinum is a yellowish or brownish fossil resin, used as (1).a sedative for the treatment of insomnia, dream-disturbed sleep, palpitation and convulsion, and (2).as a diuretic and hemostatic for urodynia and hematuria due to acute urinary infection and urinary calculus. The herb is commonly known as Succinum, Amber, Hǔ Pò.

 Source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Succinum(Amber) as the hydrocarbons formed by ancient pine tree resin buried underground for long-term condensation. This commonly used herb is introduced as:

 Succinum:Amber Succinum(Amber):
 Description: It is commonly known as Hǔ Pò. In ancient China, amber was once known as Hǔ Pò(literally it means "the soul of a tiger"), Shòu Pò(literally it means "the soul of a beast"), Jiāng Zhū(literally it means "pearl in a river"), Wèi Yù(literally it means "lost jade"), the story said a tiger died and its soul enters into the ground and turns into a stone, or that amber is tears shed by a tiger, these legends contain speculation and pursue about the origin of the amber by ancient Chinese, suggests that ancient people think that the amber has functions of bring luck and avoid evil, quiet the house and calm down the spirit. And in the eyes of the ancient Emperors, amber also has a special significance, according to the records, "the emperor miscellaneous ornaments for the heaven altar with lapis lazuli, earth altar with amber, sun altar with coral, moon altar with turquoise."

 Succinum:Amber Amber is the pine cypress resin from the Mesozoic Cretaceous to Cenozoic tertiary, formed by geological processes and organic mixture. The formation of amber generally has three stages, the first stage is the resin secreted from the cypress pine tree, the second stage is the resin is buried deep, and petrification, resin composition, structure, and characteristics have changed significantly; The third stage is when the petrochemical resin is scoured, transported, deposited and diagenically formed into amber.

 Succinum:Amber Morphological characteristics: Amorphous, often tuberculous shape, tumor shape, small drop shape, more irregular granule, block, milk, and loose granule. Some, like the rings of a tree, have a radial texture; May contain animal remains, plant fragments, etc. The hardness of amber is low, texture light, astringent, moist, gem-like luster, and crystal, another characteristic of amber is it contains particularly rich inclusions, such as insects, plants, minerals, and so on. The colors are yellow, tan and red and yellow. Streaks white or light yellow. It has a resin sheen. Transparent to opaque. The fracture shell's shape is very significant, hardness is 2~2.5, specific gravity is 1.05~1.09. Its nature is extremely fragile. Friction electrification.

 Ecological environment: It mainly distributes in cretaceous and tertiary sandstone and coal bed sediments.

 Harvest storage: After digging out from the stratum or coal seam, remove sand, stone, soil, and other impurities. It is light and easy to store, perfect amber is highly collectible.

 Distribution: The natural amber distributes and is produced mainly from areas Baltic States, Burma, China, Dominican Republic, Mexico, etc.

 Characters of herbs: irregular block, clove shape, coarse granule. Lumps vary in size; They are 1~4.5 cm in diameter and 7 cm in length. Smooth or uneven surface, blood-red, pale yellow to light brown or dark brown, often alternate arrangement; Stripe white. Transparent to translucent. Resinous luster. It is light, crisp, and easily twisted. Smooth at the cross-section, with a glass-like luster. Friction, electrical, can attract bog rush or thin paper. Slightly turpentine, light flavor, fragile when chewing, no sense of sand. The block neat, red, crisp, cross-section bright is better.

 Pharmacological actions: The component succinic acid contained in the herb Amber has a central inhibitory effect, it also has a sedative effect, hypnosis, cooling effect, and anticonvulsive effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Relieving convulsion, calm the nerves(relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization), eliminating stasis to activate blood circulation, hematischesis(stanch bleeding), promoting diuresis for stranguria, remove nebula and improving eyesight(improving acuity of vision). It is indicated for infantile convulsions and epilepsy, palpitate with fear, insomnia(agrypnia, or lose sleep), bloody stranguria(stranguria complicated by hematuria), hematuria(blood urine), urinary stoppage, blood stagnation and amenorrhea, menostasis, postpartum abdominal pain stasis, abdominal mass and accumulation, nebula(slight corneal opacity), ulcer and sores, traumatic injury.

 Administration of Succinum(Hǔ Pò): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Succinum(Hǔ Pò)
TCM Books: N/A(CP),Internally:prepare to pill, powder,3~6 fen(about 0.9~1.8 grams). Externally:grinded into fine powder, point apply or sprinkle apply(DCTM), Internally:prepare to pill, powder,3~6 fen(about 0.9~1.8 grams). Externally:grinded into fine powder, point apply or sprinkle apply(CHMM).

  • 1.Introduction of Hu Po:Amber or Succinum.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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