陳念祖Chén Niànzǔ:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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陳念祖(Chén Niànzǔ).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 陳念祖(Chén Niànzǔ)Alias: 良有,修園(Liáng Yǒu,Xiū Yuán)
Popular name: 陳念祖(Chén Niànzǔ)English Name: Chen Nianzu, Nianzu Chen(Given/Family).
Hometown: Chang Le XianDates: about 1753~1823 AD.
Main works: 《南雅堂醫書全集》(Nan Ya Tang Yi Shu Quan Ji, or the Complete Collection of Medical Books of Nanyatang),etc.
Representative works: 《傷寒論淺註》(Shang Han Lun Qian Zhu, or the Shallow Notes on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases),《金匱要略淺註》(Jin Kui Yao Lue Qian Zhu, or the Shallow Notes on the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber),《傷寒醫訣串解》(Shang Han Yi Jue Chuan Jie, or the serial explain of medical secrets from the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases),《南雅堂醫書全集》(Nan Ya Tang Yi Shu Quan Ji, or the Complete Collection of Medical Books of Nanyatang).

Biography and legends:


 陳念祖Chén Niànzǔ 陳念祖(Chén Niànzǔ): alias 良有, 修園(Liáng Yǒu, Xiū Yuán), self-title 慎修(Shèn Xiū), a native of Changle County, born in a medical family, made up as a candidate of student in the Qianlong 51st year(the year 1786 AD), studied in Fuzhou Aofeng Academy since the Qianlong 52nd year(the year 1787 AD), studied with 蔡茗庄(Cai Mingzhuang), a famous herbalist in Quanzhou. Apart from working hard on classics and history, he also studied medicine and concentrated on studying ancient medical classics. Seeing the esoteric prose of the original book, he added superficial notes, or compiled a verse, wrote 《傷寒論淺註》(Shang Han Lun Qian Zhu),《長沙方歌括》(Chang Sha Fang Ge Kuo) and handed down. In the fifty-seventh year of Qianlong (1792), he passed the provincial civil service of imperial examination. Later, he took the metropolitan examination and did not achieve an official rank, and stayed in the capital. While the Guanglusiqin Yi Chaodong suffers from apoplexy, paralyzed hands and feet, can't take the soup, and the herbalists around are helpless. Nianzu helped with a large dose of prescription, he recovered, then Nianzu became famous. At the age of sixty-three in the Jiaqing 24th year(the year 1819 AD), he resigned to return home with old and sick, taught medicine in Changle Songshan Jingshang Humble Cottage, and had many disciples followed him. His sons 元豹(Yuanbao), 元犀(Yuanxi), grandson 子典(Zidian), granddaughter 心兰(Xinlan), and students 周易园(Zhou Yiyuan), 黄奕润(Huang Yirun), etc. all were known as herbalists.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Chen Nianzu absorbed the essence of ancient medicine theories, combined with his own clinical experience to apply and supplement, and made an important contribution to the popularization of medical theories. He has written many books in his life, including: 《神農本草經讀》(Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing Du,or the Readings of Shen Nong's Materia Medica), 《醫學三字經》(Yi Xue San Zi Jing, or the three character primer of medical science), 《時方妙用》(Shi Faang Miao Yong, or the magical applications of current prescriptions), 《長沙方歌括》(Chang Sha Fang Ge Kuo, or the Songs of Changsha's Prescriptions),《金匮方歌括》(Jin Kui Fang Ge Kuo, or the Songs of Prescriptions from the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), 《時方歌括》(Shi Fang Ge Kuo, or the Songs of the current prescriptions), 《醫學實在易》(Yi Xue Shi Zai Yi, or the Medical Science is really easy), 《醫學從眾錄》(Yi Xue Cong Zhong Lu, or the collection of medical science popularization), 《女科要旨》(Nv Ke Yao Zhi, or the Essentials of the Gynecology),《新方八陣砭》(Xin Fang Ba Zhen Bian, or the piercing of the new prescriptions eight array),《十藥神書註解》(Shi Yao Shen Shu Zhu Jie, or the annotations on the Miraculous book of Ten Recipes),《金匱要略淺註》(Jin Kui Yao Lue Qian Zhu, or the Shallow Notes on the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber),《傷寒醫訣串解》(Shang Han Yi Jue Chuan Jie, or the serial explain of medical secrets from the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases),《難經淺說》(Nan Jing Qian Shuo, or the Shallow Comments on the Difficult Classic),《傷寒醫方集註》(Shang Han Yi Fang Ji Zhu, or the Collective Annotations on prescriptions of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases),《座訂柯註傷寒論讀》(Zuo Ding Ke Zhu Shang Han Lun Du, or the Revised Edition of the Readings on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases by Ke Qin),《重訂活人百問》(Chong Ding Huo Ren Bai Wen, or the Revised One Hundred Questions from the Book of Nanyang for Life Saving),《新訂喻喜言醫案》(Xin Ding Yu Jia Yan Yi An, or the Newly Revised Yu Jia Yan's medical cases),《醫醫偶錄》(Yi Yi Ou Lu, or the occasionally records of herbalists),《傷寒真方歌括》(Shang Han Zhen Fang Ge Kuo, or the Songs of true prescriptions from the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases),《靈素節要篆註》(Ling Su Jie Yao Zhuan Zhu, or the Annotations on Ling Su Jie Yao), etc., over 30 kinds. Later generations combined 16 kinds of his works and compiled the book 《南雅堂醫書全集》(Nan Ya Tang Yi Shu Quan Ji, or the Complete Collection of Medical Books of Nanyatang), also known as 《陳修園醫書十六種》(Chen Xiu Yuan Yi Shu Shi Liu Zhong, or the Sixteen Kinds of Medical Books of Chen Xiuyuan), and published.

 《傷寒論淺註》(Shang Han Lun Qian Zhu, or the Shallow Notes on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), is a study work on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) compiled by Chen Nianzu, it was published in the Jiaqing 8th year(the year 1803 AD). The author believes that "Wang Shuhe's edition of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) has merits forever", so this book is based on the original text of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) edited by Wang Shuhe, and deleted the chapter titled normal pulse and pulse identification, prefaces of cold-induced disease cases, those applicable and not applicable, etc. The author praised Zhang Yin'an and Zhang Lingshao's annotations of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), divided them into chapters according to their edition styles. Praise the theory of manifestation, root cause and medial Qi from the two herbalists, he believes that the two herbalists(Zhang Yin'an and Zhang Lingshao) "explain the principles of the five movements and six climates, theory about the interaction of yin and yang, which are consistent with the purpose of reference with Su Wen, Jiu Juan and Yin Yang Da Lun mentioned by Zhong Jing in his preface." The feature of the compilation method is to add a small note to the original text, the annotations were collected from theories by Zhang Yin'an and Zhang Lingshao, essential explains from other schools, to explain the meanings of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

 《金匱要略淺註》(Jin Kui Yao Lue Qian Zhu, or the Shallow Notes on the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), a medical work written by Chen Nianzu, a total of ten volumes, it was published in the Jiaqing 8th year(the year 1803 AD). The six volumes in the book compile the main content of Zhang Zhongjing's Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), including the composition of prescriptions, functions, and indications, the dosage of herbs, and decoction methods, in the form of song formulas, highlighting the key points, concise and to the point.

 《傷寒醫訣串解》(Shang Han Yi Jue Chuan Jie, or the serial explain of medical secrets from the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), a study work on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) compiled by Chen Nianzu, six volumes. The author integrates various theories, mainly in the form of serial explains, to clarify his study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), hoping to make readers have a programmatic understanding of outlines of all articles of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). The original book was incomplete and lost articles, it was supplemented by his nephew 陳道著(Chen Daozhu) and published.

 《醫學實在易》(Yi Xue Shi Zai Yi, or the Medical Science is really easy), 8 volumes, it was compiled by Chen Nianzu and finished in the Jiaqing 13th year(the year 1808 AD). It is comprehensive medical work. The first volume is the basic theories of traditional Chinese medicine. Volumes 2 to 4 are about miscellaneous syndromes of internal medicine, volumes 5 to volume 7 are about the various syndromes. At the end of the volume is an addendum with various prescriptions, treatments, and prescriptions for gynecological diseases.

 《神農本草經讀》(Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing Du, or the Readings of Shen Nong's Materia Medica), a pharmacy works. It was known as 《本草經讀》(Ben Cao Jing Du, or the Readings of Shen Nong's Materia Medica) for short, four volumes, it was compiled by Chen Nianzu, the book was published in the Jiaqing 8th year(the year 1803 AD). The book compiles more than 100 kinds of herbs ever recorded in the Ben Jing(Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing, or the Shen Nong's Materia Medica), divided into three grades: the top grade, middle grade, and the lower grade. In addition, 46 kinds of herbs not ever recorded in the Ben Jing(Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing, or the Shen Nong's Materia Medica) are appended, which are respectively annotated and interpreted. In addition to the author's annotations, it collected the contents of herbal works 《本草崇原》(Ben Cao Chong Yuan, or the Chong Yuan Materia Medica) and 《本草經讀》(Ben Cao Jing Jie, or the Explains of Shen Nong's Materia Medica). There are a variety of modern publications that survived.

References:
  • 1.陳念祖Chén Niànzǔ:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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