章楠Zhāng Nán:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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章楠(Zhāng Nán).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 章楠(Zhāng Nán)Alias: 虛谷(Xū Gǔ)
Popular name: 章楠(Zhāng Nán)English Name: Zhang Nan, or Nan Zhang(Given/Family)
Hometown: Daoxu of ShangyuDates: Unknown, during 1770 to 1850 AD.
Main works: 《傷寒論本旨》(Shang Han Lun Ben Zhi, or the Primitive Principle of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases),《醫門棒喝》(Yi Men Bang He, or the Medical Alarms).
Representative works: 《傷寒論本旨》(Shang Han Lun Ben Zhi, or the Primitive Principle of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases),《醫門棒喝》(Yi Men Bang He, or the Medical Alarms).

Biography and legends:


 a portrait of 章楠Zhāng Nán 章楠(Zhāng Nán), alias 虛谷(Xū Gǔ), was born in Huiji, Zhejiang (today's Shaoxing). He was a herbalist ever lived during the late Qianlong period and Daoguang period of the Qing dynasty. He was frail and sick since he was a child. Zhang studied traditional Chinese medicine because of his illness, and he was addicted to the study of Chinese herbal medical science, and studied hard in Zhongjing's book, studied the theories of Confucianism and Buddhism, devoted himself to study, traced the source of origins, for over 30 years. After the initial ten years of learning, he didn't know the clues. Later, He read Ye Gui's medical records and was deeply enlightened, so he tried hard to study Ye's theories, and entered the gate of traditional Chinese medicine from it, his medical skills were greatly improved. He also tried to visit famous herbalists at other places, seek advice from famous herbalists, and have a deep study of the works of Liu Hejian, Zhu Danxi, Zhang Jingyue, Li Dongyuan, etc. Since then, his medical skills have been refined, theories from various schools have been forged, and has his theory. He is unique in the theory of warm disease and has become famous in the medical field for a while. Zhang Nan pays attention to the cultivation of medical theory, opposes the misinterpretation of medical theory with chapters and sentences, and dared to express his views on the predecessor's medical classics, and boldly diagnose and treat complicated diseases. He acted upright, had superb medical ethics with fine skills, often criticized that people are not good at their professions, make mistakes.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Zhang Nan praises the famous herbalist Ye Gui(Ye Tianshi) and Xue Xue(Xue Shengbai), has made great use of syndrome differentiation and treatment of warm disease. For the theories of herbalists Liu Hejian, Li Dongyuan, Zhu Danxi, Zhang Jingyue, etc., he is good at extracting the essence and can make pertinent comments.

 Zhang Nan’s works mainly are: he annotated 《葉天士外感溫熱論》(Ye Tian Shi Wai Gan Wen Re Lun, or the Exogenous Warm and Febrile disease theory by Ye Tianshi), as a treatment method for exogenous warm disease; he also annotated Xue Xue's book 《溫熱條辨》(Wen Re Tiao Bian, or the Entries Differentiation of Warm and Febrile Diseases), as a treatment method for summer-heat disease, as some supplement to make up the shortcoming of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). There is also a combined edition of 《醫門棒喝》(Yi Men Bang He, or the Medical Alarms) and 《傷寒論本旨》(Shang Han Lun Ben Zhi, or the Primitive Principle of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), in general, the two works were combined and compiled into one book 《醫門棒喝》(Yi Men Bang He, or the Medical Alarms). He left three books: 《醫門棒喝》(Yi Men Bang He, or the Medical Alarms), 《傷寒論本旨》(Shang Han Lun Ben Zhi, or the Primitive Principle of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases)(the second collection), 《靈素節註類編》(Ling Su Jie Zhu Lei Bian, or the Categorised Edition of notes on the Plain Question and the Spiritual Pivot)(the third collection), the third copy is relatively rare, and the first two collections are jointly published as 《醫門棒喝》(Yi Men Bang He, or the Medical Alarms).

 《傷寒論本旨》(Shang Han Lun Ben Zhi, or the Primitive Principle of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), a study work on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), nine volumes, it was compiled by Zhang Nan and finished in the year 1835 AD. In view the phrases of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) are concise and profound, the principles are subtle and difficult for readers to understand. Although there are many annotations, it is difficult to find those that are concise and appropriate. After many years of study, he took Fang Youzhi's book Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian(the entries' identification of Shang Han Lun) as a blue book and took his theory that wind affection hurt the Wei, cold affection hurt the Ying, wind and cold pathogens affect and hurt both Ying and Wei as the outline, expounding the syndromes of each channel, and finished the book in the year 1835 AD. Zhang praised Ye Tianshi and uses his medical theory to explain the key essence of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). He also learned widely and collect views from various schools to "identify the rationale theory, prove its error, to meet the primary purpose of Zhongjing", so "the primitive principle" is the title of the book. This book is also annotated with 《溫證論治》(Wen Zheng Lun Zhi, or the Syndrome Differentiation and Treatment of Warm disease syndromes) compiled by herbalist 顧景文(Gu Jingwen) as a treatment method for exogenous warm disease; and also annotated 薛雪(Xue Xue)'s book 《濕熱條辨》(Shi Re Tiao Bian, the treatise on differentiation and treatment of damp-heat diseases) as a treatment method for summer disease, to supplement some shortcomings of the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). The engraved block copy during the Qing dynasty survived till today.

References:
  • 1.章楠Zhāng Nán:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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