✵The article gives records of the herb Storax, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Liquidambar orientalis Mill., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Storax, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Pin Yin Name: Sū Hé Xiānɡ.
English Name: Storax.
Latin Name: Styrax.
Property and flavor: warm, pungent.
Brief introduction: The Herb Styrax is the purified, semi-fluid, viscid balsam obtained from the trunk of Liquidamber orientalis Miller(family Hamamelidaceae), used as an aromatic stimulant for treating loss of consciousness due to apoplexy, and also for relieving angina pectoris. The herb is commonly known as Styrax, Storax, Storesin, Oriental Sweetgum, Sū Hé Xiānɡ.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Styrax(Storax) as the purified, semi-fluid, viscid balsam(resins) obtained from the trunk of the species (1). Liquidambar orientalis Mill. It is a plant of the Acorus L. genus, the Araceae family of the Arales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Liquidambar orientalis Mill.
Botanical description: It is commonly known as Sū Hé Xiāng Shù. Trees, 10~15 m tall. Leaves alternate; With a long handle; Stipules small, caducous; Leaf blade palmately 5-lobed, occasionally 3-lobed or 7-lobed, lobes ovate or oblong-ovate, apex acute, base cordate, margin serrate. Flowers small, unisexual, monoecious, most into a round head, yellow-green. Inflorescence of male flowers arranged racemically; Male flowers without perianth, only bracts; Stamens mostly, anthers rounded, 2-locule, filaments short. Inflorescence of female flowers solitary; Drooping flower stalks; Perianth fine; Stamen degeneration; Pistil numerous, base connate, ovary semi-inferior, 2-locules, ovules numbered, 2 styles, curved. Fruit globose, ca. 2.5 cm in diameter, most capsules clustered, with persistent spinous style; Capsule apex beaked, dehiscent at maturity. 1 or 2 seeds, narrowly oblong, flattened, apex winged.
Ecological Environment: The tree originally grows in South Asia minor, such as Turkey, northern Syria region, now it is also introduced and cultivated in Guangxi and other southern areas of China.
Growth characteristics: The Liquidambar orientalis Mill prefers to grow in moist fertile soil.
Characters of herbs: The herb is semi-fluid thick liquid, brown or dark-brown, translucent. The texture is sticky, gelatinous when picked up, and continuous. It is heavier than water. The herb has an aromatic odor, it tastes bitter and spicy, sticky to teeth when chewed. The herb is soluble in 90% ethanol, glacial acetic acid, and slightly soluble in ether. The herb of better grade is sticky like caramel, delicate, translucent, shredded when pick up, free of impurities, and strongly fragrant.
Pharmacological actions: ①.anti-platelet aggregation; ②.cardiovascular effects; ③.antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.
Medicinal efficacy: Inducing resuscitation, clears the smut, expelling stagnation, eliminating phlegm, promoting the circulation of qi, relieves the pain. It is indicated for apoplexia, phlegm syncope, sudden fainting, convulsive epilepsy(frightened epilepsy), coma with qi disorder and obstructed by cold(syncope resulting from a disorder of vital energy), thoracic obstruction and heartache, cold pain in chest and abdomen, warm malaria(characterized by the patient's running a fever followed by feeling cold), dampness and turbidity with vomiting and dysentery, sudden pain in abdomen and chest, chilblain and scabies, etc.
Administration of Styrax(Sū Hé Xiānɡ):
Administration Guide of Styrax(Sū Hé Xiānɡ)
①.Internally:0.3~1 grams, better prepare to pill, powder; ②.Internally:0.3~1 grams, prepared to pill, powder;or soup, not add to decoction. Externally:proper amount, dissolve in ethanol or prepare to ointment or liniment, and apply smear.
Contraindications,Precautions and Adverse Reactions: the herb Styrax should forbidden using in conditions Yin deficiency with excessive fire.
Aromatic Stimulants Herbs.
Introduction: Aromatic Stimulants Herbs:also known as aromatic orifice-opening herbs, an agent or substance, fragrant in flavor, with a resuscitating effect, used for emergency treatment of impairment or loss of consciousness, also known as stimulant or orifice-opening herbs.