Introduction of Chuan Xin Lian:Common Andrographis Herb or Herba Andrographitis.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Common Andrographis Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Common Andrographis Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Herba Andrographitis(Common Andrographis Herb).

a flowering plant of Andrographitis Pin Yin Name: Chuān Xīn Lián.
 English Name: Common Andrographis Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Andrographitis.
 Property and flavor: cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Andrographitis is the dried aerial part of Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees., used to clear heat, counteract toxins, dry dampness and reduce swelling for the treatment of wind-heat afflictions, warm diseases at the early stage, heat in the lung with cough and dyspnea, lung abscess, damp-heat dysentery, and painful swelling of the throat. The herb is commonly known as Herba Andrographitis, Common Andrographis Herb, Chuān Xīn Lián.

 Botanical source: The herb Herba Andrographitis (Common Andrographis Herb) is the dried aerial part of (1). Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees., it is a plant of the Andrographis genus, the Acanthaceae family (acanthus family) of the Lamiales order. This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees.

 a plant of Andrographis paniculata with a pied whitish flower Botanical description: Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees is a plant of the Acanthaceae family (acanthus family) and Andrographis genus, it is also known as Justicia paniculata Burm.f., it is commonly known as Andrographis paniculata, or Common Andrographis Herb, Herb of Common Andrographis, Green chirayta, king of bitters, andrographis, Chuān Xīn Lián or Yuán Zhuī Xū Yào Cǎo (means coniform palp herb). An annual herb. The stem is upright, with 4 edges, and many-branched, nodes are slightly swollen and easily broken. Leaves are opposite; leaf blades are lanceolate or oblong oval, the apex is acuminate, the base is cuneate, the margin is sinuolate, and both surfaces are glabrous.

 flowering plant of Andrographis paniculata grow in field with small flowers Racemes are terminal and axillary, integrated to large panicles; bracts and bracteoles are small and tiny, lanceolate; the calyx has glandular hairs; corolla is mauve (lilac), bilabiate, the upper lip is excurved, 2-lobed, lower lip is upright, 3-lobed, lobes are imbricated, corolla tube is equal length as labellum; 2 stamens, stretch out, anther is 2-loculed, one anther cell is large and another is small, large anther cell base is covered with beard hairs, filaments are piliferous.

 Capsularfruit is oblate, oblong oval, about 1 cm long, with a groove in the middle, slightly covered with glandular hairs. 12 seeds, square, seed has wrinkles. Its flowering period is from September to October, and the fruiting period is from October to November.

 Ecological environment: The plant grows in the wild of tropical and subtropical areas. This species is native to Southeast Asia, and it is also planted in the south warm areas of the Yangtze River, in China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Andrographis paniculata prefers a high temperature and humid climate. It prefers sufficient sunshine and fertile soil. The suitable temperature for seed germination and seedling growth is 25-30 °C (Celsius, or 77~86 degrees Fahrenheit), and the growth is slow when the temperature drops to 15-20 °C (Celsius, or 59~68 degrees Fahrenheit). When the temperature decreases to about 8 °C (Celsius, or 46.4 degrees Fahrenheit), the plant growth will be stopped. In case of low temperature or frost around 0 °C (Celsius, or 32 degrees Fahrenheit), the plants are withered. It is advisable to cultivate the plant in fertile, loose, acid and neutral sandy loam with good drainage. It still grows normally in the alkaline soil of pH (pH scale:acidity-basicity) value 8.0.

 dried herb segments and pieces of Common Andrographis Herb Characters of herbs: The stem of the herb is square column-shaped, and many branched, 50~70 cm long, with slightly enlarged nodes; the texture of the herb is crisp and easily broken. Leaves are opposite, petioles are short or subsessile; leaves are shriveled and fragile, and the intact ones are lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate after flattening, 3~12 cm long, and 2~5 cm wide, the apex is acuminate, the base is cuneate and decurrent, entire or sinuolate; the upper surface is green, the undersurface is celadon (sage green), and both surfaces are smooth. The herb has a slight odor, and it tastes extremely bitter.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibitory effect on pneumococcus, staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bacillus dysenteriae, etc.; ②.improve the phagocytosis of white blood cells; ③.stop the mouse early pregnancy, middle pregnancy, late pregnancy and other different stages of pregnancy; ④.anti-inflammatory effects; ⑤.protective effects on the experimental myocardial injury; ⑥.anti-snake venom; ⑦.anti-tumor; ⑧.antipyretic; ⑨.sedative; ⑩.choleric, and other effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and detoxification, cool blood, detumescence (reduce swelling), purging fire, drying dampness. It is indicated for fever of cold, wind-heat cold, warm disease and fever, sore throat swelling pain, sores of mouth and tongue, lung heat and cough, sudden cough and over-strained cough, diarrhea and dysentery, acute bacillary dysentery, gastroenteritis, pyretic stranguria and pain, cold, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, whooping cough, pulmonary abscess (lung abscess), tuberculosis, cholecystitis, high blood pressure, epistaxis (nose bleeding), mouth, swelling and pain in mouth and pharynx, swelling and pain in the throat, sore furuncle carbuncle swelling, damp-heat jaundice, stranguria, erysipelas, eczema, burns of water and fire, venomous snake bite.

 Administration of Herba Andrographitis (Chuān Xīn Lián): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Andrographitis (Chuān Xīn Lián)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:6~9 grams.Externally:proper amount; ②.Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian (about 9~15 grams), or prepare to finely ground herb powder.Externally:smear with water decoction,or prepare to finely ground herb powder and apply stick; ③.Internally:water decoction, 9~15 grams, big dosage could be 30~60 grams; prepare to finely ground herb powder, 0.6~3 gram each time,swallow capsule or take with water.Externally:proper amount, mashed or prepare to paste and smear at the affected area, or drop to eyes,ear with water decoction.




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