Introduction of Chuan Xin Lian:Common Andrographis Herb or Herba Andrographitis.
✵The article gives records of the herb Common Andrographis Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Common Andrographis Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
- Herba Andrographitis(Common Andrographis Herb).
Pin Yin Name: Chuān Xīn Lián.
English Name: Common Andrographis Herb.
Latin Name: Herba Andrographitis.
Property and flavor: cold, bitter.
Brief introduction: The herb Herba Andrographitis is the dried aerial part of Andrographis paniculata(Burm.f.) Nees(family Acanthaceae), used to clear heat, counteract toxins, dry dampness and reduce swelling for the treatment of wind-heat afflictions, warm diseases at the early stage, heat in the lung with cough and dyspnea, lung abscess, damp-heat dysentery, and painful swelling of the throat. The herb is commonly known as Herba Andrographitis, Common Andrographis Herb, Chuān Xīn Lián.
Botanical source: The herb Herba Andrographitis(Common Andrographis Herb) is the dried aerial part of (1). Andrographis paniculata(Burm.f.) Nees., it is a plant of the Andrographis genus, the Acanthaceae(acanthus family) family of the Lamiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees.
Botanical description: The Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees., is a plant of the Acanthaceae family and Andrographis genus, it is commonly known as "Andrographis paniculata", or "Common Andrographis Herb, Herb of Common Andrographis, Green chirayta, king of bitters, andrographis", or "Chuan Xin Lian". Annual herbs. Stem erect, 4-wood, much branched, nodes branched, nodes slightly swollen, easily broken. Leaves opposite; Leaf blade lanceolate elliptic, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin shallow, both surfaces glabrous.
Racemes terminal and axillary, integrated large panicles; Bracts and bracteoles small, lanceolate; Calyx glandular hairs; Corolla lilac, bilip, upper lip and bracteoles tiny, lanceolate; Calyx glandular hairs; Corolla mauve, bilabial, upper lip hill, 2 cleft, lower lip erect, 3 lobes, lobes imbricate, corolla tube and lip equal length; 2 stamens, outstretched, 2 locules, locules are large and small, large base with whiskers, filaments hairy. Capsule fruit oblong, long elliptic, ca. 1 cm long, with a han in the middle, minute glandular hairs. 12 seeds, square. Its flowering period is from September to October, fruit period is from October to November.
Ecological environment: The plant grows in the wild of tropical, subtropical areas. It is also planted in the south warm areas of the Yangtze river, China.
Growth characteristics: The plant Andrographis paniculata prefers a high temperature and humid climate. It prefers sun and fertile soil. The suitable temperature for seed germination and seedling growth is 25-30℃, and the growth is slow when the temperature drops to 15-20℃. The temperature decreased to about 8℃, and the growth stopped. In case of low temperature or frost around 0℃, the plants all withered. It is advisable to cultivate in fertile, loose, and well-drained acid and neutral sandy loam. It still grows normally in the alkaline soil of pH 8.0.
Characters of herbs: The stem of the herb is square column-shaped, multi-branched, 50~70 cm long, with slightly enlarged nodes; The texture of the herb is crisp and easily broken. Leaves are opposite, petiole is short or subsessile; The leaves are shriveled and fragile, and the intact ones are lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate after flattening, with a length of 3~12 cm and a width of 2~5 cm, with the apex gradually tapering, the base cuneiform downward, whole edge or wavy; The upper surface is green, the back surface is grayish green, and both surfaces are smooth. The herb has a slight odor, it tastes extremely bitter.
Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibitory effect on pneumococcus, staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bacillus dysenteriae, etc.; ②.improve the phagocytosis of white blood cells; ③.stop the mouse early pregnancy, middle pregnancy, late pregnancy and other different stages of pregnancy; ④.anti-inflammatory effects; ⑤.protective effects on the experimental myocardial injury; ⑥.anti-snake venom; ⑦.anti-tumor; ⑧.antipyretic; ⑨.sedative; ⑩.choleric, and other effects.
Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and detoxification, cool blood, detumescence(reduce swelling), purging fire, drying dampness. It is indicated for fever of cold, wind-heat cold, warm disease and fever, sore throat swelling pain, sores of mouth and tongue, lung heat and cough, sudden cough and over-strained cough, diarrhea and dysentery, acute bacillary dysentery, gastroenteritis, pyretic stranguria and pain, cold, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, whooping cough, pulmonary abscess(lung abscess), tuberculosis, cholecystitis, high blood pressure, epistaxis(nose bleeding), mouth, swelling and pain in mouth and pharynx, swelling and pain in the throat, sore furuncle carbuncle swelling, damp-heat jaundice, stranguria, erysipelas, eczema, burns of water and fire, venomous snake bite.
Administration of Herba Andrographitis(Chuān Xīn Lián):
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Andrographitis(Chuān Xīn Lián) TCM Books: ①.Internally:6~9 grams.Externally:proper amount;②.Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams), or grinded into fine powder.Externally:smear with water decoction,or grinded into fine powder and apply stick;③.Internally:water decoction, 9~15 grams, big dosage could be 30~60 grams; grinded to fine powder, 0.6~3 gram each time,swallow capsule or take with water.Externally:proper amount, mashed or prepare to paste and smear at the affected area, or drop to eyes,ear with water decoction.
- Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.
Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.
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