Introduction of Di Fu Zi:Belvedere Fruit or Fructus Kochiae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Belvedere Fruit, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Kochia scoparia(L.)Schrad., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Belvedere Fruit, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Fructus Kochiae(Belvedere Fruit).

Fructus Kochiae:herb photo Pin Yin Name: Dì Fū Zǐ.
 English Name: Belvedere Fruit.
 Latin Name: Fructus Kochiae.
 Property and flavor: cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Fructus Kochiae is the dried ripe fruit of Kochia scoparia(L.) Schrad.(family Chenopodiaceae), used to clear damp-heat in cases of bladder damp-heat with stranguria, and to relieve the itch in cases of urticaria, eczema, and pruritus. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Kochiae, Belvedere Fruit, Dì Fū Zǐ.

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Kochiae(Belvedere Fruit) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1). Kochia scoparia(L.) Schrad. It is a plant of the Kochia genus, the Chenopodiaceae family of the Centrospermae order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Kochia scoparia(L.)Schrad.

 Kochia scoparia L.Schrad.:growing plant Botanical description: It is commonly known as Kochia scoparia, or Dì Fū. Annual herbs, 50~100 cm tall. The root is spindle-shaped. Stem erect, terete, pale green or purplish red, most ribbed, slightly pubescent or slightly glabrous below; Branches sparsely oblique. Leaves flat, lanceolate or striate lanceolate, 2~5 cm long, 3~9 mm wide, glabrous or slightly glabrous, apex shortly acuminate, base tapering into stipitate, usually with 3 distinct main veins, margin sparsely rust-colored sericulate margin; Stem upper leaves smaller, sessile, 1 veined.

 Kochia scoparia L.Schrad.:growing plant Flowers bisexual or female, usually 1~3 in upper leaf axils, forming a sparsely spicate panicle, flowers sometimes rust-colored villous; Perianth subglobose, pale green, perianth lobes subtriangular, glabrous or apex slightly hairy; Wing terminal appendage triangular to obovate, sometimes subfan-shaped, membranous, veins not apparent, margin microwave or with lacunae; Filaments filamentous, anthers pale yellow; 2 stigmas, filiform, purple-brown, style extremely short.

 Pericarp oblate globose, pericarp membranous, free from seed. Seeds ovate, dark brown, 1.5~2 mm long, slightly lustrous; Embryo ring, endosperm block. Its flowering period is from June to September, fruiting from July to October.

 Growth habit: The Kochia scoparia has strong adaptability, and is fond of warm, light, drought, and cold. It is not strict with the soil requirements, but more resistant to alkaline soil. Fertile, loose, contain humus much loam benefit exuberant growth of Kochia scoparia.

 Kochia scoparia L.Schrad.:growing shrub Ecological environment: The plant grows in the wilderness, the edge of the field, roadside, planted in the garden. It was native to Europe, central and southern Asia. The plant distributes in Asia, Europe. It also distributes in africa, Siberia, ussuri, zeea-brea.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Kochia scoparia prefers a warm and humid climate, drought resistance, turn towards the sun. It is advisable to choose sunny soil with rich humus and good drainage for cultivation.

 Belvedere Fruit:herb photo Characters of herbs: The utricle of the herb is oblate pentagram-shaped, with a diameter of 1~3 mm, covered by a persistent perianth. The surface is grayish-green or light-brown, with 5 triangular membranous winglets around it, and 5~10 protruding punctate fruit stalk marks and radial veins in the center of the back. After peeling off the perianth, the membranous pericarp can be seen, which is translucent. Seeds are oblate, about 1 mm long, black. The herb is odorless, tastes slightly bitter. The herb of better grade is full and gray-green.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibitory effect on various dermatophytes; ②.prompt diuresis; ③.inhibit the mononuclear phagocyte function; ④.anti-inflammatory effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clearing heat and remove dampness through diuresis, clearing heat and dampness, prompt diuresis, dispel the wind and relieve itching. It is indicated for difficulty and pain in micturition(difficulty in urination and painful urination), difficult urination, pruritus vulvae, leukorrhea, gonorrhea, dripping turbidities, bloody flux(bloody dysentery, dysentery with bloody stool), hernia, rubella(urticaria), sore poison, eczema, scabies, pruritus(itch of skin), wet and itchy at genital region.

 Administration of Fructus Kochiae(Dì Fū Zǐ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Fructus Kochiae(Dì Fū Zǐ)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:9~15 grams.Externally:proper amount,fumigation wash with water decoction;②.Internally:water decoction,2~5 qian(about 6~15 grams), or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:wash with water decoction;③.Internally:water decoction,6~15 grams,or prepared to pill, powder.Externally:proper amount,wash with water decoction.
 Precautions and Adverse Reactions: should not combine the herb Fructus Kochiae with Ootheca Mantidis.

Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Diuretics.

 Introduction: Herbs Diuretics: also known as damp-draining diuretic herbs,an agent or substance herbs that increases urine excretion and water discharge for treating internal retention of dampness.
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