Introduction of Di Fu Zi:Belvedere Fruit or Fructus Kochiae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Diuretics.

 TCM Herbs Icon09 Introduction: Herbs Diuretics: also known as damp-draining diuretic herbs,an agent or substance herbs that increases urine excretion and water discharge for treating internal retention of dampness.

 
Fructus Kochiae(Belvedere Fruit).

Fructus Kochiae Pin Yin Name: Dì Fū Zǐ.
 English Name: Belvedere Fruit.
 Latin Name: Fructus Kochiae.
 Property and flavor: cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Fructus Kochiae is the dried ripe fruit of Kochia scoparia(L.) Schrad.(family Chenopodiaceae), used to clear damp-heat in cases of bladder damp-heat with stranguria, and to relieve the itch in cases of urticaria, eczema, and pruritus. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Kochiae, Belvedere Fruit, Dì Fū Zǐ.

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Kochiae(Belvedere Fruit) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1). Kochia scoparia(L.) Schrad. It is a plant of the Kochia genus, the Chenopodiaceae family of the Centrospermae order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

(1).Kochia scoparia(L.)Schrad.


 Kochia scoparia L.Schrad. Botanical description: It is commonly known as Kochia scoparia, or Dì Fū. Annual herbs, 50~100 cm tall. The root is spindle-shaped. Stem erect, terete, pale green or purplish red, most ribbed, slightly pubescent or slightly glabrous below; Branches sparsely oblique. Leaves flat, lanceolate or striate lanceolate, 2~5 cm long, 3~9 mm wide, glabrous or slightly glabrous, apex shortly acuminate, base tapering into stipitate, usually with 3 distinct main veins, margin sparsely rust-colored sericulate margin; Stem upper leaves smaller, sessile, 1 veined.

 Kochia scoparia L.Schrad. Flowers bisexual or female, usually 1~3 in upper leaf axils, forming a sparsely spicate panicle, flowers sometimes rust-colored villous; Perianth subglobose, pale green, perianth lobes subtriangular, glabrous or apex slightly hairy; Wing terminal appendage triangular to obovate, sometimes subfan-shaped, membranous, veins not apparent, margin microwave or with lacunae; Filaments filamentous, anthers pale yellow; 2 stigmas, filiform, purple-brown, style extremely short.

 Pericarp oblate globose, pericarp membranous, free from seed. Seeds ovate, dark brown, 1.5~2 mm long, slightly lustrous; Embryo ring, endosperm block. Its flowering period is from June to September, fruiting from July to October.

 Growth habit: The Kochia scoparia has strong adaptability, and is fond of warm, light, drought, and cold. It is not strict with the soil requirements, but more resistant to alkaline soil. Fertile, loose, contain humus much loam benefit exuberant growth of Kochia scoparia.

 Kochia scoparia L.Schrad. Ecological environment: The plant grows in the wilderness, the edge of the field, roadside, planted in the garden. It was native to Europe, central and southern Asia. The plant distributes in Asia, Europe. It also distributes in africa, Siberia, ussuri, zeea-brea.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Kochia scoparia prefers a warm and humid climate, drought resistance, turn towards the sun. It is advisable to choose sunny soil with rich humus and good drainage for cultivation.

 Characters of herbs: The dried fruits are oblate, 5-pointed stars, 1~3 mm in diameter and 1 mm in thickness. Outer for persistent perianth, membranous, apex 5-lobed, lobes triangular, dirt grayish-green or light brown; Some have 5 small triangular wings, arranged as a five-pointed star. The center of the top face has a stigma remnant mark, the base has round dot shape fruit stalk mark, and 10 or so radial edges. Perianth is easy to peel, inside 1 small nut, horizontal, pericarp translucent membrane qualitative, have dot shape pattern, also easy to peel, the seed is brown, flat, shape resembles sesame seed, under enlarge lens, visible surface has dot shape pattern, center is slightly concave, edge is slightly raised, inside horseshoe shape embryo, flaxen, oily, endosperm white. Slight smell, slightly bitter taste. In grey-green. The herb which is full, no branches and leaves impurities is better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibitory effect on various dermatophytes; ②.prompt diuresis; ③.inhibit the mononuclear phagocyte function; ④.anti-inflammatory effect.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clearing heat and remove dampness through diuresis, clearing heat and dampness, prompt diuresis, dispel the wind and relieve itching. It is indicated for difficulty and pain in micturition(difficulty in urination and painful urination), difficult urination, pruritus vulvae, leukorrhea, gonorrhea, dripping turbidities, bloody flux(bloody dysentery, dysentery with bloody stool), hernia, rubella(urticaria), sore poison, eczema, scabies, pruritus(itch of skin), wet and itchy at genital region.

 Administration of Fructus Kochiae(Dì Fū Zǐ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Fructus Kochiae(Dì Fū Zǐ)
TCM Books: Internally:9~15 grams.Externally:proper amount,fumigation wash with water decoction(CP),Internally:water decoction,2~5 qian(about 6~15 grams), or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:wash with water decoction(DCTM),Internally:water decoction,6~15 grams,or prepared to pill, powder.Externally:proper amount,wash with water decoction(CHMM).

 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Di Fu Zi:Belvedere Fruit or Fructus Kochiae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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