Introduction of the Auscultation and olfaction method of TCM Diagnostics.
✵The Auscultation and olfaction is one of the four examinations of TCM Diagnostic methods, hearing and smelling, the auscultation is listening to the patient's voice, sounds of breathing, coughing,etc, smelling means smelling odors, or special attention to unusual smells.
The main content of Auscultation and olfaction are introduced as:auscultation, smelling odors.
Introduction of Auscultation and olfaction.
Introduction about the Auscultation and olfaction: The Auscultation and olfaction are one of the four examinations of TCM Diagnostic methods, hearing and smelling, the auscultation is listening to the patient's voice, sounds of breathing, coughing, etc, smelling means smelling odors, or special attention to unusual smells.
✵Auscultation:listening to the patient's voice, sounds of breathing, coughing, etc.
✵Voice:sounds formed by a person speaking.
✵Deep turbid voice:a change of voice due to nasal congestion in cases of colds.
✵Faint low voice:a change of voice in a condition of deficiency.
✵Hoarseness:rough and harsh voice.
✵Loss of voice:failure to speak above a whisper.
✵Delirious speech:disordered speech in delirium.
✵Unconscious murmuring:a sign indicating consumption of heart Qi with mental confusion.
✵Soliloquy:talking to oneself during the absence of others, a sign of insufficient heart Qi with mental derangement.
✵Paraphrasia:a type of dysphasia in which the patient frequently employs wrong words or uses words in wrong and senseless combinations, and is aware of the mistakes after uttering them.
✵Somniloquy:talking while asleep, often caused by heart fire, gallbladder heat or disharmonious stomach Qi.
✵Raving:furious, incoherent and irrational utterance, seen in mania.
✵Dysphasia:impeded speech with lack of coordination and difficulty in arranging words in the proper order.
✵Breathing:the process of drawing air into and expelling it from the lung.
✵Coarse breathing:breathing that often indicates an excess condition.
✵Feeble breathing:that often indicates insufficiency of lung and kidney Qi.
✵Dyspnea:difficult or labored breathing.
✵Dyspnea with reversed flow of Qi:a complex expression of dyspnea.
✵Ascent of Qi:dyspnea with quick breaths due to obstruction of the airway which causes upward flow of air to the throat.
✵Shortness of breath:panting with quick breaths, occurring both in deficiency and excess conditions.
✵Asthenic breathing:synonymous with feeble breathing, occurring only in deficiency condition.
✵Cough with reversed ascent of Qi:cough and dyspnea with quick breaths due to obstruction of the airway by phlegm.
✵Inability to lie flat:dyspnea while lying down, relieved by assuming an upright position.
✵Panting:labored breathing with short quick breaths.
✵Wheezing dyspnea:difficult and labored breathing with a continuous sound in the airway. also known as wheezing.
✵Phlegm wheezing:wheezing due to obstruction of the airway by phlegm.
✵Sighing:taking a long deep breath that can be heard.Frequent sighing indicates stagnation of live Qi.
✵Cough:sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lung, resulting from failure of lung Qi in descending, abnormal ascending or rushing up of lung Qi or phlegm in the air passage.
✵Deep turbid cough:cough that sounds heavy and harsh, indicating excess lung syndrome.
✵Clear crisp cough:cough that indicates dryness-heat.
✵Muffled cough:cough that sounds indisinctly, usually due to the presence of thick phlegm in the air passage, indicating heat syndrome of the lung.
✵Barking cough:cough that sounds sharp and harsh, specifically in cases of inflammation of the throat, particularly diphtheria.
✵Dry cough:cough with little or no sputum, indicating lung dryness or yin deficiency.
✵Chronic cough:long-lasting or continually recurring cough, also known as chronic cough.
✵Smelling odors:one of the diagnostic methods with special attention to unusual smells.
✵Stink:horrid and offensive smell as given off by stools in cases of steotorrhea or from cancerous discharge.
✵Mouth breath:often referring to malodorous breath.
✵Offensive breath:bad smell of breath that often indicates presence of stomach heat.
✵Halitosis:fetid breath, often indicating dyspepsia, tooth decay or unclean oral cavity.
✵Sour foul smell of breath:an abnormal smell of breath that indicates dyspepsia.
1.Introduction of the Auscultation and olfaction method of TCM Diagnostics.