✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.
✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.
✵The TCM Fundamental Theories are majorly composed of the Theory of Essence and Qi, Theory of Yin and Yang, Theory of Five-Elements, Correspondence between Human and the Universe, Theory of Zang-Fu Viscera, Theory of Sense Organs and Structures, Theory of Qi,Blood,Essence and Body Fluids, Causes of Disease Theory, Mechanism of Disease Theory, etc.
Causes of Disease Theory:Introduction.
Introduction:Causes of Disease Theory:the causes of disease theory is about the theory of the disease cause, or that which produces disease, including various disease factors, pathogens, abnormal weather changes, seven and five emotions, etc.
✵Cause of disease: the cause of disease is that which produces disease.
✵Three categories of etiological factors: exogenous, endogenous, and non-exo-engogenous, an ancient classification of causes of disease.
✵Exogenous factors: etiological factors that originate outside the body, referring chiefly to the six excessive and untimely climatic influences and pestilential pathogens.
✵Endogenous factors: etiological factors that arise within the body, referring chiefly to excessive emotional changes.
✵Non-exo-endogenous factors: etiological factors other than the exogenous and endogenous ones, referring chiefly to such factors as improper diet, overwork, trauma, sexual overindulgence, animal bite, etc.
✵Pathogenic Qi: evil Qi, factors that are harmful to the body and capable of causing disease.
✵Pathogen: evil, abbreviation of pathogenic or evil qi.
✵Exogenous pathogens: pathogenic factors from without, including the six excesses and various infectious factors.
✵Intruding pathogen: pathogenic factor from without, same as exogenous pathogens.
✵Seasonal pathogen: a general designation for the pathogenic factors causing seasonal diseases.
✵External affection: external contraction, catching or developing a disease caused by any of the exogenous pathogens.
✵Six Qi: (1).the six vital substances for human life:essence, Qi, nutrient, fluid, blood and vessels,(2).the six climatic influences:wind, cold, summer heat, dampness, dryness, and fire.
✵Six excesses: (1).the six excessive or untimely climatic influences as exopathogenic factors:wind, cold, summer heat, dampness, dryness, and fire,(2).the six pathogenic factors: wind, cold, heat, dampness, dryness, and fire either exogenous or endogenous.
✵Excessive Qi: excessive climatic influence or overabundance of Yin or Yang of the body which causes disease.
✵Abnormal weather changes of the four seasons: those which are unfavorable to the normal growth and development of living beings and often cause disease.
✵Pestilential Qi: also known as pestilential pathogen, pathogen that causes a wirulent contagious or infectious disease.
✵Epidemic toxin: another name for pestilential pathogen.
✵Abnormal Qi: another name for pestilential pathogen.
✵Impure Qi: another name for pestilential pathogen.
✵Prevalent pestilential pathogen: pathogen that causes an epidemic of pestilence.
✵Malign Qi: (1).a general term for pathogenic Qi, including the six excesses and pestilential factors,(2).a pathological product derived from stagnation of Qi and blood.
✵Evil wind: wind as a pathogenic factor that invades an unprotected body.
✵Yin pathogens: (1).pathogenic factors of Yin nature,i.e.,cold and dampness, which tend to impede and injure Yang,(2).pathogenic factors that attack the Yin meridians.
✵Yang pathogens: (1).pathogenic factors of Yang nature,i.e.,wind, summer heat, dryness and fire, which tend to take the form of heat and injure Yin(body fluid and essence),(2).pathogenic factors that attack the Yang meridians.
✵Combined pathogen: a combination of two or more pathogenic factors invading the human body simultaneously.
✵Latent Qi: (1).latent pathogen, another name for latent pathogen,(2).an abbreviation of latent pathogen disease, i.e.,a warm disease caused by a latent pathogen.
✵Latent pathogen: pathogen concealed in the body, which causes disease after an incubation period, also known as latent Qi.
✵Wind: (1).one of the six excesses as a pathogenic factor, also known as pathogenic wind,(2).abbreviation of wind syndrome.
✵Pathogenic wind: full name of wind as a pathogenic factor.
✵Wind Qi: (1).wind as one of the natural climatic influences,(2).wind as a pathogenic factor.
✵Wind-phlegm: (1).a syndrome marked by vertigo, numbness, and hemiplegia,(2).pathogenic factor that causes such a syndrome.
✵Internal wind: or endogenous wind,(1).a morbid condition caused by excessive heat or deficiency of blood or essence and marked by dizziness, fainting, convulsion, tremor, numbness, hemiplegia, etc., also known as liver wind,(2).pathogenic factor that produces such a condition.
✵External wind: or exogenous wind, one of the six excesses as a pathogenic factor.
✵Wind affection: (1).syndrome of Taiyang meridian affected by wind,(2).common cold.
✵Cold: (1).one of the six excesses as a pathogenic factor, also known as pathogenic cold,(2).abbreviation of cold syndrome, usually marked by aversion to cold, cold limbs, preference for warmth, loose stool, pale tongue with whitish coating, etc.
✵External cold: exogenous cold,(1).cold pathogen from outside in an external contraction.(2).outer manifestation of Yang-Qi insufficiency such as cold limbs and aversion to cold.
✵Internal cold: endogenous cold,(1).a morbid condition caused by Yang-Qi insufficiency of the internal viscera, especially of the kidney and spleen, marked by watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, cold limbs, intolerance of cold, and slow and sunken pulse,(2).pathogenic factor that produces such a condition.
✵Direct attack of cold: attack of cold directly to the stomach and intestines, marked by abdominal pain, borborygmi and diarrhea, accompanied by chills or cold limbs.
✵Cold in the middle energizer: morbid condition caused by deficiency of the spleen and stomach Yang, marked by abdominal pain which can be relieved by warmth, intolerance of cold, cold limbs, loss of appetite, and loose bowels.
✵Summer-heat: one of the six excesses as a pathogenic factor, which exists only in summer and brings on symptoms such as fever, headache, thirst, fidgetiness, sweating, and rapid gigantic pulse, also called summer Qi or pathogenic summer-heat.
✵Summer Qi: summer heat as a pathogenic factor.
✵Pathogenic summer-heat: summer heat as a pathogenic factor, often abbreviated as summer heat.
✵Summer heat: (1).same as spathogenic summer heat,(2).heat syndrome due to invasion of pathogenic summer-heat.
✵Summer-damp: (1).a combined pathogenic factor in summer causing fever with stuffy sensation in the chest and epigastrium, and yellow greasy tongue coating,(2).disease caused by summer heat and dampness.
✵Dampness: or damp,(1).one of the six excesses as a pathogenic factor, which is apt to disturb the flow of Qi and normal functioning of the spleen and stomach, also known as damp Qi,(2).pathological product due to disordered water metabolism, which may in turn become a pathogenic factor, also known as endogenous dampness.
✵Damp Qi: damp as a pathogenic factor.
✵Damp turbidity: turbid damp, a synonym of damp Qi, so named because of the turbid and sticky property of pathogenic damp.
✵Pathogenic damp: damp as a pathogenic factor, often abbreviated as damp.
✵External dampness: or exogenous dampness, a pathogenic factor attacking a person living and working in damp places, bringing on symptoms such as headache as if the head were tightly bound, lassitude, heaviness in the limbs, fullness in the chest, joint pains and swelling with sensation of heaviness.
✵Internal dampness: or endogenous dampness,(1).retention of water within the body caused by deficiency of spleen and kidney Yang with disturbance in the water metabolism and distribution, manifested by loss of appetite, diarrhea, abdominal distension, oliguria and edema,(2).the pathological product due to disordered water metabolism, which turns into a pathogenic factor affecting the function of the internal viscera, particularly the spleen and stomach.
✵Water Qi: (1).pathogenic factor derived from water retention in a case of kidney insufficiency and causes edema,(2).edema.
✵Dryness: (1).one of the six pathogenic factors, which prevails in autumn and impairs body fluid, bringing on dryness of the nasal cavity, parched lips, dry cough, constipation, etc, called also dryness Qi,(2).abbreviation of dryness syndrome.
✵Dryness Qi: dryness as a pathogenic factor.
✵Pathogenic dryness: dryness as a pathogenic factor.
✵Cool-dryness: (1).disease marked by a syndrome of wind-cold together with dryness,(2).pathogenic factor that causes such a disease.
✵Warm-dryness: (1).disease marked by a syndrome of wind-heat together with dryness,(2).pathogenic factor that causes such a disease.
✵Dryness-heat: pathogenic heat transformed from dryness.
✵Dryness-fire: pathogenic fire transformed from dryness.
✵External dryness: also known as exogenous dryness, climatic influence as a pathogenic factor marked by dryness.
✵Internal dryness: also known as endogenous dryness,(1).syndrome of dryness due to consumption of body fluid,(2).pathological condition resulting from fluid consumption as a pathogenetic factor for the development of complications.
✵Fire: (1).one of the five elements,(2).physiological energy of life,(3).one of the six excesses as a pathogenic factor,called also pathogenic fire,(4).pathological manifestation of intense heat such as flushed face, bloodshot eyes or acute local inflammation, resulting from excessive functional activities, immoderate emotional influences or affection by various pathogenic factors.
✵Pathogenic fire: fire as a pathogenic factor.
✵Heat: (1).one of the six excesses as a pathogenic factor of the same property as fire, called also pathogenic heat,(2).an abbreviation of heat syndrome, usually marked by fever, aversion to heat, thirst with desire for cold drinks, scanty concentrated urine, constipation, reddened tongue with yellow coating, and rapid pulse.
✵Pathogenic heat: heat as a pathogenic factor.
✵Warmth-heat: (1).pathogenic factor causing febrile diseases, same as pathogenic warmth and pathogenic heat. In the strict sense, pathogenic warmth attacks insidiously, causes milder diseases and prevails in winter and spring, while pathogenic heat causes severe disease with sudden onset and prevails in summer,(2).warm-heat disease, any epidemic febrile disease, same as febrile disease.
✵Warm pathogen: a collective term for various pathogens causing acute febrile disease.
✵Wind-warm: (1).wind and warm combined as a pathogenic factor,(2).disease caused by wind-warm pathogen.Also known as wind-warm pathogen.
✵Wind-cold: (1).wind and cold combined as a pathogenic factor, also known as pathogenic wind-cold, which causes marked chilliness with mild fever, headache, general aching, nasal congestion and discharge, and floating, tense pulse when invading the exterior of the body,(2).abbreviation of wind-cold syndrome,i.e.,syndrome caused by attack of wind and cold in combination.
✵Wind-heat: (1).wind and heat combined as a pathogenic factor, also known as pathogenic wind-heat, which causes high fever with slight aversion to wind, mild thirst, and floating, rapid pulse when invading the exterior of the body,(2).abbreviation of wind-heat syndrome,i.e.,syndrome caused by attack of wind and heat in combination.
✵Wind-fire: wind and fire combined as a pathogenic factor.
✵Wind-damp: (1).wind and damp combined as a pathogenic factor, also known as pathogenic wind-damp, which often blocks the collateral meridians, causing general aching, arthralgia and impaired movements,(2).abbreviation of wind-damp syndrome,i.e.,syndrome caused by attack of wind and damp in combination.
✵Wind-cold-damp: combined pathogenic factor of wind, cold and dampness, which often causes rheumatic and rheumatoid arthritis, also known as pathogenic wind-cold-damp.
✵Cold-damp: (1).combined pathogenic factor of cold and damp that often causes muscle and joint pains,(2).abbreviation of cold-damp syndrome.
✵Damp-heat: (1).combined pathogenic factor of damp and heat,(2).abbreviation of damp-heat disease or damp-heat syndrome.
✵Damp-fire: fire that comes from stagnant damp and impairs spleen and stomach Yin.
✵Wind-dryness: (1).combined pathogenic factor of wind and dryness, generally prevailing in autumn,(2).abbreviation of wind-dryness syndrome.
✵Dryness-heat: (1).combined pathogenic factor of dryness and heat, also known as dryness-fire,(2).abbreviation of dryness-heat syndrome.
✵Dryness-fire: (1).combined pathogenic factor of dryness and fire,(2).abbreviation of dryness-fire syndrome.
✵Toxin: acommon pathogenic factor in pyogenic inflammations.
✵Heat toxin: toxin derived from retained pathogenic heat.
✵Fire toxin: (1).toxin that originates from stagnation of pathogenic fire or heat, mostly occurring in inflammations of external diseases,(2).toxin that causes infection of burns.
✵Damp toxin: toxin that comes from retained damp and causes an intractable lesion with abundant exudation.
✵Cold toxin: pathogen of cold-induced diseases.
✵Measles toxin: the pathogen that causes measles.
✵Endogenous toxin: toxin arising inside the body, which may cause abscess, eruption, bleeding, and even impairment of consciousness.
✵Fetal toxicosis: toxic fire affecting the fetus, which causes a variety of inflammatory or eruptive diseases of the infant after birth.
✵Parasitic toxin: the pathogenic factor that causes diseases marked by tympanites and ascites.
✵Internal injury: (1).a general term for the pathogenic factors that impair the internal viscera.(2).a term designating injury to the deep tissue or internal viscera.
✵Seven emotions: joy, anger, worry, anxiety, sadness, fear and fright, taken as endogenous factors causing diseases if in excess.
✵Five emotions: a collective term for joy, anger, anxiety, grief and fear, which may turn into fire if in excess.
✵Joy: one of the seven emotions that in excess may make the heart Qi sluggish, resulting in absent-mindedness, and even mental disturbance.
✵Anger: one of the seven emotions that excess may cause the liver Qi to ascend, resulting in headache, flushed face, blood-shot eyes, or hematemesis, and even sudden fainting.
✵Worry: (1).one of the seven emotions, which often arises together with anxiety, and in excess may cause injury to the spleen,(2).grief:deep sorrow that may injure the lung.
✵Anxiety: one of the seven emotions that in excess may cause stagnation of spleen Qi, resulting in anorexia, abdominal distension, and loose stool.
✵Sadness: one of the seven emotions that in excess may consume lung Qi, resulting in shortness of breath, listlessness and fatigue.
✵Fear: one of the seven emotions that in excess may cause kidney Qi to sink, resulting in incontinence of urine and stool, or even syncope.
✵Fright: one of the seven emotions that in excess may disturb heart Qi, resulting in palpitations or spirit confusion.
✵Five emotions in excess: excessive joy, anger, anxiety, grief and fear may disturb the normal flow of Qi and blood of the internal viscera, causing morbid conditions.
✵Transformation of the five emotions into fire: uncontrolled overflow of the five emotions(joy, anger, anxiety, grief and fear) may disturb the natural flow of Qi and injure genuine Yin, giving rise to fire symptoms, such as irritability, insomnia, bitterness in the mouth, chest pain, and hemoptysis.
✵Evil fire: pathogenic or pathological fire as opposed to physiological fire.
✵Stagnancy-fire: fire derived by stagnancy of Yang Qi.
✵Six kinds of stagnancy: stagnancy of Qi, blood, dampness, fire, phlegm(mucus) and food.
✵Improper diet and overstrain: a group of pathogenic factors that cause internal injuries, including dietary irregularities, abnormal degree of fatigue, etc.
✵Improper diet: diet harmful to health, including ingestion of raw, cold or unclean food, voracious eating or excessive hunger, predilection for a special food, alcohol addiction, etc.
✵Unclean food: food contaminated by disease-carrying substances.
✵Overindulgence in raw and cold food: eating too much cold and uncooked food, which is apt to impair the functions of the spleen and stomach.
✵Rich food: food containing a large amount of fat and spices, which may produce phlegm and heat.
✵Flavor partiality: also known as flavor predilection, habitual preference for a particular flavor or taste that may give rise to disease,e.g.,partiality for pungent food that induces oral ulceration, constipation and hemorrhoids.
✵Addiction: habitual preference.
✵Alcohol addiction: alcoholism, in which dependence is present.
✵Overstrain: abnormal degree of fatigue brought about by excessive activity.
✵Excess of sexual activity: excessive sexual intercourse that consumes kidney essence.
✵Intemperance in sexual acticity: synonymous with excess of sexual activity.
✵Sexual consumption: exhaustion due to sexual overindulgence.
✵Relapse due to fatigue: relapse of disease due to over-fatigue.
✵Relapse due to sex: relapse of disease due to intemperance in sexual life.
✵Relapse due to diet: relapse of disease due to improper diet.
✵Knocks and falls: injury from knocks and falls.
✵Burns and scalds: hurt from burns and scalds.
✵Insect or animal bite: bite by insect or animals.
✵Rabid dog bite: bite by dog.
✵Stagnant blood: a pathological product of blood stagnation, including extravasted blood and blood moving sluggishly in circulation or congested in a viscus, all of which may turn into pathogenic factors.
✵Phlegm: (1).pathologic secretions of diseased respiratory viscera, also known as "phlegm visible" since it is visible especially the spleen, which, in turn, may cause various troubles,e.g., nausea and vomiting when the stomach is affected, palpitation, impairment of consciousness or even mania when the heart is invaded, and scrofula when accumulating subcutaneously, also known as "phlegm invisible" in these cases.
✵Visible phlegm: phlegm in the respiratory tract, especially the sputum expectorated.
✵Invisible phlegm: phlegm that exists in the body except the respiratory tract.
✵Damp-phlegm: phlegm as a pathogenic factor produced by long-standing retention of dampness due to deficiency of spleen Qi, which brings on such symptoms as profuse frothy sputum, nausea, fullness in the chest, cough and dyspnea, and plump tongue with slippery or greasy coating, also known as phlegm-damp.
✵Phlegm turbidity: a term referring chiefly to stagnated phlegm, particularly phlegm that causes apoplexy, epilepsy or mania.
✵Pertinacious phlegm: phlegm existing persistently, serving as the cause of a stubborn illness.
✵Retained fluid: (1).a general term for various type of retained-fluid syndromes,(2).pathogenic factor that causes such syndromes.
✵Turbid pathogen: pathogenic damp-turbidity.
✵Filthy turbidity: a common term for various turbid pathogens and filthy Qi, including miasma.
✵Poisoning: illness caused by a poison.
✵Attack of noxious factor: a condition occurring in children, characterized by sudden onset of syncope or mental disorder.
✵Non-acclimatization: illness due to temporary unadaptability of a person to the climate of a new dwelling place, with symptoms such as loss of appetite, abdominal distension, diarrhea, menstrual complaints in women, etc.
✵Parasitic worms: worms living in the human body, especially in the intestines.
✵Miasma: noxious mountainous vapor alleged to be the cause of malaria, also known as toxic miasma or mountainous miasma.
✵Congenital defect: imperfection existing before birth.
✵Lack of proper care after birth: not proper care after birth.