成無己Chéng Wújǐ:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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成無己(Chéng Wújǐ).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 成無己(Chéng Wújǐ)Alias: 
Popular name: 成無己(Chéng Wújǐ)English Name: Cheng Wuji, or Wuji Cheng(given/family)
Hometown: Liao SheDates: about 1063~1156 AD.
Main works: 《註解傷寒論》(Zhu Jie Shang Han Lun, or the Treatise on Exogenous Febrile Diseases with Notes) 10 volumes, 《傷寒明理論》(Shang Han Ming Li Lun, or the Concise Exposition of Cold-induced Disease) 3 columes, 《傷寒明理藥方論》(Shang Han Ming Li Yao Fang Lun, or the Prescriptions of the Concise Exposition of Cold-induced Disease) 1 volume.
Representative works: 《註解傷寒論》(Zhu Jie Shang Han Lun, or the Treatise on Exogenous Febrile Diseases with Notes).

Biography and legends:


 a portrait of 成無己Chéng Wújǐ 成無己(Chéng Wújǐ), his years are approximately 1063~1156 AD, native to Liaoshe in the Song Dynasty, a famous herbalist ever lived during the end of the North Song Dynasty and the beginning of the Jin Dynasty. He was born approximately between Jiayou and Zhiping years in the Northern Song Dynasty (about year 1056~1067 AD), until the year Zhenglong Yihai ~ Bingzi years(1155~1156 AD), Cheng's still alive. He was more than ninety years old before passing by. Cheng is fond of learning in his whole life. He spent 40 years to study the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). When he was 78 years old, he wrote and finished the books 《傷寒明理論》(Shang Han Ming Li Lun) and 《傷寒明理藥方論》(Shang Han Ming Li Yao Fang Lun), and finished the annotations on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) and compiled the book 《註解傷寒論》(Zhu Jie Shang Han Lun, or the Treatise on Exogenous Febrile Diseases with Notes) till he was 80 years old. Especially for the annotations of the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), after 40 years of study, this book was compiled, it can be seen that he is the first herbalist to comprehensively annotate the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) and one of the main representatives of the Shang Han school(the school of theory on exogenous febrile disease).

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Cheng Wuji is the author of three kinds of works on the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), they are Shang Han Ming Li Lun(the Concise Exposition of Cold-induced Disease) 3 columes, Shang Han Ming Li Yao Fang Lun(the Prescriptions of the Concise Exposition of Cold-induced Disease) 1 volume, and Zhu Jie Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Exogenous Febrile Diseases with Notes) 10 volumes. These three kinds of annotation books have annotations, arguments and discussions, and prescriptions, which promote the spread and development of the Shang Han doctrine(the theory of exogenous febrile disease). In his book Zhu Jie Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Exogenous Febrile Diseases with Notes), Cheng Wuji used the theories of Nei Jing(the Inner Canon) and Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic) as a guide to analyze its pathogenesis, treatment principles, prescriptions, etc., so that the Inner Canon, the Difficult Classic and the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases are in the same continuous line and fully conforms to the original intent of Zhong Jing's book. It has become one of the main annotations for later generations of herbalists to study the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

 Cheng Wuji was proficient in medical science and good at clinical practice. He was one of the masters who studied Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) during the Song and Jin period. His three kinds of works on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) have annotations, discussions and arguments, and prescriptions. They stand on separately and closely related, and complement each other. Cheng is a master extremely knowledgeable and self-achieved by his own indepth study. He used the commentary on the classics and proved the classics via discussions, created a precedent to study the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) by the method of annotation, so that later generations can understand the principles of the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) and the applications of it, and promote spreading and development of the theory. The ten volumes of Zhu Jie Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Exogenous Febrile Diseases with Notes) written by him are the earliest extant full annotated version of the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). So he was honored with an important historical position in the development history of Chinese medicine.

References:
  • 1.成無己Chéng Wújǐ:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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