程應旄Chéng Yīngmáo:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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程應旄(Chéng Yīngmáo).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 程應旄(Chéng Yīngmáo)Alias: 郊倩(Jiāo Qiàn)
Popular name: 程應旄(Chéng Yīngmáo)English Name: Cheng Yingmao, Yingmao Cheng(Given/Family).
Hometown: Xin AnDates: Unknown, about middle to late of 17th century.
Main works: 《傷寒論後條辨》(Shang Han Lun Hou Tiao Bian),《傷寒論贅余》(Shang Han Lun Zhui Yu),《醫徑句測》(Yi Jing Ju Ce).
Representative works: 《傷寒論後條辨》(Shang Han Lun Hou Tiao Bian),《傷寒論贅余》(Shang Han Lun Zhui Yu),《醫徑句測》(Yi Jing Ju Ce).

Biography and legends:


 程應旄Chéng Yīngmáo 程應旄(Chéng Yīngmáo), his alias is 郊倩(Jiāo Qiàn), his years of birth and passing away are unknown, a native of Xin'an, Anhui, and a herbalist in the early period of the Qing dynasty, his life was unknown in details, ever lived during about the middle to the late period of the 17th century. He is one of the important commentators of the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Cheng Yingmao praised Zhongjing's theory, studied the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) in fine details during his life, and proposed that the four studies of "exterior interior, Zang and Fu-viscera" should be used to read the book. The key to diagnosis is in the pulse. He drew on the strong points of 喻昌(Yu Chang) and 方有執(Fang Youzhi) from their compilation of the entries of the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), followed by categorizing and organizing, elaborate with his views, and compiled the book 《傷寒論後條辨》(Shang Han Lun Hou Tiao Bian), the book was also known as 《傷寒論後條辨直解》(Shang Han Lun Hou Tiao Bian Zhi Jie), 15 volumes, finished in the year 1670 AD, and attached the original text of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), Fang Youzhi's works Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian(the entries' identification of Shang Han Lun), and Yu Chang's works 《尚論篇》(Shang Lun Pian), which is very convenient for reference. Until the tear 1672 AD, he wrote and finished another book named 《傷寒論贅余》(Shang Han Lun Zhui Yu), in 1 volume, to supplement the unfinished discussions of the previous book. In addition, there is another book by him, named 《醫徑句測》(Yi Jing Ju Ce, or the Medical Path by Sentence Test). His disciple 玉钰(Yù Yù) inherited his medical skills and studies.

 The book 《傷寒論後條辨》(Shang Han Lun Hou Tiao Bian, or the post entries' identification of Shang Han Lun), is a book about the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), another name of the book is 《傷寒論後條辨直解》(Shang Han Lun Hou Tiao Bian Zhi Jie, or the direct explain on the post entries' identification of Shang Han Lun), 15 volumes, it was compiled by 程應旄(Chéng Yīngmáo) and was finished in the year 1670 AD. The book is divided into six sets: ritual, music, shooting, imperial, book, and counting. Based on the contents of Fang Youzhi's works Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian(the entries' identification of Shang Han Lun), according to his understanding of Zhongjing's original text, Cheng stated in the preface that "differentiate what it is, and listed entries by orders", and attached Zhongjing's original text and Fang Youzhi's works Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian(the entries' identification of Shang Han Lun), and Yu Chang's works 《尚论篇》(Shang Lun Pian), for readers to refer to and review. The annotations of the whole book have certain elaborations based on previous herbalists. The theories of Fang Youzhi and Yu Chang are praised academically, and the author thinks the edition and the order of arrangement by Wang Shuhe have mistakes. However, the contents of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) by Wang Shuhe were basically preserved, only adding five discussions at the beginning part. The author thinks that the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) established principles for hundreds of diseases. He pointed out and stated that: "Zhongjing did not intend to teach people to treat Shang Han(the cold-induced disease) according to his method, but to teach people to identify Shang Han according to his method; not only teach people to identify(diseases) from Shang Han alone, but to teach people to identify(diseases) combined with miscellaneous diseases." The annotations carry on better, but not essential enough. As later herbalist 汪琥(Wang Hu) pointed out in his works《傷寒論辨證廣註》(Shang Han Lun Bian Zheng Guang Zhu): "Too much claver, quotes from hundreds of schools of classics and histories and even from jokes and songs, everything...".

 The book 《醫徑句測》(Yi Jing Ju Ce, or the Medical Path by Sentence Test) is a traditional Chinese medicine work on diagnosis and treatment by 程應旄(Chéng Yīngmáo) of the Qing dynasty. It was compiled and finished until the Kangxi 9th year(the year 1670 AD), it gave an introduction about the pulse diagram and the prescriptions in the diagram of the book 《松崖醫徑》(Song Ya Yi Jing, or the Pine Cliff Medical Path).

References:
  • 1.程應旄Chéng Yīngmáo:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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