程知Chéng Zhī:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.
✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.
Cheng Zhi, or Zhi Cheng(Given/Family).
Unknown,about early to middle of 17th century.
《醫經理解》(Yi Jing Li Jie).
《醫經理解》(Yi Jing Li Jie).
Biography and legends:
程知(Chéng Zhī), his alias is 扶生(Fú Shēng), was born in Haiyang (today's Chaozhou, Guangdong). He was a famous herbalist in the Qing dynasty. The years of his birth and death are unknown. He is the author of 《醫經理解》(Yi Jing Li Jie, or the Medicine Classics and Understandings). Cheng's main academic view is to advocate the theory about life gate.
Main books and academic thoughts:
The book 《醫經理解》(Yi Jing Li Jie, or the Medicine Classics and Understandings) is a traditional Chinese medicine work written by 程知(Chéng Zhī) of the Qing dynasty, it was compiled and finished till the Shunzhi 10th year(the year 1653 AD). The book integrates the author’s study on the ancient works Nei Jing(the Inner Canon) and lists them into nine categories: Zang Fu Bian(Differentiation explain of Zang and Fu viscera), Jing Luo Jie(the Explanation of the Meridians and Channels), Xue Ming Ju(the Explanation of the Acupoints), Gu Bu Jie(the Explanation of the Bone department), Mai Xiang Jie(the Explanation of the Pulse manifestations), Mai Li Jie(the Explanation of the Pulse theory), Wang Se Jie(the Explanation of Color and Complexion Inspection), Bing Ming Jie(the Explanation of disease names), Yao Ming Jie(the Explanation of the medicine names). There are eleven illustrations at the beginning part of the book, mainly about the Zang and Fu-viscera, the Triple Energizer, the life gate, the pericardium channel, etc. It gave a detailed discussion with the pulse conditions recorded in the book Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), including the strange pulse, the critical pulse condition(critical pulse manifestation), the pulse of eight extra-channel, the pulse of Yun Qi, the feminine pulse, and the pediatric pulse, analyze them one by one. Among them, Bing Ming Jie(the Explanation of disease names) discusses the 27 diseases and syndromes which were recorded in the ancient works Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), all of which are discussed with the cause and etiology, etc. in detail; Yao Ming Jie(the Explanation of the medicine names) classified the herbs which were recorded in Nei Jing(the Inner Canon) into nine departments: jade and stone, grass, wood, animal, insects and fish, fruit, rice and grains, vegetables, etc., which are divided into three categories: the top grade, the middle grade, and the low grade. The book is characterized by interpreting scriptures combined with medical theory.
Cheng's main academic view is to advocate his theory of life gate. His theory of life gate was recorded in the book Yi Jing Li Jie(the Medicine Classics and Understandings).
1.程知Chéng Zhī:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.