郭雍Guō Yōng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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郭雍(Guō Yōng).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 郭雍(Guō Yōng)Alias: 子和(Zǐ Hé)
Popular name: 白雲先生(Bái Yún Xiān Sheng, or White Cloud Teacher.)English Name: Guo Yong, or Yong Guo(Given/Family)
Hometown: Xia ZhouDates: about 1106~1187 AD.
Main works: 《傷寒補亡論》(Shang Han Bu Wang Lun, or the Recovery Supplement of Shang Han Lun) 20 volumes, co-authors of 《大易粹言》(Dai Yi Cui Yan, or the Essential Discussions of the I Ching) 10 volumes.
Representative works: 《傷寒補亡論》(Shang Han Bu Wang Lun, or the Recovery Supplement of Shang Han Lun).

Biography and legends:


 郭雍Guō Yōng 郭雍(Guō Yōng), his alias is 子和(Zǐ Hé), was born in a family with belief of Confucian school, his forefather was native to Luoyang. His father is loyal and filial, ever was assigned an official career to Taizhong Dafu, a disciple of 程頤(Cheng Yi), has an indepth research on Zhou Yi(the I Ching), author of 《易說》(Yi Shuo), self-titled 兼山先生(Jian Shan Xian Sheng), had a self-biography. Guo Yong passed on from his father's study, learned the secular affairs, lived in Xiazhou (today's Yichang of Hubei), lived as a hermit in the mountain valleys, self-title 白雲先生(Bai Yun Xian Sheng, or While Cloud Teacher).

 In the Qiandao years(the year 1165~1173 AD), he was recommended to the imperial court but not accepted an assignment, and then he was given the title of 冲晦处士(Chonghui Chushi). The emperor Xiaozong knows familiarly about his virtuous deeds, and praises him to ministers, and asks local officials to send him gifts with greetings when festival comes. Later, a title 颐正先生(Gu Zheng Xian Sheng) was conferred upon by the emperor, and officials was sent to ask Guo Yong what he wanted to say, which was recorded and handed in. Therefore, Yong lived till his eighty-three years age.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 At the beginning of Chunxi years(the year 1174~1189 AD, Chunxi is the reign title of Xiao Zong emperor of Song Dynasty), scholars gathered articles from scholars of Zhou Yi, including 程顥(Chéng Hào), 程頤(Chéng Yí), 張載(Zhāng Zài), 遊酢(Yóu Zuò), 楊時(Yáng Shí), 郭忠孝(Guō Zhōngxiào), and 郭雍(Guō Yōng), and compiled a book of Zhou Yi named 《大易粹言》(Dai Yi Cui Yan, or the Essential Discussions of the I Ching), published.

 Guo Yong is very fond of Zhongjing's book, and his study of it has been deepening. Because of the incompleteness of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), he used discussions from ancient books Su Wen(the Plain Questions of Huangdi's Internal Classic), Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic), Qian Jin Fang(the Invaluable Prescriptions), Wai Tai Mi Yao(the Medical Secrets of an Official) and other books, and also supplemented with theories from herbalists 朱肱(Zhū Gōng), 龐安時(Páng ānshí), 常器之(Chang Qizhi) and others, in the year 1181 he finally compiled the book 《伤寒补亡论》(Shang Han Bu Wang Lun, or the Recovery Supplement of Shang Han Lun), in 20 volumes.

 《傷寒補亡論》(Shang Han Bu Wang Lun, or the Recovery Supplement of Shang Han Lun), is a book on the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), in twenty volumes (the sixteenth that lost in the Ming Dynasty, other nineteen volumes are survived till today). Its author is 郭雍(Guō Yōng) of the Song Dynasty, and it was finished in the year 1181 AD. In view of the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) that the author saw at that time was incomplete, he took discussions from other ancient books introduced above, and theories from other herbalists introduced above, to compile and supplement it, and combined his personal opinions as supplements. His unique insights often surpass other schools. So the title was "Bu Wang Lun"(the Recovery Supplement). The edition arrangement order of this book is different from the general version of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), and the content has also been expanded. In the aspect of compiling the lost literatures, has its certain contribution. However, the style of this book is miscellaneous, Zhongjing's original text and later annotations are mixed with each other, and the original source cannot be verified, which is the defect of the book.

References:
  • 1.郭雍Guō Yōng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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