黃玉璐Huáng Yùlù:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
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Huang Yulu, or Yulu Huang.
about 1705~1758 AD.
《傷寒懸解》(Shang Han Xuan Jie),《金匱懸解》(Jin Kui Xuan Jie),《四聖懸樞》(Si Sheng Xuan Shu),《四聖心源》(Si Sheng Xin Yuan),《長沙藥解》(Chang Sha Yao Jie),《傷寒說義》(Shang Han Shuo Yi),《素靈微蘊》(Ling Su Wei Yun),《玉揪藥解》(Yu Jiu Yao Jie),《素問懸解》(Su Wen Xuan Jie),《靈樞懸解》(Ling Shu Xuan Jie),《難經懸解》(Nan Jing Xuan Jie),《周易懸象》(Zhou Yi Xuan Xiang),《道德經懸解》(Dao De Jing Xuan Jie),《玉揪子堂稿》(Yu Jiu Zi Tang Gao).
《傷寒懸解》(Shang Han Xuan Jie),《金匱懸解》(Jin Kui Xuan Jie), etc.
Biography and legends:
黃玉璐(Huáng Yùlù), his alias is 元禦(Yuán Yù), so later generation called him 黃元禦(Huáng Yuányù), self-title 研農(Yan Nong). Born in Huangjia Xin Ge Village, Changyi City, his years of birth and passing away is about 1705~1758 AD, a well-known herbalist of the Qing dynasty and a representative of the Zunjing School(the loyal to classics school). He was also an imperial physician of Emperor Qianlong. Huang was born into a scholarly family. He is known for his talent and wisdom, dedicated to academic research. Unfortunately, when he was thirty years old, he suffered from a disease of the eye and was mistaken by a quack physician. Since then, He has deeply felt the importance of medicine, gave up his study as a candidate of imperial examination, "study the secrets of Linglan(the Inner Canon), read Zhongjing’s Shang Han(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases)", and compared classics such as Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic), Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber) and other classics. Studying hard, seeking the source, combining theory with practice, and finally becoming a famous herbalist, is inseparable from his solid foundation in literature, history, and philosophy.
Main books and academic thoughts:
There are fourteen kinds of his works survived till today, eleven are medical books, 《傷寒懸解》(Shang Han Xuan Jie),《金匱懸解》(Jin Kui Xuan Jie),《四聖懸樞》(Si Sheng Xuan Shu),《四聖心源》(Si Sheng Xin Yuan),《長沙藥解》(Chang Sha Yao Jie),《傷寒說義》(Shang Han Shuo Yi),《素靈微蘊》(Su Ling Wei Yun),《玉揪药解》(Yu Jiu Yao Jie),《素問懸解》(Su Wen Xuan Jie),《靈樞懸解》(Ling Shu Xuan Jie),《難經懸解》(Nan Jing Xuan Jie)., and there are three non-medical works 《周易懸象》(Zhou Yi Xuan Xiang),《道德經懸解》(Dao De Jing Xuan Jie),《玉揪子堂稿》(Yu Jiu Zi Tang Gao), etc., Huang is familiar with the study of Huang Di and Lao Tzu and is proficient in Yi-ology, the ancient works Zhou Yi(the Book of Changes) did not directly talk about medicine. It is until the Ming dynasty, Zhang Jingyue directly believed that medicine is the study of the human body with Yi-ology, incorporated medicine study into the Yi-ology system. Huang is another medical scientist who is also proficient in Yi-ology after Zhang Jingyue.
Huang Yulu is academically superb, unconventional, and dares to make innovations, he is a courageous and knowledgeable scholar. There are only 21 years from the beginning of his medical studies until his passing away. Apart from the learning period and clinical practice, he has completed 14 books. Looking at Huang's works and analyzing his academic thoughts, he praised Qibo, Huangdi, Qin Yueren, and Zhang Zhongjing, and called them "Si Shen(the Four Sages)", praised their works are "glorious as the Sun and Moon". He has incisive views on Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic), Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), and he ever proposed that "theory should follow Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), methods should follow Zhong Jing, herbs should follow Ben Jing(Shen Nong's Materia Medica)."
《傷寒懸解》(Shang Han Xuan Jie), fifteen volumes, it was compiled and finished in the Qianlong 13th year(the year 1748 AD). The main theme of the book stated that as the acupuncture method was lost, Zhang Ji of the Han dynasty wrote Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) to treat exogenous diseases. Its theory is the theories from Qi Bo, Huang Di, Qin Yueren, and its method is modified and flexible according to the methods from Qi Bo, Huang Di, Qin Yueren. Establish the six channels to treat Shang Han(the cold-induced diseases), to follow the Six Qi. Make decoctions and pills to treat Shang Han(the cold-induced diseases) and protect the five flavors. In addition, the chapters are mostly due to a lack of correct order, so he explained the pulse methods, channels in detail, examine their changes, and discussed the compatibility and incompatibility of herbs. Those false and disordered articles and entries in the old text from his knowledge, were corrected by him one by one.
《四聖心源》(Si Sheng Xin Yuan, or the Source of the Four Sages' Hearts), ten volumes, which was finished in the Qianlong 18th year(the year 1753 AD). Huang has already annotated and explained the five books, Su Wen(the Plain Questions), Ling Shu(the Spiritual Pivot or Divine Axis), Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic), Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber). Reconstructing its purpose, and writing this book. This is a comprehensive medical book that focuses on clinical medicine and combines basic theories. It is also a medical book that integrates medicine study, medical skills, and the art of healing. Huang's academic thoughts can be glimpsed in this book. Based on the theory of "Heaven and Man in One" in the Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), Huang focuses on the "Explain of Heaven and Man", "Explain of Yuan Qi", and "Explain of Six Qi". In "Explain of Overtaxation and Injury", he tried his best to explain his academic viewpoint of "praise Yang while lowering Yin", and opposed the theory of "Take Yin precious while taking Yang inferior". His words were too extreme but promoted academic controversy so that various theories were brought into play, which promoted the development of medicine study. The book Si Sheng Xin Yuan(the Source of the Four Sages' Hearts) aims to promote the great achievements of the Four Sages (Huangdi, Qi Bo, Qin Yueren, and Zhongjing), and interpret the essence of the classical works by the Four Sages. In this book, Huang put forward the viewpoint of "pivot movement"(circular movement) and explained it in detail, advocating Qi transforming theory, focusing on Zhong Qi(the middle Qi) first, and four dimensions (the heart, lung, liver, kidney viscera). The purpose is highlighted, the medicine is concise, the compatibility is accurate, and it is in line with the clinical practice. The book is rigorous in structure, well-organized, refined in writing, and unique in style. It can be called an essence copy of Huang's books.
《金匱懸解》(Jin Kui Xuan Jie, or the Suspense of the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), twenty-two volumes, it was finished in the Qianlong 18th year(the year 1753 AD). Huang stated: Jin Kui(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber) cures miscellaneous diseases, the main purpose is to support the Yang Qi, and it is the basis of transportation and transformation, when the nourishing Yin theory wins out, after that, the theory that Yang rises from Yin, the Yin was from descending of Yang, there is no explains, thus explain the meanings and compiled the book. The explanation is quite detailed in the four-diagnosis and nine-readings.
《長沙藥解》(Chang Sha Yao Jie, or Prescription Explain of Changsha), four volumes, it was compiled and finished in the Qianlong 18th year(the year 1753 AD). According to the 130 prescriptions from the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), and 75 prescriptions from the book Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), combined the herbs from the two books, there are total 160 kinds of herbs are used. Each of the herbs is analyzed and compiled, the name and property of the herb are used as the outlines, the prescriptions which use this herb are set as items. The meaning of the syndromes and indications is quite detailed, to create a new path and set a precedent for the study of the properties of herbs.
《傷寒說義》(Shang Han Shuo Yi, or the Meanings Explanation of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), eleven volumes, it was compiled and finished in the Qianlong 19th year(the year 1754 AD). Based on the text of his book 《傷寒懸解》(Shang Han Xuan Jie), Huang understood that his concise meaning is beyond common reader's knowledge scope, so he combined Zhongjing's main ideas, and then wrote this book to open the way for beginners to learn Shang Han(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).
《素靈微蘊》(Su Ling Wei Yun, or the Latent in the Plain Questions and the Spiritual Pivot), four volumes, it was compiled and finished in the Qianlong 19th year (the year 1754 AD). Ten chapters contents include Tai Hua(transformation in the fetus), Zang Xiang(visceral manifestation), Jing Mai(meridians and collaterals), Yingwei(the Ying system and Wei system), Zang Hou(the readings of viscera), five colors, five tones, inspection diagnosis methods, diagnosis methods, and prescriptions. There are also 16 chapters on disease discussions, and many records are attached. Although he commented not positively on many famous herbalists of the past dynasties, it is a valuable medical work that integrates theory with practice.
《玉揪藥解》(Yu Jiu Yao Jie, or the Yu Jiu Herbs Explain), four volumes, it was compiled and finished in the Qianlong 19th year(the year 1754 AD). The book stated that: the herbal classics or Materia Medica of various schools, some theory could be used, some could not be used, selected them as this book. Therefore, later generations have commented: It is mostly high-ranking, and wants to drive through the ages, so established many strange questions for the old theories, to innovate, and to solve it alone.
About the books 《素問懸解》(Su Wen Xuan Jie),《靈樞懸解》(Ling Shu Xuan Jie),《難經懸解》(Nan Jing Xuan Jie), according to the Si Ku Quan Shu(Complete Library in the Four Branches of Literature), Huang believes that the eighty-one articles Su Wen(the Plain Questions), after the Qin and Han dynasties, it was written on bamboo slips and silk and passed down, repeated changes, not without confusion, he made corrections, and compiled the book Su Wen Xuan Jie, 13 volumes. At the same time, for "there are mistakes in the texts from the handed down copy" so he compiled the book Ling Shu Xuan Jie in nine volumes, and for "the old version has mistakes and false content, so need to be corrected and fixed", then he compiled the bookNan Jing Xuan Jie in two volumes.
《周易懸象》(Zhou Yi Xuan Xiang), "The Yi(Zhou Yi) is consistent with the heaven and the earth, so it can be the way of the heaven and the earth." Medicine and Yi-ology are connected, and the wisdom of Zhou Yi has a profound influence on the dialectical thinking of traditional Chinese medicine. As Huang stated: "The holy classic is so wonderful, that at the end of the water and the end of the mountains, a new world of heaven and land is opening." Huang re-arranged the scriptures of Zhou Yi(the Book of Changes), combined with theories of traditional Chinese medicine, and added his detailed explanations.
《道德經懸解》(Dao De Jing Xuan Jie), it is also known as 《道德懸解》(Dao De Xuan Jie), at the request of a friend, and Huang also feels that the "Tao De Jing" has been handed down wrongly, the orders of arrangement are reversed, the meaning of the classics is magnificent, and the interpretation is unclear, and he has re-edited, revised and annotated the "Tao Te Ching".
1.黃元禦Huáng Yuányù:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.