柯琴Kē Qín:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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柯琴(Kē Qín).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 柯琴(Kē Qín)Alias: 韻伯(Yùn Bó),似峰(Sì Fēng)
Popular name: 柯韵伯(Kē YùnBó)English Name: Ke Qin, or Qin Ke(Given/Family).
Hometown: Ci XiDates: about 1662~1735 AD.
Main works: 《傷寒論註》(Shang Han Lun Zhu),《傷寒論翼》(Shang Han Lun Yi),《傷寒附翼》(Shang Han Fu Yi).
Representative works: 《傷寒來蘇集》(Shang Han Lai Su Ji).

Biography and legends:


 柯琴Kē Qín 柯琴(Kē Qín), a scholar of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) in the Qing dynasty. His alias is 韻伯(Yùn Bó), self-title is 似峰(Sì Fēng). A native of Cixi(today's Zhangting, Yuyao, Zhejiang). He is knowledgeable and able to write poems and ancient classical Ci poetry. He gave up the study as a candidate for the imperial examinations and devoted himself to medicine study. His family is poor, travels to Wu, inhabits Yushan, does not speak for himself in medicine, and is rarely known in the world at that epoch. His method of "using prescriptions to name syndromes, to classify and categorize syndromes according to prescriptions" is more clinically practical, and has a considerable influence on later studies on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). His life and deeds are unknown in detail, there are not many records about it, according to related records, his career is a scholar of Confucianism and also in medical skills, in old age he passed away in Yushan(today's Changshu, Jiangsu).

Main books and academic thoughts:


 柯琴(Kē Qín) learned a lot in reading the ancient works Nei Jing(the Inner Canon) and Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). There are plenty of books on medical books and a compilation of annotations from him too. He once wrote a book named 《內經合璧》(Nei Jing He Bi, or the two pieces Jade combination of the Inner Canon), which has been lost and not survived till today. His other works are:《傷寒論註》(Shang Han Lun Zhu, or the Annotations of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), 《傷寒論翼》(Shang Han Lun Yi, or the Supplementary Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), 《傷寒附翼》(Shang Han Fu Yi, or the Additions to the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), later the three books were compiled collectively and was known as 《傷寒來蘇集》(Shang Han Lai Su Ji, or the Renewal of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), it is one of the models or temples for studying on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

 柯琴(Kē Qín) did not attach importance to the textual identification and correction of Zhang Zhongjing's original works, but seeks to reflect the spirit of syndrome differentiation and treatment methods in Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). Ke Qin ever stated: "(Zhang) Zhongjing's six channels established the principle for hundreds of diseases, not specifically for Shang Han(the cold-induced diseases); the Shang Han(the cold-induced diseases) and miscellaneous diseases are treated without two reasons and are regulated by the six channels. Each of the six channels has a Shang Han(the cold-induced disease), but not the case only in Shang Han(the cold-induced diseases) there are the six channels.” Therefore, he classified the chapters according to the six channels, classified categories according to syndromes, classified prescriptions according to categories, to classify and make annotations on Shang Han(the cold-induced diseases) and miscellaneous diseases according to the six channels, so that the method of differentiation and treatment is more practical and clear, the theory and annotations are clear and the orders are well organized, he is a herbalist who has unique insights about the classification of certain miscellaneous diseases following ancient herbalist Wang Haogu's classification of miscellaneous diseases. It has a greater impact on later generations. In each chapter of the six channels, he first listed the major types of syndromes category and then listed relevant syndromes and prescriptions in this category, as well as the deteriorated case, mistreated case, suspected case, and so on.

 This method of editing is more practical. Inspired by it, later generations of herbalists classified syndromes according to methods, categorized syndromes according to symptoms, to explore the principles of syndrome differentiation and treatment in the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) from different angles. At the same time, he disagrees that herbalists since the Tang and Song dynasties viewed the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) as a monograph on the treatment of exogenous febrile diseases, and believes that the six channels are also a principle for miscellaneous diseases. But for the essence or the nature of the six channels, he believes that it is not the meridians or channels, but the six major disease positions of the human body, that is, the "the ground theory of the six channels meridians". He understood the meridians and channels as the "roads", and the six channels of Shang Han are the "ground", to summarize the scope of syndromes of the six channels.

 《傷寒論註》(Shang Han Lun Zhu, or the Annotations of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), 4 volumes, a book of Ke Qin, and it was compiled and finished till the year 1669 AD, when Ke Shi wrote and annotated this book, he permeated the viewpoints of ​​"The six channels of Zhongjing's principles for all diseases, not specifically for the Shang Han(the cold-induced diseases)", gave study, revise on the commented on the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), entry by entry, sentence by sentence. The feature of the compilation method is “based on the syndromes”, such as Ma Huang syndrome, Gui Zhi syndromes, Bai Hu syndrome, Cheng Qi Tang syndrome, and so on., each of which is summarized and categorized by related entries, with Ke Qin's explanations and annotations, the order of the edition is relatively clear and adequate, and he combined his personal views with elaborations. It has an influence among the annotations works of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

 《傷寒論翼》(Shang Han Lun Yi, or the Supplementary Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), 2 volumes, it was compiled and finished in the year 1674 AD. The author disagrees with the compilation, proofreading, and collation of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) by the predecessors, and believes that "Shang Han(the cold-induced disease) and miscellaneous diseases are treated in no second theory, and they are all regulated by the six channels. Each of the six channels has a Shang Han(the cold-induced disease), but not the case only in Shang Han(the cold-induced diseases) there are the six channels.". Therefore, in the first volume, Ke Qin discusses the big methods of Shang Han(the cold-induced disease), the six channels, combined syndrome, wind-cold syndrome, warm and heat, warm disease and summer heat, convulsion and dampness disease, and attaches the method of normal pulse and pulse diagnosis; the second volume outlines the syndromes of the six channels. The great methods of prescriptions are attached at the end of the book, it is one of the supplementary readings of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

 《傷寒附翼》(Shang Han Fu Yi, or the Additions to the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), 2 volumes. This book is devoted to the prescriptions of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), and it explains the meanings and indications of the prescriptions by combining the etiology, pathology, and pulse syndrome. It can be used as a reference for studying the prescription of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

References:
  • 1.柯琴Kē Qín:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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