呂震名Lǚ Zhènmíng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
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建勛(Jiàn Xūn),or 搽村(Chá Cūn)
Lǚ Zhenming, or Zhenming Lǚ(Given/Family)
about 1797~1852 AD.
《傷寒尋源》(Shang Han Xun Yuan),《內經要論》(Nei Jing Yao Lun).
《傷寒尋源》(Shang Han Xun Yuan),《內經要論》(Nei Jing Yao Lun).
Biography and legends:
呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng), his alias is 建勛(Jiàn Xūn) or 搽村(Chá Cūn). His ancestral hometown was in Anhui, his forefathers moved to Qiantang from Anhui, and so he was a native of Qiantang. The ancient history book 《清史稿》(Qing History Draft) recorded his name as 呂震(Lǚ Zhèn), a herbalist in the Qing dynasty, professional Confucian scholar in generations. In the Daoguang 5th year(the year 1825 AD), he passed the imperial examinations and achieved Ju Ren(former second-degree candidate in the provincial examination), he was ever assigned and served as a Zhou Pan(an official auxiliary officer of the Qing dynasty) in the Jingmen Prefecture, Hubei. Since the Daoguang twelfth year(the year 1832 AD), he lived in Qiantang. He has a reading hobby and is addicted to medical books. He is very careful in clinical inspections and pulse examination, the prescription establishment must be drafted first, after several times reading then it was established, his diagnosis and treatment have miraculous effects. After studying Zhongjing's book single-minded for more than 20 years, he ever states that the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) is actually a supplemental book of Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), and it is not limited to the establishment of principles and methods on cold-induced diseases.
According to a biographical record wrote by 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng)'s former friend 潘遵祁(Pān Zūnqí), the biography of his dear friend gave a brief introduction record about his life and deeds, it introduced: 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) was born in Wei Shi(1 p.m. to 3 p.m.) of July the 19th(July of the lunar calendar), Jiaqing second year(the year 1797 AD), passed away at noon on May 3rd(May of the lunar calendar), Xianfeng second year(the year 1852 AD), he enjoyed 56 springs and autumns in his life, ever passed the imperial examination and achieved Ju Ren(former second-degree candidate in the provincial examination) at Daoguang Yiyou(Daoguang 5th year, or the year 1825 AD), ever was assigned as Tongzhi in Jingmen Prefecture, Hubei. 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) has one son, two daughters, and two granddaughters. His grandfather's posthumous name is 嗣林(Sì Lín), alias 兰田(Lán Tián), he always glad to give to charities, kind and charitable, the folks in the village relied on his subsist and charity, his father's posthumous name is 文燕(Wén Yàn), alias 赓扬(Gēng Yáng), inherited his father's will and started his career with frugality(prudence in avoiding waste). 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) was intelligent when he was a child, frank and generous when he grew up. He passed the triennial examination(the imperial exam at the provincial level) and achieved Ju Ren(former second-degree candidate in the provincial examination). 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) went to remonstrate several times, has a hobby in reading medical books in his life. When there is a patient seeking help, he asked in fine details with no other irrelevant words, the prescription establishment surely be drafted first, then it was read and checked by him for several quarters before it was established, and he still notifies the patient earnestly and tirelessly about the compatibility and incompatibility, or avoidings, and so on, never say anything irrelevant till the end. 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) is familiar with the five movements and six climates theory in the book Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), he understood the eight meridians thoroughly and read overall hundreds of schools, and takes Zhongjing as the orthodox school. 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) ever stated that: Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) by Zhongjing is based on humanitarian theory, and it conforms to the ways of Heaven so that learners can take a practical work, it does not only establish principles and methods for the cold-induced diseases, if one could differentiate syndromes from the six channels, for a condition that is sophisticated as cold-induced diseases, it is not misleading by its multiple ambiguities, and this one unity pervading all things is also working for miscellaneous diseases, that is, get the essentials and keys of the healing art. 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng)’s medical ethics is respectable and noble, according to the record, “As a herbalist, he treats the sickness of a patient like his own disease. Several people in a family are sick, he treated them one by one with no tired looks.” In leisure, 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) wrote his theory, and explained Zhong Jing’s theory, he never stopped his writing as summer goes and winter comes, so his energy was gradually drained. He got an apoplexia syndrome the year before, he treated it himself and already recovered. In his life, he was only addicted to wines, and he didn't anticipate that it caused this illness, and so he suffered such a disease. His character is straightforward, disdain to care about his livelihood, he lived in Qiantang for 20 years but never saying that he is poor, he still has a debt of wine on the day of passing away, and his friend paid it for him. Oh! 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) has high talents but was trapped in a low house, he ever had an official career, while he gave up it trippingly, live on his medical skills and saving people, so he is one of those who are blighted to the time while still doing their best? Since I know him more details about medicine skills in our acquaintances, so my statements in detail are more about his medical skills. He ever compiled 《內經要論》(Nei Jing Yao Lun, or the Essential Discussions of the Inner Canon) in several volumes, 《傷寒尋源》(Shang Han Xun Yuan, the Seeking Primitive Origin with the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), all of his books have contributed to Xuan Qi's studies(the studies of Qi Bo and Huang Di, or traditional Chinese medicine), and his books surely will be the precious rafts in the world someday.
Main books and academic thoughts:
呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) has done a lot of study on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). He spent more than 20 years exploring the origins of various syndromes of cold-induced diseases. In his later years, he wrote the book 《傷寒尋源》(Shang Han Xun Yuan, or the Seeking Primitive Origin with the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), there are many incisive discussions and statements in the book, later herbalist 陆九芝(Lù Jiǔzhī) had many references to his works. In addition, he is the author of 《內經要論》(Nei Jing Yao Lun, or the Essential Discussions of the Inner Canon), unfortunately, this book did not survive till today.
《傷寒尋源》(Shang Han Xun Yuan, or the Seeking Primitive Origin with the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), a monograph on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), 3 volumes (i.e. first, middle and second volumes), it was compiled by herbalist 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) and finished in the Daoguang 30th year (the year 1850 AD), it is an important monograph on the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) occurred during the Qing dynasty. The book is divided into three collections, the first, the second, and the third. The first collection mainly distinguishes the origins and syndrome differentiation methods of wind, cold, dampness, warm, heat, and the syndromes of six channels; the second collection lists 21 main symptoms in Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), such as fever, fidgety, and spontaneous sweating, and so on, as the main items, distinguishes the doubtful similarities, points out the differences of their concomitant symptoms, the nature of the disease, the treatment and medication are also different; the third collection part of the monograph focuses on the meanings of the prescriptions of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), the indications of each prescription and the compatibility of the prescriptions are explained in detail. 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng) also took the meaning of "seeing the disease and knowing the source" from Zhongjing's preface, hence the book was named as Shang Han Xun Yuan(the Seeking Primitive Origin with the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), he believes that for the traditional theory that "there are five types of cold-induced diseases" recorded in Nan Jing(the Difficult Classics), wind, cold, warm, heat all belongs to the category cold-induced diseases. His discussions collected essential theories from various schools, and explain the implicit meanings of Zhongjing. Herbalist 陆懋修(Lù Màoxiū) praised that his book is the number one among all studies of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) since Daoguang period. 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng)’s Shang Han Xun Yuan(the Seeking Primitive Origin with the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) has many enlightening remarks. This book is indeed an excellent masterpiece for the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). The author's understanding of traditional Chinese medicine theories is very high level and in-depth.
《內經要論》(Nei Jing Yao Lun, or the Essential Discussions of the Inner Canon), 1 volume, according to his biography this book was recorded as a monograph about the study of Nei JIng(the Inner Canon) by 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng), unfortunately it has not been handed down.
1.呂震名Lǚ Zhènmíng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
2.Biographical sketch of Qian Tang Lǚ Chá Cūn Si Ma.by 潘遵祁(Pān Zūnqí)。
3.Author's preface of Shang Han Xun Yuan.by 呂震名(Lǚ Zhènmíng).