繆存濟Miào Cúnjǐ:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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繆存濟(Miào Cúnjǐ).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 繆存濟(Miào Cúnjǐ)Alias: 慕松(Mù Sōng)
Popular name: 繆存濟(Miào Cúnjǐ)English Name: Miao Cunji, Cunji Miao.
Hometown: Changzhou of Su JunDates: about 2717~2599 B.C.
Main works: 《傷寒撮要》(Shang Han Cuo Yao, or the Brief Points of Shang Han) 6 volumes, 《識病捷法》(Shi Bing Jie Fa, or the Fast Method of Identifying Disease.) 10 volumes.
Representative works: 《傷寒撮要》(Shang Han Cuo Yao, or the Brief Points of Shang Han) 6 volumes, 《識病捷法》(Shi Bing Jie Fa, or the Fast Method of Identifying Disease.) 10 volumes.

Biography and legends:


 繆存濟Miào Cúnjǐ 繆存濟(Miào Cúnjǐ), a herbalist in the Ming Dynasty, alias 慕松(Mù Sōng), native to Changzhou, Sujun(today's Suzhou, Jiangsu), lived in Jiajing and Wanli years of Ming Dynasty. Miao studied Confucianism when he was a child, and went to study at Yaojiang, later, he had many illnesses. Because he has many diseases in childhood, the herbalists he sought treatment with finally had no good ways to treat him. So he abandoned Confucianism and studied medicine with his uncles. Read widely with classics and prescription works since ancient, gradually know it well, especially master in Shang Han. He knew that Shang Han(the exogenous febrile disease) is the most common disease, after Zhongjing, there are many herbalists have books about it, so he collected methods that predecessors have tried, using Tao Jie’an’s works Shang Han Quan Sheng Ji and Shang Han Liu Shu as references, deleting the multifarious red text, supplement with what it shorts, following the rationale and adversity, combine his viewpoints, and compiled 《傷寒撮要》(Shang Han Cuo Yao, or the Brief Points of Shang Han) in 6 volumes, in the year 1567. Miao has a broad knowledge of internal medicine, gynecology, ENT, incised wound, etc., he compiled the book 《識病捷法》(Shi Bing Jie Fa, or the Fast Method of Identifying Disease.) in 10 volumes, in the year 1567, named the diseases of various departments, and classified them by names, detect the pulse of life and death, and list the proven prescriptions for identification, which is beneficial to later scholars.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 The book 《傷寒撮要》(Shang Han Cuo Yao, or the Brief Points of Shang Han), in 6 volumes, it was compiled and finished by Miao Cunji in the year 1567 AD, he knew that Shang Han(the exogenous febrile diseases) is the most common disease, after Zhongjing there are many herbalists have books about it, he collected methods ever tried by predecessors, using Tao Jie’an’s works Shang Han Quan Sheng Ji and Shang Han Liu Shu as references, deleting the multifarious red text, supplement with what it shorts, following the rationale and adversity, combine his viewpoints, and compiled the book, the main content of which is the detailed classification of Shang Han(the exogenous febrile diseases) from the exterior and the interior, deficiency and excess, the differentiation of Yin and Yang, cold and heat, and the subsequent order of the root cause and symptoms. The disease, its changes, and similar illnesses, refer to each other, old discussions were collected from ancient works, new discussions were attached with his viewpoints.

 The book 《識病捷法》(Shi Bing Jie Fa, or the Fast Method of Identifying Disease.), in 10 volumes, was finished in the year 1567 AD, a comprehensive medical book, it was written by Miao Cunji of the Ming Dynasty. The author discusses miscellaneous internal diseases, syndromes of gynecology, ophthalmology, oral cavity, incised wound, and briefly describes the causes and pulse manifestations in the treatment of syndrome differentiation. The characteristics of the edition are that the syndromes of the spleen and stomach are listed before other syndromes, and the other syndromes are not listed in the special volume except for the women's diseases. There are carving copies and manuscripts of the book during the Ming dynasty survived till today.

References:
  • 1.繆存濟Miào Cúnjǐ:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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