錢潢Qián Huáng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
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Qian Huang, or Huang Qian(Given/Family).
Unknown,about middle to late of 17th century.
《傷寒溯源集》(Shang Han Shuo Yuan Ji).
《傷寒溯源集》(Shang Han Shuo Yuan Ji).
Biography and legends:
錢潢(Qián Huáng), a herbalist of the Qing dynasty, alias 天來(Tiān Lái). A native of Yushan (today's Changshu, Jiangsu), his years of birth and passing away is unknown, according to publish year of his book, he might live during the middle period to the late period of the 17th century. In his middle age, he suffered from Shang Han(cold-induced disease) and almost dying due to pain and numbness. So he decided to study medicine. After careful study of Nei Jing(the Internal Canon) and Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), he believes that Zhongjing's prescriptions are accurate and later's could not pass over it, while Wang Shuhe's order of compilation, Cheng Wuji's annotations, are attached with their intentions and lose the original meaning of Zhongjing.
Main books and academic thoughts:
Qian Huang advocated that Zhongjing's studies should be traced to Su Wen(the Plain Questions) and Ling Shu(the Spiritual Pivot or Divine Axis), so he compiled a book 《傷寒溯源集》(Shang Han Shuo Yuan Ji, or the Origin Tracing of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). The book has been re-edited and explained in detail on the articles and entries handed down in Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). It has quite original insights in exposition, interpretation, error identification, and indications, which have a good influence on future generations.
《傷寒溯源集》(Shang Han Shuo Yuan Ji, or the Origin Tracing of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), an annotation book on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). It was originally titled 《重編張仲景傷寒論證治發明溯源集》(Chong Bian Zhang Zhong Jing Shang Han Lun Zheng Zhi Fa Ming Su Yuan Ji, or the Reedited Collection of the Inventive Origin Tracing of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases by Zhang Zhongjing), 10 volumes, 22 articles. The book was compiled by Qian Huang and was finished in the Kangxi 46th year (the year 1707 AD). Qian thought that the handed down edition of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) has errors in its texts and annotation entries, and the six channels were confused, so he re-edited it, and the annotation articles were collected from the essence of the various schools from the past generations, and the book was compiled.
This book reorganizes the original text of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), divided into ten volumes and twenty-two chapters. The 1st to 4th volume contains the six channels of Yin-Yang disease and the Tai Yang disease, discusses the Yin-Yang of the six channels syndromes and the Tai Yang syndromes wind affection, cold affection, and wind-cold double affection syndromes; The 5th volume is about syndrome differentiation and treatment of the warm disease, wind warm disease, convulsion, dampness disease, Ye syndrome, etc.; The 6th chapter is about Yang Ming disease, which is divided into discussions of Taiyang-Yangming, Zhengyang-Yangming, and Shaoyang-Yangming; the 7th chapter is about Shaoyang disease, with combined disease and overlapping syndrome; the 8th volume is about Taiyin disease, with Huo Luan syndrome attached; the 9th volume is about Shaoyin's disease, divided into Shaoyin's first part and Shaoyin's second part; the 10th volume is about Jueyin's disease, and also discusses the various syndromes after recovery. There is an appendix at the end, containing six articles, including the article "Discussion on the Three Hundreds and Ninety-Seven methods and One Hundred and Thirteen prescriptions".
Qian Huang believes that after the order arrangement of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) by Wang Shuhe, the six channels are confused, and errors at the beginning part and the end part, so it was re-edited, he deleted the articles about Shang Han Li(the cases of cold-induced diseases), the method of pulse differentiation, the method of normal pulse, the possible and the impossible, etc. And the warm disease, convulsion, dampness disease, Ye syndrome, and so on are listed at the end of the Tai Yang chapter, where the changes are explained. He thought that the annotations of Cheng Wuji and others also lost the original meaning of Zhongjing, so he advocated going back to the ancient works Su Wen(the Plain Questions) and Ling Shu(the Spiritual Pivot or Divine Axis). The book emphasizes the yin and yang differentiation of the six-channel diseases, and puts forward the point of view that "the pathogens of exogenous origin can be identified once it affects". And the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) is explained by the classification method of syndromes and symptoms. He praised Yu Chang's theory of "three outlines theory" for Taiyang Disease, and the discussion is more specific, pointing out that Taiyang Disease is particularly closely related to the lung meridian. Regarding the syndrome and treatment of the warm diseases, it is believed that the method of invigorating and purgation method of cold, heat, warming, and cooling has been included in the treatment of the syndrome of the six channels, pointing out that Daqinglongtang Decoction is the main prescription for the treatment of warm disease, and expounding the syndrome and treatment of summer disease. He also studied Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) based on the theory of YunQi(five evolutive phases and six climatic factors), and advocated the theory of "self-suffering of the same channel". He paid attention to the prescriptions, explore the meaning of the prescriptions, the cold and heat nature of the medicinal properties. Qian also wrote an article under title "Bian Wu(distinguish the mistakes)", tracing the source of important academic issues of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), prove the views by ancient classics, expounding Zhongjing's will, and raised valuable questions.
1.錢潢Qián Huáng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.