沈金鰲Shěn Jīnáo:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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沈金鰲(Shěn Jīnáo).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 沈金鰲(Shěn Jīnáo)Alias: 芊綠(Qiān Lǜ)
Popular name: 沈金鰲(Shěn Jīnáo)English Name: Shen Jinao, Jinao Shen(Given/Family)
Hometown: WuxiDates: 1717~1776 AD.
Main works: 《脈象統類》(Mai Xiang Tong Lei)《諸脈主病詩》(Zhu Mai Zhu Bing Shi)《雜病源流犀燭》(Za Bing Yuan Liu Xi Zhu)《傷寒論綱目》(Shang Han Lun Gang Mu)《婦科玉尺》(Fu Ke Yu Chi),《幼科釋迷》(You Ke Shi Mi),《要藥分劑》(Yao Yao Fen Ji).
Representative works: 《沈氏尊生書》(Shen Shi Zun Sheng Shu).

Biography and legends:


 沈金鰲Shěn Jīnáo 沈金鰲(Shěn Jīnáo), alias 芊綠(Qiān Lǜ), self-title 汲門(Ji Men), 尊生老人(Zun Sheng Lao Ren), a herbalist in the Qing dynasty, his years of birth and passing away is about 1717~1776 AD. A native of Wuxi, Jiangsu. In his early years, he studied Confucianism, learned extensively with a good memory, and studied through epics and literature, medical skills, practice divination, and star calculations.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Shen Jinao ever wrote literature works 《尚書隨筆》(Shang Shu Sui Bi, or Shang Shu Essays). In his middle age, he failed many attempts in the imperial examination, so he was determined to study medicine, and gradually he was very proficient in various departments. He also studied Su Wen(the Plain Questions), and Ling Shu(the Spiritual Pivot or Divine Axis), Zhongjing's theories and masters of the past dynasties after Zhongjing, and reference to each other. Later, he was diligent in writing and successively wrote 《脈象統類》(Mai Xiang Tong Lei),《諸脈主病詩》(Zhu Mai Zhu Bing Shi),《雜病源流犀燭》(Za Bing Yuan Liu Xi Zhu),《傷寒論綱目》(Shang Han Lun Gang Mu),《婦科玉尺》(Fu Ke Yu Chi),《幼科釋迷》(You Ke Shi Mi),《要藥分劑》(Yao Yao Fen Ji), these works were collected and edited into a collection book named 《沈氏尊生書》(Shen Shi Zun Sheng Shu, or the Health Maintenance Book of Shen's), the content is extensive, the exposition is also incisive, influential. There are multiple publications survived till today.

 《傷寒論綱目》(Shang Han Lun Gang Mu, or the Outline of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), is a book about the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), 16 volumes by Shen Jinao, it was compiled and finished in the Qianlong 39th year(the year 1774 AD). Based on the entries of Zhang Zhongjing’s Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), Shen collected the discussions of Wang Shuhe and herbalists after him, Zhu Gong, Cheng Wuji, Xu Shuwei, Liu Wansu, Zhang Yuansu, Zhang Congzheng, Li Gao, Zhu Zhenheng, Zhang Jiebin, Yu Chang, Ke Qin, and other herbalists, add notes and compiled this book. This book is one of the sub-volumes of Shen Shi Zun Sheng Shu(the Health Maintenance Book of Shen's). The first volume is titled with a general discussion, divided into chapters including pulse syndrome, main symptoms of the six channels, exterior and interior, transmission and changes. Volumes 1 to 15 compiled the original text of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) as the outline, the selected annotations of the past dynasties to clarify the focus of Zhongjing's original purpose. The contents are categorized according to the order of the six channels, it is mainly based on Ke Yunbo's theory. Those do not belong to the six channels, such as syndromes after cold-induced disease, pulse differentiation, normal pulse, etc., are listed in the 16th volume. The theories compiled by Shen are elaborated properly by him, focusing on treatment based on syndrome differentiation. The author's note is quite careful, and more pertinent, to make up for those not reached by the previous herbalists. This book is preceded by a general summary of the six-channel diseases, each channel has a section of the channels and collaterals at the beginning of the chapter, clarifying its main syndrome, main symptoms and accompanying symptoms, deteriorated case. Common diseases and syndromes are listed following, the relevant entries of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) are listed in each section, so that readers can understand the symptoms and treatments at a glance. In addition, the discussion on warm disease and febrile disease is more detailed, focusing on the difference between cold-induced disease and warm disease, warm head disease, epidemic infectious disease, and epidemic heat syndrome.

References:
  • 1.沈金鰲Shěn Jīnáo:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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