史以甲Shǐ Yǐjiǎ:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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史以甲(Shǐ Yǐjiǎ).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 史以甲(Shǐ Yǐjiǎ)Alias: 子仁(Zǐ Rén),學圃老人(Xue Pu Lao Ren)
Popular name: 史以甲(Shǐ Yǐjiǎ)English Name: Shi Yijia, or Yijia Shi(Given/Family).
Hometown: Jiangdu Xian,Gan Quan Shao Bo ZhenDates: Unknown,about Chongzhen to middle of 17th century.
Main works: 《傷寒正宗》(Shang Han Zheng Zong, or the authentic theory about the Treatise on Febrile Diseases).
Representative works: 《傷寒正宗》(Shang Han Zheng Zong, or the authentic theory about the Treatise on Febrile Diseases).

Biography and legends:


 史以甲Shǐ Yǐjiǎ 史以甲(Shǐ Yǐjiǎ), alias 子仁(Zǐ Rén), self-titled 學圃老人(Xue Pu Lao Ren) in his old age, native to Ganquan Shaobo, Jiangdu, Jiangsu. The years and date of his birth and death are unknown, and he probably lived during the Tianqi period, Chongzhen period of the Ming dynasty, to the early Kangxi period of the Qing dynasty. Later he lived in Qiaoshu on the east of Ailing Lake, where he lived by farming and read books. His father, 史啟元(Shi Qiyuan), was the deputy envoy of Huguang in the Ming dynasty, and he was a frontier minister to quell the chaos. Shi Yijia studied as a candidate for the imperial examination at a young age. When he was a teenager, he studied medicine from herbalist 袁秦郵(Yuan Qinyou), “getting his pulse skills, concentrating on his utmost, and then learning through the mystery. Judgment on illnesses, dying or surviving, differentiation is identified immediately after taking the pulse.”. After his father returned from illness, he helped to treat his father's illness. To help to treat his parents' illness, he gave up the imperial examination to study medicine. After the establishment of the Qing dynasty, he gave up his possible official career, to cultivate and study for himself, and never enter the city all year round. When he was young, he studied medicine from the famous herbalist 袁秦邮(Yuan Qinyou), got the true medical skills of Yuan, and was good at pulse diagnosis. He is the author of the book 《傷寒正宗》(Shang Han Zheng Zong, or the authentic theory about the Treatise on Febrile Diseases), which is mainly a commentary on Zhang Zhongjing's writings, together with expositions by Xu Shuwei, Wang Haogu, and Pang Anshi. Shi Yijia advocates Zhongjing's studies, devoted himself to the theory of cold-induced disease, and devoted himself to the study of cold-induced disease. He devoted himself to studying Zhongjing's Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) for more than 30 years and wrote the book.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 In addition to studying medicine, 史以甲(Shǐ Yǐjiǎ) also studied astronomy, geography, and books from various schools. In addition to 《傷寒正宗》(Shang Han Zheng Zong, or the authentic theory about the Treatise on Febrile Diseases), his other books were recorded, there are 《文獻通考抄》(Wen Xian Tong Kao Chao),《學圃隨筆》(Xue Pu Sui Bi),《勾股籌算捷法》(Gou Gu Chou Suan Jie Fa),《廣吳淑事類賦》(Guang Wu Shu Shi Lei Fu), but these books were not handed down.

 《傷寒正宗》(Shang Han Zheng Zong, or the authentic theory about the Treatise on Febrile Diseases), is a work about the study of the cold-induced diseases, by Shi Yijia of the late Ming dynasty and the early Qing dynasty. The book was published during the Kangxi period and was published in Kangxi's 17th year(the year 1678 AD), the engraving and publishing were later in the Kangxi twenty-fourth year (the year 1685 AD). The spread is not wide and is sparse. As of today, there are only one copy of the Kangxi period and one copy of Edo in Japan. At present, there is only one copy in the library of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, which has become the only copy in China. The book mainly inherits Fang Youzhi and Yu Chang's theory about "re-edition and compilation" and "three outlines" theory, advocates to study Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) using the syndromes as outlines, and uses clinical evidence as the reference of choosing and giving up historical annotations. In the annotations, the thought of interpreting the book with classics by Cheng Wuji is praised, and annotations on prescriptions are practical.

 The commentary annotations of the book mainly use the method of interpreting the works with classics, and the commentary strives to be concise and short, and the essence of the herbalists of the past is used to supplement each entry, making the entries of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) concise and clear, which is very easy to understand and learn. It is a monograph that inherits and develops Zhongjing's theory.

References:
  • 1.史以甲Shǐ Yǐjiǎ:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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