萬全Wàn Quán:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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萬全(Wàn Quán).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 萬全(Wàn Quán)Alias: 密齋(Mì Zhāi),字事(Zì Shì)
Popular name: 萬密斋(Wàn MìZhāi)English Name: Wan Quan, or Quan Wan(Given/Family)
Hometown: Luo Tian.Dates: about 1499~1582 AD.
Main works: 《萬密齋醫書十種》(Wan Mi Zhai Yi Shu Shi Zhong, or the Ten Kinds Medical Books of Wang Mi Zhai).
Representative works: 《萬密齋醫書十種》(Wan Mi Zhai Yi Shu Shi Zhong, or the Ten Kinds Medical Books of Wang Mi Zhai).

Biography and legends:


 a portrait of 萬全Wàn Quán 萬全(Wàn Quán), alias 密齋(Mì Zhāi) or 字事(Zì Shì), was born in the year 1499 and passed away in the year 1582 AD, a famous herbalist in the Ming Dynasty. He was born in a herbalist family, and his grandfather and father were both pediatricians. His grandfather 萬杏坡(Wàn Xìngpō), a native of Yuzhang(today's Nanchang of Jiangxi), was the first generation pediatrician of the Wan family and passed away in early age. His father 萬筐(Wàn Kuāng) moved to the bank of the Luotian River in the Chenghua Gengzi year (the year 1480 AD) due to a shortage of soldiers. A few years later, he became a famous herbalist and established the reputation of Wan's Pediatrics, as the second generation. Wan Quan is even more famous for pediatrics and is the third generation, he inherited the medical ethics of his grandpa and father, saved countless folks in over 50 years of his career.

 Wan Quan studied Confucianism since he was a child, and he studied classics of Confucianism, history, and calendar as a disciple of Confucian 胡柳溪(Hú Liǔxī) and 張玉泉(Zhāng Yùquán), learned well from them. At the age of 19, he entered Hu Yang as a Zhu Sheng(a scholar student of the Ming dynasty), and at the age of 28, he was a student Shan Sheng. During this period, while practicing and studying as a candidate for the imperial examinations, he also inherited family learning, studied Chinese herbal medical science. Often go a herbalist visiting on behalf of his father, or treat illnesses for teachers and friends in school, and gradually became known as a herbalist. He did ever participate in several times of triennial examinations (the imperial exam at the provincial level), but unfortunately failed. When he was 30 years old his father died, he gave up the candidate for imperial examination, and then serve as a herbalist.

 Although Wan Quan gave up his candidate for imperial examination in his early years, his respect for Confucianism has not diminished a little. He opened schools many times, taught students and disciples, and continued till he was old. He has also written many Confucian works, claiming to be "From the classics to the history and calendar, to a hundred schools, has his related writings". Unfortunately, none of his Confucianism works had been handed down.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 a second portrait of 萬全Wàn Quán Wan Quan's academic thoughts are pure and clean, the roots are flourishing, so results are luxuriant, and they are related to pediatrics, gynecology, internal medicine, eugenics, good child-rearing, extending life-span, extend heirs, and health care, which can be called broad and profound.

 Wan Quan collected extensive experience of predecessors, inherited family studies, wrote books, his famous works are 《保命歌括》(Bao Ming Ge Kuo, or the Songs for Saving-life) 35 volumes, 《傷寒摘錦》(Shang Han Zhai Jin, or Excerpts from Febrile Diseases) 2 volumes, 《養生四要》(Yang Sheng Si Yao, or the Four Essentials of Health Care) 3 volumes, 《內科要決》(Nei Ke Yao Jue, or the Internal Medicine Essentials) 3 volumes, 《幼科發揮》(You Ke Fa Hui, or Elaboration of Pediatrics) 4 volumes, 《育嬰秘訣》(Yu Ying Mi Jue, or the Secrets of Parenting) 4 volumes, 《痘疹心法》(Dou Zhen Xin Fa, or the Essential Methods of Exanthema Variolosum) 23 volumes, 《片玉新書》(Pian Yu Xin Shu, or the New Book of Jade Piece) 5 volumes, 《片玉疽疹》(Pian Yu Ju Zhen, or the Jade Piece of Ulcer and Rash) 13 volumes, 《廣嗣紀要》(Guang Si Ji Yao, or the Summary of Extending Heirs) 16 volumes. These works were combined and edited into a serie book named 《萬密齋醫書十種》(Wan Mi Zhai Yi Shu Shi Zhong, or the Ten Kinds of Medical Books of Wangmizhai), with 108 volumes and more than 700,000 words. In addition, there are more than 10 kinds of hand-written manuscript ink books, including 《萬氏外科心法》(Wan Shi Wai Ke Xin Fa, or the Mental Methods of Wan's External Mecicine), 《酒病點點經》(Jiu Bing Dian Dian Jing, or the Little Little Classics about Alcohol Disease), 《萬氏秘傳眼科》(Wan Shi Mi Chuan Yan Ke, or the Ophthalmology Secret copy of Wan's), and collected the publications 《痘疹歌括》(Dou Zhen Ge Kuo) and 《幼科指南》(You Ke Zhi Nan, or the Guidelines for Pediatrics).

 Wan Quan is well-known for pediatrics and gynecology. His pediatrics followed the theories from herbalist Qian Yi, focuses on pediatric care and disease prevention, the syndrome differentiation emphasizes the four diagnoses, and the treatment method and prescriptions emphasize the spleen and stomach. His family inherited prescriptions with good effects, and some of them have been used till nowadays.

 The book 《傷寒摘錦》(Shang Han Zhai Jin, or the Picked Brocade of Shang Han), is a book about the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), the full name of the book is 《萬氏家傳傷寒摘錦》(Wan Shi Jia Chuan Shang Han Zhai Jin, or the Picked Brocade of Shang Han inherited by Wan's family), two volumes, it was compiled by Wan Quan. Based on the author’s clinical experience, the book focused on the syndromes of the six channels, treatment methods selected from the book Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), also recorded the treatments for the double affection syndromes of Shang Han(the interior and exterior both affection of Yin and Yang channels), relapse due to fatigue after recovery, Yin Yang Exchange, Zhi Shi Ye syndromes, Huo Luan(acute gastroenteritis), the warm diseases, seasonal epidemic disease. Later it was collected in the book 《萬密齋醫學全書》(Wan Mi Zhai Yi Xue Quan Shu, or the Complete Books of Wan Mizhai). There are Ming and Qing block-printed editions that survived till today. It explains the syndromes of the six channels, the author Wan Quan has a unique insight, he interprets the transmission and change of the six channels, and has a lot of elaborations.

References:
  • 1.萬全Wàn Quán:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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