吳謙Wú Qiān:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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吳謙(Wú Qiān).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 吳謙(Wú Qiān)Alias: 六吉(Liù Jí)
Popular name: 吳謙(Wú Qiān)English Name: Wu Qian, or Qian Wu(Given/Family).
Hometown: ShexianDates: about 1689~1748 AD.
Main works: 《訂正傷寒論註》(Ding Zheng Shang Han Lun Zhu),《醫宗金鑒》(Yi Zong Jin Jian).
Representative works: 《訂正傷寒論註》(Ding Zheng Shang Han Lun Zhu),《醫宗金鑒》(Yi Zong Jin Jian).

Biography and legends:


 a portrait of 吳謙Wú Qiān 吳謙(Wú Qiān), alias 六吉(Liù Jí), he was born in Shexian county of the Qing dynasty. The year of his birth and passing away is 1689~1748 AD. He was a court physician, ever was assigned as a Yuan Pan of the Imperial Academy of Medicine during the Qianlong period.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Wu Qian advocated Zhongjing's theory. When writing 《醫宗金鑒》(Yi Zong Jin Jian), he referred to the writings of more than 20 scholars who ever studied Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) and Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber) before his epoch, annotated the original texts and entries of these two classics one by one, and compiled all the annotations. And compiled the book 《訂正傷寒論註》(Ding Zheng Shang Han Lun Zhu), 17 volumes, and 《訂正金匱要略註》(Ding Zheng Jin Kui Yao Lue Zhu), 8 volumes, the two works were listed at the beginning part of his book Yi Zong Jin Jian.

 《訂正傷寒論註》(Ding Zheng Shang Han Lun Zhu, or the Revised Annotations on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), the book is also known as 《訂正仲景全書傷寒論註》(Ding Zheng Zhong Jing Quan Shu Shang Han Lun Zhu), 17 volumes. (It was collected and edited as the 1st to the 17th volume of Yi Zong Jin Jian), the book was compiled by Wu Qian. Because of some old annotations of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), it is "they are attached to the text, it is difficult to believe", he revised them, add detailed annotations, and select those who can explain the meaning of Zhongjing's classics in the annotations of the previous sages for reference. In the compilation, the chapters on pulse methods and methods of pulse diagnosis are edited after it. There are correctness and error, doubts, records, principles of combining medicine, illustration on the three Yang channels diagram notes, acupuncture and moxibustion picture of cold-induced diseases, etc.

 《訂正金匱要略註》(Ding Zheng Jin Kui Yao Lue Zhu, or the Revised Annotations on the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), is also known as 《訂正仲景全書金匱要略註》(Ding Zheng Zhong Jing Quan Shu Jin Kui Yao Lue Zhu), total 8 volumes. (It was collected and edited as the 18th to the 25th volume of Yi Zong Jin Jian), the book was compiled by Wu Qian. Since some old annotations of Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), it is "they are attached to the text, it is difficult to believe", he revised them, and added detailed annotations, and selected those who can explain Zhongjing's theory in the previous sage's annotations for reference. At the end of the book, he gave differentiation and corrections on entries in question one by one, for reference.

 The book 《醫宗金鑒》(Yi Zong Jin Jian) was published in the Qianlong 7th year of the Qing Dynasty (the year 1742 AD), and it was a medical series compiled by the Qing government. Since the year 1749 AD, the Imperial Academy of Medicine has designated the book Yi Zong Jin Jian as a textbook for medical students. This book has also been widely circulated among the folks. Because the content of this book is practical and concise, it has been favored for more than 200 years, and it is popular with readers.

References:
  • 1.吳謙Wú Qiān:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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