吳綬Wú Shòu:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
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Wu Shou, or Shou Wu(Given/Family)
Qian Tang Xian
Unknown, during the Ming Dynasty.
《傷寒蘊要全書》(Shang Han Yun Yao Quan Shu, or the Essential Collect Complete Book of Shang Han) 4 volumes.
《傷寒蘊要全書》(Shang Han Yun Yao Quan Shu, or the Essential Collect Complete Book of Shang Han).
Biography and legends:
吳綬(Wú Shòu), herbalist, lived since the late period of the Yuan dynasty till the early period of the Ming dynasty. He was native to Qiantang (today's Hangzhou, Zhejiang). He is good in the treatment of Shang Han(exogenous febrile diseases), proficient in medical skills, he was recruited to the capital as a famous herbalist and was assigned an official career Yuan Pan of the Imperial Academy of Medicine.
When herbalist Wu Shou returned to the north, there was a man named 馮英(Féng Yīng) lived nearby the lake suffers from Shang Han(cold-affection). Herbalists discussed and planned to use ChengQi Decoction, they also invited Wu Shou to inspect him. He said: "He will be sweating greatly, it is not a syndrome of purgation, should wait awhile." In a while, the patient sweating and then relieved. He is the author of the book 《傷寒蘊要全書》(Shang Han Yun Yao Quan Shu, or the Essential Collect Complete Book of Shang Han).
Main books and academic thoughts:
The book 《傷寒蘊要全書》(Shang Han Yun Yao Quan Shu, or the Essential Collect Complete Book of Shang Han) is a traditional Chinese medicine work written by Wu Shou in the Ming Dynasty, it was compiled and finished in the Hongzhi 18th year(the year 1505 AD).
The 1st volume contains twenty-five chapters, its contents are about Shang Han(exogenous febrile diseases) with questioning and answers, Yun-Qi Theory(five elements' motion and six kinds of natural factors), outlines of methods for observing color, eyes, nose, lips, ears, tongue, and pulse, the transmission of the six channels, and the main indications of medicinal properties. Attached with illustrations for explanations. The 2nd volume contains the outline of the exogenous febrile diseases, the theory of cold-induced diseases, warm diseases and febrile diseases, and the diagnosis of cold-affection, wind-affection, warm disease and febrile diseases, asthma, cough, palpitations, abdominal pain, total 12 articles, with discussion on prescriptions of Shang Han; the 3rd volume contains contents on the differences of fever between the root cause and symptoms of a disease in the three Yang channels, diagnosis and syndrome differentiation of fever from the cold-induced disease exterior syndrome, aversion to cold, hot flash, thirst, blood-retention, epigastric oppression and so on, totally 38 articles, with discussion on prescriptions of Shang Han; the 4th volume contains contents differentiation of Yin and Yang syndromes, Chu Zhong(sudden spurt of appetite prior to collapse), Re Jue(pyretic syncope), Zang Jue(visceral shock), Hui Jue(syncope due to ascariasis, or ascariasis of biliary tract), Bu Mian(insomnia or lose of sleep), pharyngalgia(sore throat), edema, Shang Han of woman(exogenous febrile disease of woman), Shang Han of baby(exogenous febrile disese of baby), and so on, totally 61 articles, with discussion on prescriptions of Shang Han. It follows Zhongjing's syndrome differentiation and treatment methods, focusing on the differentiation and identification of syndromes, collecting and compiling the essential discussions of later generations of herbalists and attached with proven effective prescriptions, and discussing the theory of Yun Qi(five elements' motion and six kinds of natural factors), establishing theories with illustrations.
1.吳綬Wú Shòu:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.