吳儀洛Wú Yíluò:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
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Wu Yiluo, Yiluo Wu(Given/Family).
about 1704~1766 AD.
《傷寒分經》(Shang Han Fen Jing),《本草從新》(Ben Cao Cong Xin),《成方切用》(Cheng Fang Qie Yong),《一源必徹》(Yi Yuan Bi Che),《四診須詳》(Si Zhen Xu Xiang),《雜癥條律》(Za Zheng Tiao Lv)、《女科宜今》(Nv Ke Yi Jin),《周易註》(Zhou Yi Zhu),《春秋傳義》(Chun Qiu Chuan Yi).
《傷寒分經》(Shang Han Fen Jing),《本草从新》(Ben Cao Cong Xin),《成方切用》(Cheng Fang Qie Yong).
Biography and legends:
吳儀洛(Wú Yíluò), alias 遵程(Zūn Chéng), a native of Shupu, a Xiu Cai(scholar). He was born in a family of famous herbalists for generations, and his previous generations had a wealth of book collections. Many books of famous masters were collected, such as collections of poems, classics, and history, and there were many rare medical books. They were well-known for studying and practicing medicine. He studied as a candidate for the imperial examinations at a young age, read the medical books in leisure, and later changed to study Qi Huang(the study of Qi Bo and Huang Di, or the traditional Chinese medicine). He ever traveled to Hubei, Guangdong, Hebei, Henan, and other places, and stayed in Siming (today's Ningbo) for five years, enter the Tian Yi chamber to read medical books hardly, his learning turned refined gradually. In his spare time of practicing medicine, he gathered books to read widely and refined his study in syndromes. He practiced medicine for 40 years and was famous in the township.
Main books and academic thoughts:
Wu Yiluo is the author of books 《本草從新》(Ben Cao Cong Xin, or the New Compilation of Materia Medica), 《傷寒分經》(Shang Han Fen Jing, or the Separate Channels of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), and 《成方切用》(Cheng Fang Qie Yong, or the prescriptions apt to applications). He ever wrote other books, 《一源必徹》(Yi Yuan Bi Che, or the one source of everything), 《四診須詳》(Si Zhen Xu Xiang, or the details of four diagnoses), 《雜癥條律》(Za Zheng Tiao Lv, or the principles and entries of miscellaneous diseases)、《女科宜今》(Nv Ke Yi Jin, or the Gynecology apt to today's conditions), 《周易註》(Zhou Yi Zhu, or the Annotations on the I Ching), 《春秋傳義》(Chun Qiu Chuan Yi), etc., most of these books are scattered and lost.
《本草從新》(Ben Cao Cong Xin, or the New Compilation of Materia Medica), 18 volumes, it was compiled by Wu Yiluo and finished in the Qianlong 22nd year(the year 1757 AD), published in the same year. The book recorded 721 kinds of herbs, which are 240 kinds more than herbs recorded in 《本草備要》(Ben Cao Bei Yao, or the Essentials of Materia Medica). The book is composed of 6 volumes, and each volume is divided into 3 volumes, a total of 18 volumes, and more than 210 kinds of herbs were attached (including those not listed separately). The book is a pharmacological work re-edited based on Wang Ang's Ben Cao Bei Yao(the Essentials of Materia Medica), and nearly 300 kinds of medicinal herbs have been added. Cordyceps, Radix Pseudoginseng, etc. are firstly collected herbs in this book. At the same time, the authenticity of the herb and the same herb name with the difference in nature, taste, function, etc., are all mentioned one by one. There are quite a few new views about the medicinal properties of herbs. The classification of the whole book imitates Ben Cao Gang Mu(the Compendium of Materia Medica), which is more concise and practical. This book has been widely circulated in modern Chinese Materia Medica works and has a certain value for learning and clinical reference.
《成方切用》(Cheng Fang Qie Yong, or the prescriptions apt to applications), the author extensively collected effective prescriptions from past dynasties, collected more than 1,300 prescriptions from the past and the time, explained the meaning of the prescriptions, detailed additions, and subtractions, and the principles of treatment, the theory of prescriptions, and the practical application, almost all issues related to prescriptions are discussed.
《傷寒分經》(Shang Han Fen Jing, or the Separate Channels of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), works on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), ten-volumes, it was compiled by Wu Yiluo. The book was finished in the Qianlong 32nd year(the year 1766 AD). Wu Yiluo praised Yu Chang's book 《尚論篇》(Shang Lun Pian), and believed that Yu "subordinated the three hundred and ninety-seven methods into the outlines, it achieved the subtlety of channels separations", so the book was re-edited with the title of "Fen Jing", supplemented and annotated. The book also introduced Yu's "autumn dryness theory", "theory of sudden death from cold direct attack" which were discussed in Yu Chang's book 《醫門法律》(Yi Men Fa Lv, or the Principle and Prohibition for Medical profession). In terms of academic insights, this book lacks new supplements and elaborations. The original engraved copy survived till today.
1.吳儀洛Wú Yíluò:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.