許宏Xǔ Hóng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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許宏(Xǔ Hóng).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 許宏(Xǔ Hóng)Alias: 宗道(Zōng Dào)
Popular name: 許宏(Xǔ Hóng)English Name: Xu Hong, or Hong Xu(Given/Family)
Hometown: UnknownDates: about 1341~1421 AD
Main works: 《金鏡內臺方義》(Jin Jing Nei Tai Fang Yi, or the Golden Mirror of the Inner Stage Recipes).
Representative works: 《金鏡內臺方義》(Jin Jing Nei Tai Fang Yi, or the Golden Mirror of the Inner Stage Recipes).

Biography and legends:


 許宏Xǔ Hóng 許宏(Xǔ Hóng), alias 宗道(Zōng Dào), he studied Confucianism in his childhood and was not known in medicine, was famous for effectiveness in treating strange diseases and syndromes, so later he became famous for a period. He was one of the influential herbalist in the Ming Dynasty. Xu Hong paid much attention to collecting and researching prescriptions throughout his life.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 The book 《金鏡內臺方義》(Jin Jing Nei Tai Fang Yi, or the Golden Mirror of the Inner Stage Recipes) is a TCM work written by Xu Hong, in twelve volumes, about the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) and Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber). There is a preface by 馮士仁(Féng Shìrén) at the beginning of the book, and a postscript by 程永培(Chéng Yǒngpéi) at the end of the book. The book summarized the 113 prescriptions of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) into three categories: decoction, powder, and pills. Volume 1 to Volume 10 are collected prescriptions of decoctions, total one hundred and one prescriptions are recorded; volume eleven is collected prescriptions of powder, total seven prescriptions are recorded; volume 12 is collected prescriptions of pills, total five prescriptions are recorded, followed by 2 articles of applications. For each prescription he listed its compatibility and combination of the monarch, minister, assistant and guide, and attaches arguments one by one to illustrate the meaning of the prescription, and the evidence of application, prohibition, and development after the medicine are recorded too. For the difficult points, questions and answers were set up, and the meaning was explained repeatedly. For the name of the book, the author classified the contents from Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) as the "Nei Tai Fang", and classified the contents related with miscellaneous diseases as the "Wai Tai Fang", so the book has such a name. The meanings of the prescriptions has a clear explanation and with innovations. It is an important reference book for the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

 The book was finished in the Yongle 20th year of the Ming dynasty(year 1422 AD). There was a manuscript in the early period of the Qing dynasty, and it was corrected and published by 程永培(Chéng Yǒngpéi) in the Qianlong 59th year(the year 1794 AD).

References:
  • 1.許宏Xǔ Hóng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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