尤怡Yóu Yí:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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尤怡(Yóu Yí).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 尤怡(Yóu Yí)Alias: 在涇(Zài Jīng)
Popular name: 尤怡(Yóu Yí)English Name: You Yi, or Yi You(Given/Family)
Hometown: Changzhou of Jiangsu.Dates: about 1650~1749 AD.
Main works: 《金匱要略心典》(Jin Kui Yao Lue Xin Dian),《傷寒貫珠集》(Shang Han Guan Zhu Ji).
Representative works: 《傷寒貫珠集》(Shang Han Guan Zhu Ji).

Biography and legends:


 a portrait of 尤怡Yóu Yí 尤怡(Yóu Yí), alias 在涇(Zài Jīng) or 飲鶴(Yin He), self-title 拙吾(Zhuo Wu) or 飼鶴山人(Si He Shan Ren), native to Changzhou (today's Wuxian county). When he was young, his family was poor and he was studious. He used to sell calligraphy for a living in a temple. Later he followed famous herbalist 馬俶(Mǎ Chù), a famous herbalist good in internal medicine during the Qing dynasty, and later he became a favorite disciple of Ma Chu and started to help people with his skills. You Yi treated people with many miraculous effects, and his academic attainments became more profound in his later years, many patients were cured unexpectedly, and he was known obviously. You Yi's character is quiet and calm, indifferent to fame or gain, not seeking to be heard, weak interest in fame and wealth, living as a hermit in Huaxi, good at poetry and ancient literature, in leisure he often read books and takes care of flowers, feed cranes and fish, writes books for self-entertainment, and self-titled 飼鶴山人(Si He Shan Ren, or a mountain man feeding cranes), seek fun in writing books, study diligently, read medical books widely, and have a deep study of Zhong Jing's books.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 another portrait of 尤怡Yóu Yí In his later years, You Yi's diagnosis and treatment techniques improved and refined, and he studied Zhongjing's works very deeply. His 《金匱要略心典》(Jin Kui Yao Lue Xin Dian, or the Heart Code of the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber),《傷寒貫珠集》(Shang Han Guan Zhu Ji, or A String of Beads from the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) were very influential in the study of Zhongjing's theory. Other works include 《醫學讀書記》(Yi Xue Du Shu Ji, or the Medical Reading Notes) three volumes, and a continuation volume,《金匮翼》(Jin Kui Yi, or the Supplements to the Commentaries on the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber) eight volumes, and 《靜香樓醫案》(Jing Xiang Lou Yi An, or the Medical Case Records by the Master of the Quiet Fragrant Mansion), the name of his collection of poems is 《北田詩稿》(Bei Tian Shi Gao, or the Poem Draft of the North Fields).

 《金匱要略心典》(Jin Kui Yao Lue Xin Dian, or the Heart Code of the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), three volumes, it was compiled by You Yi and was finished in the year 1729 AD. You Yi read the annotation books about Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), and stated:"The person with high nature is far-sighted, and the tune is swayed and the failure in his explaining is floating; the one who keeps the principles seeks to read and writes according to original texts, and he is afraid of his discussions loses the way." , so he took the old version of Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber) and tried to re-interpret it, make up the lost part where there are no notes in the original texts, and for those not very well in the record he revised it, so seek the heart or the purpose of the ancient sage. The title of the book is "Heart Code", which means "to seek the heart of the ancient Sage with my heart to get the code." This book is the study result of You Yi's experience over ten years. Based on compiling the books of the past, You's intensive discussion of Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber) combined with years of learning and clinical experience to explain Zhong Jing. The original meaning, the interpretation of the Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber) is concise, clear, well-organized, and well-founded. It explains the essence and meaning of Zhongjing's original text. For a few incomprehensible original texts, He would rather not give an annotation than make a reluctant interpretation, and he also corrected some mistakes that occurred during the circulation of the private copies of the ancient manuscript. He arranged an order of the contents of Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), collected the articles Zangfu-viscera meridian channels pulse syndrome of diseases the first, to the pulse syndrome of pulmonary dysfunction, lung carbuncle, cough, and abnormal rising of qi the seven, as the first volume; the treatment and pulse syndrome of renal mass eighth to the treatment and pulse syndrome of water-qi disease the fourteenth, as the second volume; the treatment of jaundice syndrome the fifteenth and the combined treatment of women's miscellaneous syndromes the twenty-second, as the third volume. The 3 articles of miscellaneous therapy and food forbidden in the original book are deleted and deleted some content added by later generations. With its in-depth understanding, this book can interpret Zhong Jing’s meanings a little more accurately. It is one of the more praised versions of the annotation works on the book Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber). It has a considerable influence in the annotation books, a valuable reference book in studying the book Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber).

 《傷寒貫珠集》(Shang Han Guan Zhu Ji, or A String of Beads from the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), eight-volume, is a commentary works on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). You Yi thinks that because of the disorderly sequence or order arrangement of Wang Shuhe and his compilation, the later generations debated, revised, and corrected, and formed their doctrines. The more the doctrines, the more obscure the truth will be. The book Shang Han Guan Zhu Ji(A String of Beads from the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) not only annotated the original text of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) one by one but also re-arranged the original sequence of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) by using the six channels as the outline, the treatment method as the items, classify the syndromes according to prescriptions, make a new order arrangement of the original texts and classified them, make the features of the treatment methods turn obvious. Each of the six channels outlines its outlines. In addition to the routine treatment method, it also lists the modified methods of the channels. For example, the diseases of Tai Yang and diseases from Tai Yang syndromes are treated by the routine treatment, and others are treated by the method of contingency, reverse treatment, and methods for a similar disease. There are more Yang Ming fu-viscera diseases than Yang Ming channel diseases, the routine treatment is applied for the Yang Ming Fu-viscera disease, and has differences between purgation, clearing, warming, etc.; the second is the clear differentiation method, purgation and externally moisturizing and other methods; and the third is the miscellaneous treatment, or disperse or administer to treat yellowing of the disease, blood accumulation and other syndromes. Shaoyang is between the exterior and the interior, located at the lamina, the outside layer is not to the skin, and the inside layer is not to the internal viscera, there are cautions for sweating, vomiting and purgation. However, Xiao Chaihu Decoction reconciling superficies and interior, which is the routine treatment of Shaoyang; secondly, there is the Shaoyang contingent method, reconciliation with sweating and purgation; followed by the method of acupuncture. For Taiyin apoplexy, the method of sweating with Guizhi Decoction is used; in the syndrome of diseases of the viscera and channels together, the method of the interior first then the exterior is applied. Shaoyin is the interior of the Tai Yang, located between the Jue Yin and Tai Yin, those who have pathogen in the Tai Yang and already invaded internally and arrived at Shaoyin, those who have cold in Shaoyin but still connect to the Tai Yang, and those who have pathogen in Shaoyin and either affect Jueyin or Tai Yin, the treatment method is nothing more than heat-clearing, purgation, warming, and method of life and death. Jueyin disease, extreme Yin and recovery of Yang, so it is advisable to distinguish the advancement and retreat of Jue fever first, to identify the chance of life and death, and secondly, life and death are trivial. There are cold and heat in Jueyin syndromes, and there are different treatment methods, such as clearing heat and warming methods, and also has a method for recurrence caused by overexertion after recovery, and so on. You Yi's Shang Han Guan Zhu Ji(A String of Beads from the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) are well organized with its treatment methods, clear and logical in order of arrangement, not limited to the ancients. It has his elaborations and is of reference value for studying Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) and clinical application of syndrome differentiation.

 《金匮翼》(Jin Kui Yi, or the Supplements to the Commentaries on the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), eight volumes, it was compiled by You Yi. The book is a result when You Yi tried to make a supplement to his book Jin Kui Yao Lue Xin Dian(the Heart Code of the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), so it is called "Jin Kui Yi(or the Wings of the Golden Chamber)". The book elaborates on miscellaneous diseases of internal medicine, a total of forty-eight departments, each department first states the general theory, then separates the syndromes, symptoms, and treatment methods, and at the end is accompanied by a note. Distinguish between the exterior and interior, the deficiency and excess of each syndrome, the function of replenishing and warming or cooling method, is clear and easy to understand.

 《醫學讀書記》(Yi Xue Du Shu Ji, or the Medical Reading Notes), 3 volumes, continuous notes 1 volume, it was compiled by You Yi and finished in the year 1729 AD. Miscellaneous notes for reading syndromes and treatment. The title of each article is divided into questions, and relevant content in ancient documents is quoted for brief analysis, or comment and textual research. Entries of quotations from medical records are attached to the book.

References:
  • 1.尤怡Yóu Yí:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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