余景和Yú Jǐnghé:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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余景和(Yú Jǐnghé).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 余景和(Yú Jǐnghé)Alias: 聽鴻(Tīng Hóng)
Popular name: 余景和(Yú Jǐnghé)English Name: Yu Jinghe, or Jinghe Yu(Given/Family).
Hometown: Jingxi,Yixing of JiangsuDates: about 1847~1907 AD.
Main works: 《余註傷寒論翼》(Yu Zhu Shang Han Lun Yi),《傷寒六經病解》(Shang Han Liu Jing Bing Jie),《傷寒啟蒙集稿》(Shang Han Qi Meng Ji Gao),《余聽鴻醫案》(Yu Ting Hong Yi An)..
Representative works: 《余註傷寒論翼》(Yu Zhu Shang Han Lun Yi),《傷寒六經病解》(Shang Han Liu Jing Bing Jie).

Biography and legends:


 余景和Yú Jǐnghé 余景和(Yú Jǐnghé), alias 聽鴻(Tīng Hóng), he was born in Yixing, Jiangsu in the Qing dynasty. He was born in Daoguang 27th year(the year 1847 AD) and died in the Guangxu 33rd year (the year 1907 AD) at the age of 60. Yu Jinghe was a famous herbalist of the Menghe School in the late Qing dynasty. He was humble, had noble medical ethics and good skills, and profound knowledge of cold-induced diseases. His father, 余臚卿(Yú lúqing), was a famous candidate scholar in the town. His family members mostly died in wars at Xianfeng's 10th year(the year 1860 AD). Yu Jinghe was only 9 years old when he lost his father. His mother 繆氏(lady Miao), skilled in poems and etiquette, thanks her teaching Yu Jinghe could write books later. He went to Wujin Menghe herbal shop as an apprentice when he was 13 years old. During this period, he was diligent and self-motivating due to the hardships of his life experience in childhood. He was close to herbs by his career, and he also accepted education from his brother, so he took the book Yi Zong Jin Jian and other books, learned with single-minded, never stopped year by year. The shopkeeper caught a refusing Yang syndrome, seek treatment from herbalists but was ineffective, his life was endangered, Yu Jinghe tried to treat him with Fu Gui and he recovered. By the age of twenty, he had been able to recite books Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic), etc., but he was ashamed to have no the succession of teachings from a master herbalist. Fortunately, 費蘭泉(Fei Lanquan), a famous Menghe herbalist, accepted him as a disciple. For more than ten years since then, he worked as a fellow at a medicine and tea shop. Although he did not hang the pot for treatment, he occasionally treated people's illnesses. In the year 1882, Yu Jinghe moved to Changshu, where he officially practiced medicine at the invitation of his friends, and He became famous for his repeated successful treatment of severe illnesses. He consulted from the morning till evening to help the old and the young, walking here to there his shoe's sole was broken. His medical skills are so profound that a famous herbalist, Wang Lianshi in the late Qing dynasty said: "Anyone who started from cold-induced diseases, is better than current ones." Yu Jinghe was born lonely, experienced the difficulties of the world, and has noble medical ethics. Herbalist Sun Sigong praised him "Plain and gentle, gentlemen and folks at countryside who seek treatment, he asked them carefully and do not discriminate them. Without flattery and pride, no fashionable and exaggerated custom."

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Yu Jinghe's books mainly are:《余註傷寒論翼》(Yu Zhu Shang Han Lun Yi, or the Supplement Annotations on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases by Yu), four volumes, one of Yu Jinghe's representative works and is popular. Two of his original manuscripts 《傷寒六經病解》(Shang Han Liu Jing Bing Jie, the Explanation of the cold-induced diseases and syndromes of the six channels),《傷寒啟蒙集稿》(Shang Han Qi Meng Ji Gao, or the Collective enlightenment drafts of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) survived till today.

 《余註傷寒論翼》(Yu Zhu Shang Han Lun Yi, or the Supplement Annotations on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases by Yu), four volumes, it was written by 柯琴(Kē Qín) and noted by 余景和(Yú Jǐnghé), is one of Yu Jinghe's representative works, popular, the book was published in the year 1893 AD. Yu believed that Ke's work was "simplistically organized in order of arrangement, clear in discussion", so he appended the copy of Shang Han Lun Yi(the Supplementary Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), added annotations and compiled this book. According to Yu's own claim, there are slight discrepancies between the supplemented lost words and Ke Qin's original text.

 《傷寒六經病解》(Shang Han Liu Jing Bing Jie, the Explanation of the cold-induced diseases and syndromes of the six channels), edited by Yu Jinghe, it was finished in the Guangxu 17th year(the year 1891 AD). Yu Jinghe obtained a copy of Shang Han Lun Yi(the Supplementary Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) in Guangxu 16th year(the year 1890 AD), and then used the experience of his daily study as an annotation, named Yu Zhu Shang Han Lun Yi(the Supplement Annotations on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases by Yu). The book Shang Han Liu Jing Bing Jie(the Explanation of the cold-induced diseases and syndromes of the six channels) is a part of the explanations about the six-channel syndromes of cold-induced diseases.

 《傷寒啟蒙集稿》(Shang Han Qi Meng Ji Gao, or the Collective enlightenment drafts of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), is a traditional Chinese medical literature compiled by Ke Qin, and annotated by Yu Jinghe, seven volumes; Ke Qin's book was finished in the Kangxi eighth year(the year 1669 AD), and Yu Jinghe's annotation was about during the Guangxu period (the year 1875~1908 AD). The 1st to 6th volumes explain Taiyang disease, Yangming disease, Shaoyang disease, Taiyin disease, Shaoyin disease, and Jueyin disease in turn. The 7th volume discussed the methods of formulating prescriptions. Yu's commentary emphasizes that the four diagnostic methods should not be neglected, such as joy and suffering, sleeplessness when want to sleep, and inability to eat when want to eat, it must be carefully examined in the practice; the yin and yang, deficiency and excess, positive and negative, true and false of cold-induced diseases must be distinguished and differentiated without confusions; The prescription's establishment according to syndromes should have regulations and principles, but also should be adaptable and flexible to specific conditions.

References:
  • 1.余景和Yú Jǐnghé:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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