張璧Zhāng Bì:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
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Zhang Bi, or Bi Zhang(Given/Family).
Unknown,about 12th to 13th century.
《傷寒保命集》(Shang Han Bao Ming Ji) 2 volumes,《雲岐子脈訣》(Yun Qi Zi Mai Jue)
《傷寒保命集》(Shang Han Bao Ming Ji),《雲岐子脈訣》(Yun Qi Zi Mai Jue).
Biography and legends:
張璧(Zhāng Bì), alias 雲岐子(Yún Qízǐ), was born in Yizhou (today's Yixian, Hebei), a herbalist in the Jin Dynasty. He is the son of famous herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù), exact years of his is unknown, and he lived during the 12th to 13th century, his pulse study is quite accurate, and he also has some study on the theory of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).
Main books and academic thoughts:
Zhang Bi’s works on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) mainly is 《傷寒保命集》(Shang Han Bao Ming Ji), his other works are 《脈談》(Mai Tan, or Discussion of Pulse),《醫學新說》(Yi Xue Xin Shuo, or the New Medical Theory), etc., were also published.
《傷寒保命集》(Shang Han Bao Ming Ji, or the Life Saving Collection of Shang Han) is a book on the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), its another name was known as 《雲岐子保命集論類要》(Yun Qi Zi Bao Ming Ji Lun Lei Yao, or the categorized summary of Yun Qi Zi's Life Saving Collection), two volumes, a book written by Zhang Bi of Yuan Dynasty. The book discusses syndromes of Shang Han, the main prescription, variant prescriptions of Shang Han(the exogenous febrile diseases) and indications accordingly. Distinguished cold-induced diseases and warm diseases. It introduced the acupuncture method of Shang Han syndromes, miscellaneous syndromes of Shang Han, Shang Han transmission and deteriorated case, and some common miscellaneous diseases of internal. The indications are clear, and the selected prescriptions are mostly practical. The pediatric disease is attached at the end. It was later compiled into a series collection book 《濟生拔粹》(Ji Sheng Ba Cui, or the essence for succouring sick).
《雲岐子脈訣》(Yun Qi Zi Mai Jue, or the Pulse Formulas of Yun Qi Zi), a book on pulse studies. The full name is 《雲岐子七表八裏九道脈訣論並治法》(Yun Qi Zi Qi Biao Ba Li Jiu Dao Mai Jue Lun Bing Zhi Fa, or the Pulse Formulas of Yun Qi Zi about seven exteriors eight interiors and nine channels with treatment methods), written by Zhang Bi. The exact year of compilation is unknown. This book refers to the theories from ancient works Neijing(the Inner Canon), Mai Jing(the Pulse Classic), and the theory of the Zhongjing's pulse method, combined with the relevant expositions of later generations and the family inherited pulse theory, and set the seven exteriors eight interiors and nine channels as the outline to discuss the main syndromes and treatment methods with prescriptions of each channel, combined with many his own viewpoints. Later the book was collected into a series collection book 《濟生拔粹》(Ji Sheng Ba Cui, or the essence for succouring sick).
1.張璧Zhāng Bì:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.