張錫駒Zhāng Xījū:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.
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Zhang Xiju, or Xiju Zhang(Given/Family).
about 1644~? AD.
《傷寒論直解》(Shang Han Lun Zhi Jie),《胃氣論》(Wei Qi Lun).
《傷寒論直解》(Shang Han Lun Zhi Jie),《胃氣論》(Wei Qi Lun).
Biography and legends:
張錫駒(Zhāng Xījū), alias 令韶(Líng Sháo), was native to Qiantang, lived during the late period of the Ming dynasty and early period of the Qing dynasty. He was born in the Chongzhen 17th year of the Ming Dynasty (the year 1644 AD), and his passing away year is unknown. He inherited his family's medicine study and skills. His father 大章公(Da Zhanggong), ever studied Qi Bo and Huang Di's books(traditional Chinese medicine) and kept his manuscripts at the desk. He ever told Zhang Xiju said: "You should be good at following my wills." Followed his father's legacy, Xi Ju inherited his father’s ambition to study medicine, studied day and night, and visited to study with the famous herbalist Zhang Zhicong (other literature recorded he learned from the famous herbalist Zhang Qingzi of the early Qing dynasty), study hard with the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), gradually achieved big progress in study. In severe cases or complicated diseases, as the medicine took effect, the symptoms vanished, which is beyond a lot of herbalists of that epoch.
Main books and academic thoughts:
Zhang Xiju's major works are 《傷寒論直解》(Shang Han Lun Zhi Jie) and 《胃氣論》(Wei Qi Lun)
《傷寒論直解》(Shang Han Lun Zhi Jie, or the Direct Annotations on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), a book on the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), six volumes, it was compiled by Zhang Xiju, published in the year 1712 AD. In the process of studying medicine, he gradually realized many shortcomings in the annotations of Cheng Wuji’s annotations on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), so he re-annotated the Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), and wrote Shang Han Lun Zhi Jie(the Direct Annotations on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), which was finished in the Kangxi 20th year (the year 1681 AD). However, Zhang did not publish it at that time because he worried that he was not good at academic studies and misguided later generations. It was until the Kangxi 51st year(the year 1712 AD) that he called his disciples to revise the manuscript before they dared to publish it. It was finally published in the Kangxi 51st year(the year 1712 AD). This book expounds Zhongjing's theory with the theory of Nei Jing(the Inner Canon), explaining profound theories in simple language, integrating with reality, and giving a lot of inspiration. This book is similar to 《張卿子傷寒論》(Zhang Qingzi Shang Han Lun, or the Zhang Qingzi Treatise on Febrile Diseases), deleted the Shang Han Li(the case of cold-induced diseases) of Wang Shuhe's edition, and the rest are edited according to it. The purpose is to maintain the old theory. The annotation method also adopts the method of "collect sections and divided into chapters", and its prominent insight is "the theory of six channels and Six Qi theory". It is believed that human beings are connected to heaven and earth. Under normal circumstances, the six Qi of the human body runs from one to three, namely from one Jueyin, two Shaoyin, three Taiyin, and then three Yang, which is the transmission of Qi. The spread of pathogens from three to one, namely from the Tai Yang, Yang Ming, Shaoyang, and then to three Yin, is called disease transmission. Once the Qi is spread from one channel to another channel in one day, the spread of the disease is not limited by time and days. His book interprets Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), based on the theory of Qi transforming theory which was discussed in ancient works Suwen: Tianyuanji Dalun, and provides an important reference for later generations to study and apply Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). It is one representative work of the Qi transforming theory school. In short, Zhang's integration of the Nei Jing theory to interpret Zhongjing's Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) will help readers understand the meaning of the classics and connect with clinical practice. Other works titled 《傷寒附余》(Shang Han Fu Yu, or the Attached Residue of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) is attached at the end. There are various kinds of block editions survived till today, including the first engraved block edition.
《胃氣論》(Wei Qi Lun, or the Theory on Stomach Qi), regardless of volume, compiled by Zhang Xiju of the Qing dynasty. It was finished in the Jiaqing 2nd year(the year 1797 AD), also known as 《辨雜癥》(Bian Za Zheng, or the Syndrome Differentiation of Miscellaneous Diseases). Zhang used the discussion about stomach Qi from ancient works Su Wen(the Plain Questions) and Ling Shu(the Spiritual Pivot or Divine Axis) as the reference for his discussion of the stomach Qi, and explained the importance of stomach Qi in the book, and proposed that the treatment of cold-induced diseases should be based on stomach Qi. "Should not stop the food intake, it is advisable to drink with rice porridge, or with gruel, to support the stomach Qi, so that the stomach Qi is sufficient, and pathogens can not invading. For those who are full in the abdomen and do not want to eat or eat with uneasiness, it is necessary to diagnose the disease and treat it accordingly, it is not necessary to use digestive herbs for treatment." The book has some value for reference.
1.張錫駒Zhāng Xījū:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.