張誌聰Zhāng Zhìcōng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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張誌聰(Zhāng Zhìcōng).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 張誌聰(Zhāng Zhìcōng)Alias: 隱庵(Yǐn ān)
Popular name: 張誌聰(Zhāng Zhìcōng)English Name: Zhang Zhicong, Zhicong Zhang(Given/Family).
Hometown: QiantangDates: about 1610~1674 AD.
Main works: 《黃帝內經素問集註》(Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen Ji Zhu),《靈樞經集註》(Ling Shu Jing Ji Zhu),《傷寒論宗印》(Shang Han Lun Zong Yin),《金匱要略註》(Jin Kui Yao Lue Zhu),《侶山堂類辨》(Lv Shan Tang Lei Bian),《本草崇原》(Ben Cao Chong Yuan),《傷寒論綱目》(Shang Han Lun Gang Mu),《伤寒论集注》(Shang Han Lun Ji Zhu).
Representative works: 《黃帝內經素問集註》(Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen Ji Zhu).

Biography and legends:


 a portrait of 張誌聰Zhāng Zhìcōng 張誌聰(Zhāng Zhìcōng), alias 隱庵(Yǐn ān), native to Qiantang, according to records he was born in the Wanli 38th year of the Ming dynasty(the year 1610 AD) and passed away in the Kangxi 19th year of the Qing dynasty(the year 1674 AD). He is a famous herbalist in the Ming and Qing dynasties. He mastered medicine skills, acupuncture and moxibustion. Zhang Zhicong had nobody to rely on in his childhood, so gave up studying Confucianism but to study medicine. He was born in a herbalist family and nine generations of his ancestors were all herbalists. He was ever a disciple of Zhang Suicheng, a famous herbalist, and later established a home school named Lushantang and recruited his disciples to teach. Zhang read many books, his study followed the ancient works Nei Jing(the Inner Canon) and Zhang Zhongjing, he made an in-depth study on Nei Jing(the Inner Canon) and Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), and he made unique contributions. At that time, the famous herbalist 卢之颐(Lú Zhīyí) used Zen to participate in the medical theory, and achieved miraculous effects in the treatment, his reputation changed. Zhang Zhicong also became famous.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Zhang Zhicong once collected, annotated, and compiled books 《素問集註》(Su Wen Ji Zhu, or the variorum of the Plain Questions, or the Collected Notes on the Plain Questions), 《靈樞經集註》(Ling Shu Jing Ji Zhu, or the variorum of the Spiritual Pivot, or the Collected Notes on the Spiritual Pivot), and other books; he advocated that Ling Shu(the Spiritual Pivot) is a monograph on acupuncture and moxibustion. His book 《黃帝內經素問集註》(Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen Ji Zhu) is the crystallization of the collective wisdom of him and his disciples, they mime the annotation of classics by scholars of Li Xue(a Confucian school of idealist philosophy of the Song and Ming dynasties), made annotations sentence by sentence according to the original texts of Su Wen(the Plain Questions), has a good reference value for the study of Nei Jing(the Inner Canon). His other works are 《傷寒論宗印》(Shang Han Lun Zong Yin), 《金匱要略註》(Jin Kui Yao Lue Zhu), 《侶山堂類辨》(Lv Shan Tang Lei Bian), 《本草崇原》(Ben Cao Chong Yuan), 《傷寒論綱目》(Shang Han Lun Gang Mu), 《傷寒論集註》(Shang Han Lun Ji Zhu). There was also a book named 《針灸秘傳》(Zhen Jiu Mi Chuan), which has not been handed down, there are many disciples of him.

 In Zhang Zhicong's later years, he compiled the book 《傷寒論綱目》(Shang Han Lun Gang Mu, or the Outline of Treatise on Febrile Diseases), 9 volumes, its compilation was finished at the year 1673 AD, and then he collected the annotations on Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) from various schools and compiled a new book named 《傷寒論集註》(Shang Han Lun Ji Zhu, or the variorum of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases, or the Collected Notes on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), but Zhang Zhicong passed away for illness before the book manuscript was finished, his disciple 高世栻(Gao Shishi) and so on continued the unfinished book and finished it, revised it in six volumes, the book was completed in 1683 AD and was published. The book respects the edition and theories from Wang Shuhe and Zhang Suicheng and deleted the original part Shang Han Li(the cases of the cold-induced diseases). Listed the original texts of the six channels first, then listed Huo Luan, Yin Yang Yi, Chai Hou Lao Fu(recurrence caused by overexertion after recovery), then listed Jing Shi Ye Han Tu Xia Hou(convulsions, dampness, Ye, perspiration, vomiting, purgation, etc.), then listed the methods of pulse identification and normal pulse. The chapters are divided and advocated to maintain the old theory and edition from Wang Shuhe, and proposed to use the doctrine of Yunqi(doctrine of five evolutive phases and six climatic factors) to explain the pathogenesis of the six channels. In the book, some commentaries from the predecessors are selected, and there are many insights from Zhang Zhicong and his disciple Gao Shihi.

 There is another book with the same book name 《傷寒論集註》(Shang Han Lun Ji Zhu, or the variorum of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases, or the Collected Notes on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), in 10 volumes, it was compiled by herbalist 徐赤(Xú Chì) of the Qing dynasty, and finished in the Yongzheng 5th year(the year 1727 AD).

References:
  • 1.張誌聰Zhāng Zhìcōng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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