鄭重光Zhèng Chóngguāng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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鄭重光(Zhèng Chóngguāng).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 鄭重光(Zhèng Chóngguāng)Alias: 在辛(Zài Xīn),素圃(Sù Bǔ)
Popular name: 鄭重光(Zhèng Chóngguāng)English Name: Zheng Chongguang, or Chongguang Zheng(Given/Family).
Hometown: ShexianDates: about 1638~1716 AD.
Main works: 《郑素圃医书五种》(Zheng Su Bu Yi Shu Wu Zhong).
Representative works: 《郑素圃医书五种》(Zheng Su Bu Yi Shu Wu Zhong).

Biography and legends:


 鄭重光Zhèng Chóngguāng 鄭重光(Zhèng Chóngguāng), a herbalist of the Qing dynasty, alias 在辛(Zài Xīn), self-title 素圃(Sù Bǔ), changed self-title to 完夫(Wan Fu) in his old age. A native of Shexian County, Anhui. He ever republished the works 《集驗簡便諸方》(Ji Yan Jian Bian Zhu Fang) of his previous generations. In the Kangxi 1st year (the year 1662 AD), his father was seriously ill, he helped to treat him with decoctions for a long time, and fell ill later, so he sighed that the medical skills of herbalists at that epoch was not perfect, he started to read the medical books since the ancient book Nei Jing(the Internal Classics), thoroughly understand the principles of medicine and cure diseases with miraculous effects. Clinical diagnosis is detailed and careful, especially innovative in Shang Han(cold-induced disease) and warm disease. After his death, he was privately named "貞愨先生(Zhēn Què Teacher, or Loyal and Sincere Teacher)" by native folks in the township. 鐘蔚(Zhōngwèi), his son, inherited his father's skills.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Zheng Chongguang ever took Fang Youzhi's works 《傷寒論條辨》(Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian, or the entries' identification of Shang Han Lun), delete its complicated and reduplicated parts, add the theories of Yu Chang, Zhang Lu, and Cheng Jiaoqian, with his views, compiled the book 《傷寒論條辨續註》(Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian Xu Zhu) to supplement for those not discussed by Fang Youzhi. And then compiled 《傷寒論證辨》(Shang Han Lun Zheng Bian, or the Syndromes Differentiation of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), classified the syndromes to different channels. The condition of the disease is discussed in detail in each syndrome. He checked and revised the authoritative text of Ke Qin's 《傷寒論翼》(Shang Han Lun Yi) in 2 volumes. He annotated 《溫疫論》(Wen Yi Lun, or the Theory of Epidemic Disease), and compiled the book 《溫疫論補註》(Wen Yi Lun Bu Zhu, or the Theory of Epidemic Disease). Likewise, he wrote 《素圃醫案》(Su Pu Yi An, or the Su Pu's Medical Records) in 4 volumes. Later generations published the above five books together as 《鄭素圃醫書五種》(Zheng Su Bu Yi Shu Wu Zhong, or the Five Kinds of Zheng Supu Medical Books)". He ever republished the book 《集驗簡便諸方》(Ji Yan Jian Bian Zhu Fang) of his previous generations.

 《傷寒論條辨續註》(Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian Xu Zhu, or the Continued Supplement on the entries' identification of Shang Han Lun), 12 volumes, is one of the achievements of Zheng's study on the theory of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases). Zheng followed Zhongjing's theory, in favor of the theory of Fang Youzhi, "based on the book Tiao Bian, delete the extra words, collected discussions from other books Shang Lun, Zuan Lun, Shang Han Lun Yi, combined his views, compromise into one book", the book was finished in the Kangxi YiYou year(the year 1705 AD), 12 volumes. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd volumes are about the syndrome differentiation and treatment of the Tai Yang disease. The 4th and 5th volumes are about the syndrome differentiation and treatment of the Yangming disease. The 6th volume is about syndrome differentiation and treatment of Shao Yang disease, combined disease, overlapping, with pulse and symptoms. The 7th volume is about syndrome differentiation and treatment of Tai Yin diseases, the 8th and 9th volumes are about syndrome differentiation and treatment of Shao Yin diseases, the 10th volume is about syndrome differentiation and treatment of Jue Yin diseases, recurrence caused by overexertion after recovery, Yin Yang Yi, the 11th volume is about syndrome differentiation and treatment of warm disease, wind warm disease, Huo Luan, phlegm disease and edema disease, with pulse and symptoms, the 12th volume is about syndrome differentiation and treatment of convulsion, dampness disease, Ye disease, with pulse and symptoms. All the texts of the articles followed original texts of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), the general introduction is edited and listed at the beginning part of each chapter, followed by differentiation and annotation in detail, with many elaborations.

 《傷寒論證辨》(Shang Han Lun Zheng Bian, or the Syndromes Differentiation of the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), three volumes. It was compiled by Zheng Chongguang of the Qing dynasty. It was finished in the Kangxi 50th year(the year 1711 AD). There are two separate volumes of the first volume, gave differentiation on the transmission and change of cold-induced disease, the yin and yang, cold and heat, deficiency and excess of cold-induced diseases, heat in the exterior and cold in the interior, heat in the interior and cold in the exterior, etc., as well as diseases of women, postpartum, cold-induced disease during pregnancy and wind warm disease, winter warm disease, etc.; there are three separate volumes in the second or the middle volume, gave differentiation on fever, aversion to cold, aversion to wind, hot flashes, and other symptoms. The upper and the middle volumes collected syndromes and indexed them, listed channels according to syndromes, under each entry, collected the original text of Zhongjing's works, or use notes from various schools since the Jin, Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties, or add Zheng's self-annotation, the discussion is detailed and clear; There are also two separate volumes in the third volume, collected and compiled the prescriptions of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), the 26 prescriptions on the treatment of cold-induced disease from Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), and the prescriptions of later generations for easy retrieval by syndromes. The original edition of this book is rare, it is an important reference book for the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases).

 《溫疫論補註》(Wen Yi Lun Bu Zhu, or the Theory of Epidemic Disease), 2 volumes. It was originally compiled by Wu Youxing of the Ming dynasty, and it was supplemented by Zheng Chongguang. The book was compiled and finished in the Kangxi 49th year(the year 1710 AD). It is one of the annotated editions of 《溫疫論》(Wen Yi Lun, or the Theory of Epidemic Disease), which was supplemented by Zheng according to his views on clinical experience, and has many elaborations in the treatment of Epidemic Disease.

 《素圃醫案》(Su Pu Yi An, or the Su Pu's Medical Records), a book of medical records, four volumes, compiled by Zheng Chongguang, the book was finished in the year 1707 AD. The 1st volume is about the treatment effect of cold-induced diseases; The 2nd volume is about syndrome differentiation and treatment of summer syndrome, malaria, dysentery; The 3rd volume is about various central syndromes, male disease treatment; The 4th volume is about the gynecological disease, disease of birth and pregnancy, etc. Zheng is good at miscellaneous internal diseases, gynecology, and obstetrics, his syndrome differentiation is true and his prescription application is accurate, so the diagnosis and treatment of diseases is quite courageous. His prescriptions and treatment are good at warming therapy, but not bigotry. The records of medical cases are more vivid and complete, which can help readers learn from them. The edition during the Kangxi period survived till today.

References:
  • 1.鄭重光Zhèng Chóngguāng:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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