周揚俊Zhōu Yángjùn:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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周揚俊(Zhōu Yángjùn).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 周揚俊(Zhōu Yángjùn)Alias: 禹載(Yǔ Zǎi)
Popular name: 周揚俊(Zhōu Yángjùn)English Name: Zhou Yangjun, or Yangjun Zhou(Given/Family).
Hometown: Suzhou FuDates: Unknown,about middle to late of 17th century.
Main works: 《傷寒論三註》(Shang Han Lun San Zhu),《溫熱暑疫全書》(Wen Re Shu Yi Quan Shu),《金匱玉函經二註》(Jin Kui Yu Han Jing Er Zhu).
Representative works: 《傷寒論三註》(Shang Han Lun San Zhu).

Biography and legends:


 周揚俊Zhōu Yángjùn  周揚俊(Zhōu Yángjùn), a herbalist ever lived during the Qing dynasty, his alias is 禹載(Yǔ Zǎi). A native of Suzhou Fu(today's Suzhou, Jiangsu). He studied as a candidate for the imperial examinations from a young age, did not achieve for several times until he was almost forty years old, so he gave up Confucianism and turn to study and practice medicine, and has studied Zhongjing's books for over ten years. In the Kangxi 10th year(the year 1671 AD), he came to the capital and was known as a herbalist.

Main books and academic thoughts:


 Zhou Yangjun’s works mainly are: 《溫熱暑疫全書》(Wen Re Shu Yi Quan Shu), 4 volumes(the year 1679 AD), 《傷寒論三註》(Shang Han Lun San Zhu), sixteen volumes(the year 1677 AD), 《金匱玉函經二註》(Jin Kui Yu Han Jing Er Zhu), 22 volumes(the year 1687 AD). He is very good at treating blood syndrome, with very good efficacy. He praised the book 《十藥神書》(Shi Yao Shen Shu, or the Miraculous book of Ten Recipes), supplement with annotations to it and published it in Kangxi 26th years(the year 1687 AD).

 《溫熱暑疫全書》(Wen Re Shu Yi Quan Shu, or the Complete book on Warm Disease and Febrile Disease, Summer Disease and Epidemics), a book about warm diseases, total 4 volumes, written by Zhou Yangjun of the Qing Dynasty, the book was finished in the year 1679 AD. This book discusses the warm diseases, febrile diseases, summer diseases, and epidemics in turns and into different chapters, selects original texts of ancient works Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) and Wenyi Lun(On Plague Diseases, or the Treatise on Pestilence), gives supplement, annotation, and elaborations, refer to the academic insights of various schools of warm diseases, characteristics and achievements, combined with personal opinions, analyzed various syndromes and symptoms in detail and established their treatment methods. The medical case records of predecessors are attached as a clinical reference. The original block copy and other block copies during the Qing dynasty survived till today.

 《傷寒論三註》(Shang Han Lun San Zhu, or Three Notes on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), in the Kangxi 16th year(the year 1677 AD), Zhou Yangjun took other 2 books, Fang Youzhi's book Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian(the entries' identification of Shang Han Lun) and Yu Chang's book Shang Lun Pian, combined with his views, compiled the book Shang Han Lun San Zhu(the Three Notes on the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), in sixteen volumes. However, Zhou also changed a lot in the editing of the original text of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) compared with Fang Youzhi and Yu Chang. It's also a masterpiece. At the beginning of each chapter of the six channels diseases, the principle of the circulation of the meridians is discussed, and it is believed that the six channels refer to the twelve meridians of the hands and feet, not the foot meridian alone, which supplements the theory of the six-foot meridians of Zhu Gong. The author emphasizes that the syndrome of cold-induced disease should be focused on wind and cold, so the discussion on the spring warm disease, summer heat disease, fire robbery, overlapping, combined disease, accumulation of yin cold in viscera, accumulation of pathogens in the chest, abdominal mass, convulsion and dampness disease, etc. are separately compiled later. In addition to the characteristics of both Fang Youzhi and Yu Chang's book, the book's interpretation of Zhongjing's original text is quite essential. Various kinds of block editions during the Qing dynasty and the first block edition survived till today.

 《金匱玉函經二註》(Jin Kui Yu Han Jing Er Zhu, or the Two Notes on Jin Kui Yu Han Jing), twenty-two volumes, a book about the study on the Jin Kui Yao Lue(the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), it was compiled by Zhou Yangjun and finished in the year 1687 AD. Zhou Yangjun praised previous herbalist 趙以德(Zhao Yide)'s 《金匱方論衍義》(Jin Kui Fang Lun Yan Yi, or the Extending Meanings of the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber), he made supplementary annotations based on this book, so the book was named "Two Notes". The supplementary part adopts Yu Chang's doctrine to integrate and elaborate. However, Zhou believes that "if things do not learn from the past, the method does not stand; if learn from the ancients without learning from the saints, the principles are not good." Reflects a certain idea of respecting the ancient and holy. There are many kinds of block editions during the Qing dynasty that survived till today.

References:
  • 1.周揚俊Zhōu Yángjùn:introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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