Introduction of Six-meridian syndrome differentiation.
✵The six-meridian syndrome differentiation, also known as six-meridian pattern identification, is the differentiation of syndromes(or identification of patterns) in accordance with the theory of the six meridians, applied to the diagnosis of acute febrile disease at different stages, but also useful for the syndrome differentiation(or identification of patterns) of other diseases.
Introduction of the syndromes of the Six-meridian.
Introduction: the syndromes of the six meridians is a collective term for diseases(or syndromes) of Taiyang, Yangming, Shaoyang, Taiyin, Shaoyin, and Jueyin meridians.
✵Taiyang syndrome: also known as greater yang syndrome, disease or syndrome characterized by an attack of pathogenic wind-cold to the body surface and struggle between the normal and pathogenic factors at the exterior portion of the body.
✦Taiyang meridian syndrome: also known as greater yang meridian syndrome, one of the syndromes of the six meridians due to attack of pathogenic wind-cold to the Taiyang meridian of the body surface, usually seen in the initial stage of the contraction, marked by chills and fever, pain in the head and neck, and floating pulse.
✧Taiyang Fu-viscera syndrome: a syndrome in which the urinary bladder taiyang fu-viscera) is attacked by the pathogen in an unrelieved Taiyang meridian syndrome.
✦Taiyang water-retention syndrome: a type of Taiyang fu-viscera syndrome in which the pathogen penetrates and causes retention of water in the bladder, manifested as fever and chills, oliguria, lower abdominal fullness, vomiting immediately after drinking, floating or floating and rapid pulse.
✦Taiyang blood-retention syndrome: a type of Taiyang fu-viscera syndrome in which the pathogen combines with blood and remains in the lower abdomen, manifested as lower abdominal cramps or fullness with rigidity, polyuria, delirium, amnesia, dark stool, and sunken and choppy or sunken and knotted pulse.
✵Yangming syndrome: also known as splendid yang syndrome, a syndrome marked by exuberant yang and dryness-heat in the stomach and intestines occurring in the course of a cold-induced febrile disease.
✦Yangming meridian syndrome: a syndrome caused by exuberant pathogenic heat flooding the Yangming meridian and spreading over the body but not yet inducing constipation, characteristically manifested as high fever without chills, profuse sweating, dire thirst, and full and gigantic pulse.
✧Yangming Fu-viscera syndrome: a syndrome caused by the accumulation of pathogenic heat in the stomach and large intestine, manifested by tidal fever in the afternoon, abdominal pain and tenderness, constipation, deep and forceful pulse, or even delirium.
✵Shaoyang syndrome: also known as lesser yang syndrome, disease or syndrome in which the pathogenic heat exists between the exterior and interior of the body, marked by alternate fever and chills, fullness and choking feeling in the chest and hypochondriac region, dry throat, and taut pulse.
✵Taiyin syndrome: also known as greater yin syndrome, disease or syndrome characterized by decline of spleen yang with production of cold-damp in the interior, and manifested by abdominal fullness and sometimes abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea, anorexia, sunken and relaxed or weak pulse.
✵Shaoyin syndrome: syndrome occurring at the late stage of a cold-induced disease marked by the general decline of yin and yang.
✦Shaoyin cold-transformation: the decline of yang in Shaoyin syndrome with the transformation of the pathogen into Yin cold in the interior.
✦Shaoyin cold-transformation syndrome: Shaoyin syndrome with the cold transformation of the pathogen which invades the heart and kidney, usually manifested as an aversion to cold, cold limbs, sleepiness, lienteric diarrhea, pale tongue, and deep faint pulse.
✧Shaoyin heat-transformation: the decline of yin with the exuberance of yang in Shaoyin syndrome with the transformation of the pathogen into heat in the interior.
✧Shaoyin heat-transformation syndrome: Shaoyin syndrome with heat transformation of the pathogen, manifested by vexation, insomnia, dry mouth and throat, reddened tongue tip, and thready rapid pulse.
✵Jueyin syndrome: also known as reverting yin syndrome, one of the syndromes of the six meridians occurring at the late stage of a cold-induced disease characterized by interweaving of cold and heat or yin and yang, manifested by fever or a burning sensation in the epigastrium with cold limbs, hunger but no desire to eat.
✵Meridian syndrome: the morbid condition of any of the three yang meridians due to the attack of pathogenic factors while the related fu-viscera is not affected.
✵Fu-viscera syndrome: morbid condition indicating that pathological changes of one or more yang meridians have already affected the respective internal viscera: the urinary bladder(Taiyang), the stomach and large intestine(Yangming), and the gallbladder(Shaoyang).
✵Overlapping of syndromes: overlapping of two meridian syndromes, in which they appear in succession and then coexist.
✵Two-Yang overlapping: overlapping of two yang meridian syndromes, e.g., Shaoyang syndrome(vomiting and fullness in the chest) appearing before the subsidence of Taiyang syndrome(headache, chills, fever, and joint pains).
✦Combined syndrome: the combination of two or more meridian syndromes appearing at the same time.
✦Taiyang-Shaoyang combined syndrome: the simultaneous occurrence of Taiyang syndrome(headache and fever) and Shaoyang syndrome(bitterness in the mouth, dry throat, and dizziness).
✦Taiyang-Yangming combined syndrome: the simultaneous occurrence of Taiyang syndrome(headache and neck regidity) and Yangming syndrome(fever and thirst).
✦Yangming-Shaoyang combined syndrome: the simultaneous occurrence of Yangming syndrome(fever and thirst) and Shaoyang syndrome(bitterness in the mouth, dry throat, and fullness in the chest).
✵Three-Yang combined syndrome: syndrome caused by transmission of pathogenic heat into the Yangming meridian from both Taiyang and Shaoyang meridians, resulting in a distinctive heat syndrome manifested by fever, thirst, perspiration, abdominal distension, utter loss of appetite, delirium, and incontinence of urine.