Introduction of the Defense-Qi-Nutrient-Blood Syndrome Differentiation.
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✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.
✵The Syndrome Differentiation of TCM is the process of an overall analysis of data to determine the location, cause, and nature of a person's syndrome and achieve a diagnosis of a syndrome or pattern.
Introduction of Defense-Qi-Nutrient-Blood Syndrome Differentiation.
Introduction:The Defense-Qi-Nutrient-Blood Syndrome Differentiation, also known as Four-aspect Pattern Identification, is syndrome differentiation or pattern identification of epidemic febrile diseases in accordance with the theory of defense, Qi, nutrient, and blood which indicate the stages of the course with corresponding pathological changes.
Introduction of the syndromes of Defense-Qi-Nutrient-Blood Syndrome Differentiation.
Introduction: The syndrome of the Defense-Qi-Nutrient-Blood is a collective term for diseases(or syndromes) of defense, Qi, nutrient, and blood.
✵Defense(Wei) system syndrome: also known as Defense-aspect pattern, the initial stage of an epidemic febrile disease when only the superficial part of the defensive energy is involved, marked by fever, slightly aversion to wind and cold, headache, reddened tongue tip, and floating and rapid pulse.
✦Qi system syndrome: also known as Qi-aspect pattern, the second stage of an epidemic febrile disease showing invasion of pathogenic heat to the Yangming meridian or the lung, gallbladder, spleen, stomach or large intestine, marked by high fever without chills, dire thirst, flushed face, dark urine, reddened tongue with yellow coating, and rapid forceful pulse.
✵Nutrient(Ying) system syndrome: also known as construction-aspect pattern, serious development of an epidemic febrile disease showing invasion of pathogenic heat to the nutrient Yin(or construction aspect) including that of the heart(mind), marked by fever(higher at night), restlessness or delirium, faint skin rashes, and crimson tongue.
✵Blood system syndrome: also known as blood-aspect pattern, epidemic febrile disease at its severest stage, characterized by severe damage to yin blood, with various forms of bleeding such as hemoptysis, epistaxis, hematuria, hematochezia, in addition to high fever, coma, or convulsion.
✦Blood heat stirring blood: (1).a pathological change characterized by blood heat causing frenetic movement of blood.(2).abbreviation for the syndrome of blood heat stirring blood.
✦Syndrome of blood heat stirring blood: a syndrome marked by fever, thirst, vexing insomnia, crimson tongue, and various hemorrhagic disorders.
✧Blood heat with raging wind: (1).a pathological change characterized by extremely exuberant pathogenic heat which enters the blood system and stirs up violent wind. (2).abbreviation for the syndrome of blood heat with the raging wind.
✧Syndrome of blood heat with the raging wind: a syndrome marked by high fever, convulsions, opisthotonos, crimson tongue with dry yellow coating, and rapid wiry pulse.
✦Blood heat transforming into dryness: (1).a pathological change in which the pathogenic heat entering the blood, impairs yin and induces dryness transformation,(2).the abbreviated expression for the syndrome of blood heat with dryness transformation.
✦Syndrome of blood heat with dryness transformation: a syndrome marked by dry mouth and throat, constipation, lassitude, fever(higher at night), thirst with not much desire to drink, crimson tongue with scanty coating, and rapid thready pulse.
✧Heat entering nutrient-blood: (1).a pathological change characterized by pathogenic heat entering the nutrient-blood and disturbing the heart(mind),(2).abbreviation for the syndrome of heat entering nutrient-blood.
✧syndrome of heat entering nutrient-blood: a syndrome marked by fever(higher at night), vexing insomnia or impaired consciousness, barely visible skin rashes or bleeding, constipation, crimson tongue, and rapid thready pulse.
✦both defense and Qi affection syndrome: a condition characterized by the coexistence of syndromes of the defense(Wei) and Qi system, manifested as high fever, slight aversion to wind and cold, thirst, irritability, reddened tongue with whitish or yellowish coating, and rapid floating pulse.
✧both Qi and nutrient blazing syndrome: a condition characterized by the simultaneous existence of syndromes of Qi and nutrient system, manifested as high fever, thirst, mental irritability, delirium, and barely visible skin eruption.
✦both Qi and blood blazing syndrome: a condition characterized by the coexistence of syndromes of the Qi and blood systems, manifested as high fever, thirst, delirium, skin eruptions, and various bleeding symptoms.
✵Normal transmission: transmission of a disease in the normal sequence, e.g., from the defense(Wei) system to the Qi system.
✵Abnormal tranmission: transmission of a disease not in the normal sequence, e.g., from the defense(Wei) system directly to the nutrient(Ying) system and blood system, instead of by the way of the Qi system.
1.Introduction of the Defense-Qi-Nutrient-Blood Syndrome Differentiation.