Liver deficiency:introduction of its pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.

Syndromes of Traditional Chinese Medicine. ✵Traditional Chinese medicine has been used for thousands of years. Through thousands of years of practice, it has been proved that Chinese medicine is effective and feasible in treating diseases, preventing diseases and maintaining health. The treatment of diseases with traditional Chinese medicine has saved countless lives. The treatment of diseases in traditional Chinese medicine is macro and comprehensive.

 The theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine is derived from and guided by long-term clinical practice. Through the analysis of the phenomenon, the internal mechanism is explored. Therefore, this unique theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine has two basic characteristics, one is the overall-concept, the other is the dialectical treatment.

Introduction of the Liver viscus.
Introduction of the Liver viscus. 
 ✵In the Traditional Chinese Medicine system, the liver viscus is understood as a Zang-viscus. It is briefly introduced as:

 Liver: the repository of blood, the storage of blood, main for the drainage, in the body it coordinates with the tendon, manifested in the nails, open into the eyes, anger in emotions is related to the liver, in the fluid related to tears.

Liver deficiency syndrome.
Liver deficiency syndrome 
 ✵Liver deficiency syndrome: The Liver deficiency syndrome is defined as Liver Yin deficiency, liver blood deficiency, liver Qi deficiency.

 The liver belongs to wood in the five elements system, is the Yang aspect of Yin, connect to the Qi of spring; It connects with the tendon in the body, open in the eyes, its essence and best part represent in the claw, represent as tears in the liquid state; The liver hides the soul, represents as anger in wills; Its meridian is Foot Jueyin liver meridian, mutual collateral with Gall Bladder Channel of Foot-Shaoyang, as exterior and interior.

 Therefore, the liver deficiency is mainly manifested in liver Yin deficiency, liver blood deficiency, and liver Qi deficiency.


Liver Yin deficiency.
Liver Yin deficiency 
 ✦The liver Yin deficiency is mainly due to emotional paralysis, Qi depression(obstruction of the circulation of vital energy) and transform into the fire; Or in the later stage of febrile disease, consumption injury liver Yin; Or kidney Yin is insufficient, as a result, the water could not sustain wood.

 ✧ Symptoms include dizziness and tinnitus, dry eyes, decreased vision, hot face or red cheeks, dry mouth and pharynx, five upset heat(five frustrating heat), hot flashes and night sweats, or faint burning pain in ribs, or hand and foot peristalsis.

Liver blood deficiency.
Liver blood deficiency 
 ✦The liver advocate store blood, liver-kidney homology, kidney essence is insufficient, as a result, the essence could not be transformed to blood, cause liver blood inadequacy(blood deficiency) thereby; Deficiency of spleen and kidney and deficiency in generating and transformation, lead to deficiency of Qi and blood; Or chronic disease and consumptive disease exhaust liver blood, or excessive blood loss, or lack of blood can lead to liver blood deficiency.

 ✧ Symptoms are related with muscle, claw, two eyes, skin and other blood loss to see numbness of limbs, joints, extremities tremor; The hand plate is dry and brittle; Vision blurred, dazzling, vision loss, even birds blind(nyctalopia, night blindness), vertigo tinnitus; Face, tongue color pale, tongue coating white, pulse fine and other symptoms of blood deficiency. Concurrently dysphoria with many dreams, easy frightened and fear, menoxenia(irregular menstruation), etc.

Liver Qi deficiency.
Liver Qi deficiency 
 ✦The pathogenesis is more emotional internal injury, consumption injury liver Qi; Chronic illness and weak, other related viscera hurt the liver; Labor and rest disorder, injury liver Qi; Improper use of medicine, such as excessive use of attack method.

 ✧The liver viscus controls the tendons, liver Qi deficiency then the tendons can not move, symptoms including fatigue, easy to fatigue and other symptoms; Deficiency of liver and Qi is less than discharge, difficult to extend, thereby unwell at the region where the liver meridian travels, symptoms chest and hypochondria is full and tightness, lower abdomen distension and dropping, always sighs; Liver Qi catharsis disorder, lost in regulation of the mood then observed depression or irritability, lost in the regulation of the menstruation then observed irregular menstruation.

Liver deficiency cold.
Liver deficiency cold 
 ✦The common symptoms of the liver deficiency cold are hard below the coastal region, alternate cold and heat, abdominal fullness, no desire of food(poor appetite), abdominal distension, unhappy, difficulty in menstruation, abdominal and low back pain, is the condition of liver deficiency cold.

 ✧Other symptoms may also be observed include: liver Qi insufficiency, full at coastal regions, muscular contracture, could not sigh, cold limbs, pain in heart and abdomen, blurred vision, and women heart pain and acute mastitis, heat in knees and wasting thirst, hands and nails are withered, blue in face and mouth; pain in the left coastal region, indigestion, blurred vision, tears in wind, difficulty in seeing things, counter flow of wind-cold; tears in a high wind; blurred vision, dim eyesight when staring; pain in the coastal region, full distension and rapid panting, blurred vision, dim eyesight, etc.

  • 1.Liver deficiency:introduction of its pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.
  • 2.Su Wen:the Plain Questions of Huangdi's Internal Classic.By 黄帝(the Yellow Emperor).

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