Introduction of Agrimony:Church steeples or cocklebur.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Agrimony, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Agrimonia eupatoria, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Agrimony, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Agrimony(Church steeples, cocklebur).

Agrimonia eupatoria:flowers English Name: Agrimony.
 Latin Name: Agrimonia eupatoria Linn.
 Common Names: Church steeples, cocklebur, liverwort, stickwort.
 Property and flavor: neutral nature, tastes bitter and pungent.

 Brief introduction: Agrimonia eupatoria is an aromatic perennial spread in the Northern Hemisphere, the yellow flowering tops of which are used medicinally. The star-shaped flowers bloom along an erect stem, forming tall spikes. Although not as common, the small hooked fruits, leaves, and roots have been used medicinally as well.

 Botanical source: The common herbal classics defined the herb Agrimony as the yellow flowering tops of species (1).Agrimonia eupatoria. It is a plant species of the Agrimonia genus, the Rosaceae family (rose family). This commonly used species is introduced:

(1).Agrimonia eupatoria.

 Agrimonia eupatoria:flowering plant Botanical description: The Agrimonia eupatoria is a perennial herbaceous deciduous plant, it grows up to 100 cm tall, with stout, cylindrical roots and short rhizomes. Stem, petiole, leaf axis and inflorescence axis are villous and pubescent. It is characterized by typical serrated edge pinnate leaves, with 3~5 pairs of leaflets, the uppermost leaflets reduced to 1~2 pairs. The leaflets are elliptic obovate, rhombic obovate to oblanceolate, 2.5~6 cm long and 1~3 cm wide, with thick serrated edges, sparse pilose hairs on the lower veins or between veins, and golden gland spots. The upper stipules of the stem are kidney-shaped, with thick teeth, holding the stem, and the lower stipules are lanceolate, often entire edge. It flowers from June to September, with long spikes. The flower has a single urn-shaped curved flower cup with several rows of soft curved hook-shaped bristles on the upper edge, with a length of 1~4 mm. The flower has five yellow round petals and five sepals. Petals and five to twenty stamens rise to the top of the flower cup. The two middle-sized carpels in the flower cup sink in but do not merge.

 Flowers are rich in pollen, attracting hummingbirds, and bees to pollinate. Fruits have burrs, which can be attached to deer and grazing animals such as sheep, and in this way, it spreads to a wider area.

 Agrimonia eupatoria:spikes Ecological environment: Agrimonia eupatoria distributes in North America and Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. It grows on wild hillsides, roadsides, or watersides, and is also cultivated.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.Astringent and tonic; ②.Anti-diarrhea; ③.mildly anti-septic; ④.inhibit certain disease-causing viruses, bacteria, and fungi, including the fungus Candida albicans responsible for many cases of oral thrush and vaginal yeast infections; ⑤.Antidiabetic.

 Medicinal efficacy: The herb is used in North American and Europe as a diarrhea remedy, as an anti-inflammatory tonic for soothing inflamed mucous membranes occur with sore throat, gastroenteritis, congested nasal passages, as healing astringents on bleeding and inflamed hemorrhoids, sores, ulcers, blemishes, varicose veins, rashes, and used as a tonic tea. It is indicated for kidney stones, controlling diabetes in West Asia and South America.

 The herb contains volatile oil, flavonoids, apigenin, luteolin, quercetin, kaempferol, triterpene glycosides, phenolic acid and 3~21% tannin, etc.

 Administration of Agrimony: 
Reference: Administration Guide of Agrimony
Herbal classic books: Commonly advised dosage is: 3~6 grams daily, as water decoction or infusion prepared from 1 teaspoon of herb per cup of boiling water. The decoction can be concentrated to make an ointment for application several times a day. The common preparations of the herb for internal use are decoction, infusion, and tincture, for external use are bath formulation, eye wash, gargle, poultice, tincture, etc.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: No significant known side effects, but sun sensitivity reactions have been reported after taking the herb. Herbs with high-tannin content should not be taken internally for a long period.

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