Introduction of Bee Pollen:hundred-flowers pollen, cole flower pollen.

Popular Herbs. ✵The article gives records of the herb Bee Pollen, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its main types, ①.Hundred-flowers pollen., ②.Cole flower pollen., ③.Cornflower pollen., with a brief introduction to these bee pollen types, the features of the herb Bee Pollen, nutritions of bee pollen, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Bee Pollen(hundred-flowers pollen).

Bee and cole pollen English Name: Bee Pollen.
 Latin Name: Bee Pollen.
 Common Names: Buckwheat pollen, maize pollen, pine pollen, pollen, cole pollen, typha pollen, hundred-flowers pollen.
 Property and flavor: Bee pollen is slightly cold in nature, it tastes sour, sweet, slight bitter.

 Brief introduction: Bee pollen is the pollen collected by worker bees from the flowers of certain seed-bearing plants. True bee pollen also contains the insect's saliva and some plant nectar. Bee harvesters retrieve the pollen directly from the hive or from special wire-mesh, netlike traps that brush against the leg of worker bees as they enter the beehive.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Bee pollen as the pollen harvested by worker bees from flowers of certain seed-bearing plants, mainly are honey source plants and pollen source plants, special glandular secretions (nectar and saliva) are added and mixed to form an irregular oblate shape. Some common types of bee pollen and its insect origin honey bees, ①.Apis cerana Fabr.(Chinese Honey Bee), and ②.Apis mellifera L.(Italian Honey Bee) are introduced:

(1).Apis cerana Fabr.

 Apis cerana Fabr,a honey bee is collecting pollen in a pink flower. Insect description: It is commonly known as Zhōng Huá Mì Fēng, or Chinese Honey Bee. The abdomen color of Apis cerana Fabr (Chinese Honey Bee) workers varies with different regions, some are yellow, some are dark; Kiss length averages 5 mm. Queen bee has two body colors: one type is that the abdomen has a distinct brown ring, the whole abdomen is dark brown; In the other, the ventral segment has no distinct yellowish brown ring and the entire abdomen is black. Drones are usually black. The southern bee species are generally smaller than those in the north, with the body length of worker bees ranging from 10~13 mm, male bees ranging from 11~13.5 mm, and queen bees ranging from 13~16 mm.

 Apis cerana Fabr,a honey bee is flying near a pink flower spike. Habits: Apis cerana Fabr (Chinese Honey Bee) fly quickly and have a keen sense of smell. They leave the nest early and return to the nest late. They spend 2~3 hours more than Italian bees every day to collect honey. New spleen, spleen ability strong, like love chew old spleen, resistance to bee mites and America larva putrid disease is strong, but susceptible to bee larvae cystic disease, susceptible to wax moth, like the journey, in the lack of honey diseases or attack from enemy threat especially easy to abandon nest and moved, prone to natural swarming and stealing bees, no gum, ability to secrete royal jelly not strong, a small group of potential.

 Apis cerana Fabr,a honey bee is collecting pollen on a white flower. Bees are social insects that live in groups of one queen, numerous worker bees (all females), and a few drones. The three types are different in shape, physiological function and productive function. The queen bee specializes in reproduction and egg-laying; The male bee specialized department and the queen bee (female bee) production match, insemination, after mating good dies; The functions of worker bees include nesting, collecting feed, feeding larvae, queen bee, cleaning the nest and adjusting the nest temperature. In terms of cold resistance and heat resistance, dense bees show the power of cluster activities and take nectar and pollen of plants as the staple food.

 Apis cerana Fabr,queen bee,male bee and worker bee. The Chinese honeybee originally refers to a subspecies of Oriental honeybee (Apis cerana Fabricius), but there may be more than one subspecies of Oriental honeybee are distributed in China. Given the undetermined subspecies classification of Oriental honeybee in China, Oriental honeybee in China is temporarily called Chinese Honey Bee. Chinese honeybee is a native characteristic species of China, which is very adapted to the natural environment in mountainous areas of China.

 Apis cerana Fabr,two flying bee carry pollen. Ecological environment: In China, the honeybee distributes in 30 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities from the southeast coast to the Qinghai-Xizang plateau. The distribution of Chinese bee is found in the northern line to the lesser Xingan mountains, in the northwest to wuwei of Gansu province, ledu of Qinghai province, and in the deep mountains in Xinjiang. Southwest line to the middle and lower reaches of the Yarlung zangbo river motuo, telamu, south to Hainan province, east to Taiwan. The concentrated distribution area is in the southwest and the south of the Yangtze river, with the lower reaches of the Yangtze river and southwest, and other provinces having the largest number. China has more than 2 million colonies in artificial breeding, accounting for about a third of the country's Honeybee population.

(2).Apis mellifera L.

 Apis mellifera L.,a honey bee is collecting pollen on some yellow flowers Insect description: It is commonly known as Yì Dà Lì Mì Fēng, or Apis mellifera Ligustica Spinola, Italian Honey Bee. Individuals are slightly smaller than European black bees. Abdomen is slender, web chitin is yellow. The leading edge of the 2nd~4th segment of the backplate of the abdomen of worker bee has a yellow band. The light color of the Italian bee often has a small yellow shield, especially the light color of the Italian bee only in the abdomen end has a brown spot, known as the golden bee. The nap is light yellow. Worker bees have longer beaks, averaging 6.5 mm. The villi on the back of section 4 of the abdomen were medium in width, averaging 0.9 mm. The upper coat on the 5th backplate of the abdomen is short, with an average length of 0.3 mm; The elbow-pulse index is moderate, averaging 2.3.

 Apis mellifera L.,honey bees are working on a hive After the queen bee starts to lay eggs in early spring, its spawning amount is not affected by climate, honey source, and other natural conditions. Even in the hot summer and the late autumn when the temperature is low, it can maintain a large area of spawning area. Weak bees, easy to maintain large groups. The ability to collect a large amount of nectar is strong, but the ability to use scattered nectar powder is poor. The collection of pollen is large. In summer and autumn, more gum is collected. Good ability to make spleen by wax. The ability to secrete royal jelly is stronger than that of any other bee species. Feed consumption is large when the honey source is poor, easy to appear in the food shortage phenomenon. Gentle temperament, not afraid of light, open the box inspection is very quiet. Strong directional force, not easy to confuse nest, strong theft. Clear nest habit is strong. Overwintering in the form of a strong group, overwintering feed consumption is large, in the cold area overwintering performance is poor. Weak disease resistance, easy to be infected with American larval disease, paralysis, spore disease, and chalky disease; Anti-mite force is weak, easy to suffer mite damage. The ability to resist nestlings is weak. Honeycomb-capping is dry or intermediate.

 Apis mellifera L.,an orange honey bee is collecting pollen on pink flower spikes Origin and habitat: Italian bee is short. Native to Italy's Apennines peninsula, is a typical Mediterranean climate and ecological environment products. It is believed that the Italian bee was formed by natural interbreeding between the original European black bee on the Apennines peninsula and the imported Cyprus bee. The climate and nectar source conditions of the Apennines peninsula are characterized by short, warm and wet winter; Summer is hot and dry, nectar plant is rich, the flowering period is long. Italian honeybee can show good economic characters under similar natural conditions. But in the long and cold winter, or spring, cold wave often attacks the place, the adaptability is poor.

 Italian bees are a product of the Mediterranean climate. The Mediterranean region has a mild, wet and short winter, and a long and dry summer. It has been proved that the Italian bee is a very good species in similar climate conditions. But it is difficult to adapt to areas with long winters and more variable weather in early spring. For more than a hundred years, it has been introduced to the northern Alps of Europe, but it has not been well established.

 The ability of Italian bee to produce honey and royal jelly is strong, which is an ideal variety for producing both honey pulp and pollen, and can also be used for propolis production. Because of this, the breeding range of Italian bee has already gone far beyond the place of origin and become a popular worldwide species.

 Apis mellifera L.,a honey bee is collecting pollen on a lilac flower Ecological environment: Italian bees play a very important role in the production of beekeeping in China. They are widely raised in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, north, northwest areas of China. It is also suitable for chasing flowers to capture honey, follow the use of south and north four seasons of the source of honey powder. In the flowering stage of rapeseed, violet, Chinese gooseberry, linden, litchi, tallow, and other major nectar sources, it is common to see a group producing more than 5 kg of honey per day and a group producing more than 50 kg of honey per day. Its pulping performance is the best among all bee varieties. The selected excellent strain can produce 5~7 kg of royal jelly annually. It is also suitable for producing bee pollen, propolis, bee pupa, and bee venom.

(1).Bee Pollen.

 several Bees fly with pollen Bee Pollen Introduction: Due to different plant species or collection seasons, the colors of various bee pollen are also different. Different varieties of pollen plants produce colorful pollen. Such as bright red pollen: river locust (Amorpha fruticosa) and Aesculus chinensis; Orange pollen: Chinese milk vetch (Astragalus sinicus), sunflower, Cherokee rose, rice, wild chrysanthemum, tea tree; Golden yellow pollen: Brassica campestris, mustard, willow, cotton; Dark yellow pollen: tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum), Rhus chinensis, dandelion; Light yellow pollen: soybean, sorghum, chestnut, sweet clover, cucumber, eucalyptus, white clover, Codonopsis pilosula, apple; Beige pollen: corn, loquat, mugwort, wormwood, and pine; White pollen: sesame, glossy privet, motherwort; White pollen: Chinese trumpet creeper and wild sweet-scented osmanthus; Light green pollen: plum tree, linden tree; Gray pollen: fever-tree (Eucalyptus globulus Lab), princess tree (paulownia); Celadon pollen: Vitex negundo, buckwheat; Purple pollen: broad bean (Vicia faba); Black pollen: Papaver rhoeas.

 Bee pollen is the pollen grains collected by bees from stamen anthers of angiosperms or microspores of gymnosperms. After being bonded by bees, the pollen grains are basically the same in size, generally, 2.5~3.5 mm in diameter, 10~17 mg in dry weight, and less than 8% in water content. Good bee pollen is neat, pure in variety, consistent, free of impurities, peculiar smell, mildew, insects, and hard.

 Bee pollen grains of hundred flowers Hundred-flowers pollen: Hundred-flowers pollen is a common kind of pollen, which tastes a little bitter. It is believed that pollen of hundred-flowers can prevent and treat diabetes, stimulate insulin secretion and regulate endocrines. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic progressive endocrine and metabolic disease, which is caused by an absolute or relative deficiency of insulin. Hundred-flower pollen can stimulate insulin secretion, which is beneficial to diabetic patients.

 Hundred-flowers pollen is defined according to the types of nectar plants, among which pollen clusters collected by bees from a single plant and brought back to the hive are called single pollen, while pollen clusters collected by bees from various plants and brought back to the hive are called hundred-flowers pollen. From the point of origin, hundred-flowers pollen can be produced all over the world and can be produced all year round except winter. Pollen is the pollen mass collected by bees from various plants. The color varies with the composition of nectar plants, but it is generally pale yellow, yellow, or brownish yellow, with a strong and natural fresh aroma, slightly sweet taste, and a bit of astringency. After being washed with water, it is better to be transparent, and free of impurities, suspended substances, and sediment. The nutritional value of hundred-flower pollen is more comprehensive than that of single-flower pollen. Its main components are protein, amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and enzymes, among which the content of protein and amino acids is several times that of milk and eggs, and the content of unsaturated fatty acids is much higher than that of other animals and plants, and the vitamin content in pollen is second to none.

 light yellow bee pollen grains of Cole flower Cole flower pollen: Cole is the main traditional oil crop in China, with a wide planting area, a long flowering period and a large pollen yield, cole pollen is the largest yield of bee pollen in China.

 Cole flower pollen is the pollen mass collected by bees from cole flowers. The diameter of the pollen mass is about 2.5~3.5 mm, the weight is about 10~17 mg, the color is mostly yellow or light yellow, and it has the unique natural fragrance of cole flowers. It tastes sweet and smooth and slightly astringent. After being washed with water, it is better to be transparent, and free of impurities, suspended matter, and sediment.

 Bees harvest pollen of corn flower Cornflower pollen: Chinese scientists have found that corn pollen can obviously inhibit food pathogenic bacteria. Experimental studies have shown that corn pollen can promote the development of immune systems in the spleen, bones, lymph nodes, and thymus, enhance the activity of immune cells, and improve the body's ability to resist bacteria and viruses. And has anti-radiation and anti-cancer effects.

 Corn pollen is the pollen mass collected by bees from cornflowers. Its color is generally pale yellow or light yellow, with a faint, natural, and special flavor of cornflowers. It tastes slightly sweet and slightly bitter. It is better to have uniform size, no impurities, no peculiar smell, and no mildew. If washed evenly with water, it is better to be transparent, with no impurities, no suspended matter, and no precipitation.

 many honey bees take back pollen to bee hive Nutritions of Bee Pollen: Commonly used bee pollen are pine pollen, cole pollen, sweet-scented osmanthus pollen, rose pollen, chrysanthemum pollen, etc. According to modern scientific analysis, pollen is not only the life source of plants, but also a "mini-nutrition treasure house". According to analysis, the content of protein per hundred grams of pollen can be as high as 25~30 grams, which contains more than ten kinds of amino acids, and it is in a free state and easily absorbed by humans. This is unmatched by any other natural food. Pollen also contains 40% sugar and a certain amount of fat, as well as abundant B vitamins, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, etc. Among them, vitamin E and vitamin K are important substances that have been proved by scientists to delay the aging process of human cells and prolong life. Pollen also contains more than ten kinds of inorganic salts such as iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, and potassium, more than thirty kinds of trace elements, and 18 kinds of enzymes. It also contains nucleic acid and some hormones, auxin, and antibiotics that delay human aging.

 According to studies, scientists have confirmed that pollen contains a variety of nutrients, including 22 kinds of amino acids, 14 kinds of vitamins, and more than 30 kinds of trace elements, as well as many active proteases, nucleic acids, flavonoids, and other active substances. Pollen-rich protein mostly exists in the form of free amino acids, the content of which exceeds that of milk and eggs by 5~7 times; The content of vitamin C is higher than that of fresh fruits and vegetables, and it is called the king of natural vitamins. Especially, the content of B vitamins is extremely rich, which is 100 times higher than honey. Every 100 grams of pollen contains 600 micrograms of thiamine, 1670 micrograms of riboflavin, 900 micrograms of pyridoxine, 2,700 micrograms of pantothenic acid, and 10,000 micrograms of niacin. It contains a variety of trace element minerals, among which the contents elements are: potassium 20~40%, magnesium 1-20%, calcium 1~15%, iron 1~12%, silicon 2~10%, and phosphorus 1~20%.

 The main dietary components of pollen are protein, amino acids, vitamins, apigenin, trace elements, active enzymes, flavonoids, lipids, nucleic acids, brassinolide, phytic acid, etc. Among them, the content and proportion of amino acids are the closest to the amino acid pattern recommended by the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), which is extremely rare in natural foods. Bee pollen is a concentrate of substances with nutritional value and medicinal value, which contains protein, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and other active substances. Bee pollen is not only an excellent natural nutritious food, but also an ideal tonic, and has certain medical effects.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inhibit prostate overgrowth; ②.anti-aging and rejuvenating; ③.antagonistic effect; ④.lower blood lipid levels; ⑤.stimulating the appetite; ⑥.immune-stimulating; ⑦.antineoplastic; etc.

 Relevant studies proposed the athletic performance-enhancing function of bee pollen lacking scientific evidence to support it, and bee pollen supplements enhancing athletic performance in Eastern Europe look not get proven true. Relevant studies in China reported bee pollen may help to treat chronic prostatism, inhibit prostate overgrowth, anti-aging, protect the liver from experimental injury, boost the immune systems of medicated multiple sclerosis patients, and reduce symptoms of radiation sickness in people being treated for cancer, lower blood lipid levels. Related studies in Germany reported bee pollen stimulates the appetite and treats feebleness. Studies in Europe proposed bee pollen has anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, desensitizing, immune-stimulating, rejuvenating, and adaptogenic properties, but medicinal claims for bee pollen, except its nutritive value, have yet to be proven. Clinical trials of bee pollen have been tested in altitude sickness, athletic performance, desensitizing therapy, gastric ulcers, and side effect of cancer treatment.

 Medicinal efficacy: Traditionally, the bee pollen was advised in East Asia and mainly in China, for centuries as a natural nutrient recommended for wide-ranging health problems, eczema, mouth sores, hemorrhage, and menstrual irregularities. Today, it is mainly recommended for ①.boosting general immunity: Pollen polysaccharides can activate the phagocytosis of macrophages and improve the disease resistance of the human body; ②.Anti-aging and beauty effects: bee pollen is advised as a nutritious cosmetic, vitamin E, SOD (superoxide dismutase), selenium, and other components in the pollen can moisturize the nutritious skin and restore the elasticity and smoothness of the skin; ③.Prevention of cerebral and cardiovascular diseases: Flavonoids in pollen can effectively remove the lipid deposits on blood vessel walls, thus softening blood vessels and lowering blood lipid; ④.Weight loss: Taking bee pollen can absorb enough nutrients and cause satiety. At the same time, lecithin in pollen can help to decompose excess fat to reduce weight; ⑤.Regulating gastrointestinal function: Pollen has many bactericidal components, which can kill Escherichia coli and prevent constipation; ⑥.Regulating the nervous system and promoting sleep; ⑦.Adjuvant treatment of other diseases: Pollen has a good effect on anemia, diabetes, improving memory, Menopause disorders, etc; ⑧.Prevention of prostate diseases: Pollen is the bane of prostatitis, cole pollen, and buckwheat pollen have better effects; ⑨.Except above, bee pollen is also recommended for habitual constipation, and to enhance immunity.

 In USA (the United States of America), pollen is promoted as a general health tonic, a source of natural vitality to boost athletic stamina and ability, and for ailments from anemia to constipation, diarrhea, mental illness, premature aging, and obesity, as an energy-packed food supplement rich in protein and carbohydrates, or as an appetite stimulant, and used in numerous skin-care products.

 In Europe, bee pollen is used traditionally to enhance athletic stamina, aid recovery from illness, and for rejuvenating and tonic effects, aid in respiratory complaints such as bronchitis, sinus congestion, and common rhinitis, but limited evidence suggests it may help prevent altitude sickness and the side effects of cancer radiation treatment. Bee pollen is thought to balance the endocrine system and provide specific benefits for menstrual and prostate disorders.

 Administration of Bee Pollen (Bee Pollen): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Bee Pollen (Bee Pollen)
Herbal classic books: In North America, bee pollen is commonly sold in the form of 500 to 580-milligram tablets, recommended three capsules three times daily. In Europe, bee pollen is recommended for athletic stamina enhancement: 400 mg daily, or dosage for gastric ulcers: 500 mg daily.
 Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: Severe and even fatal allergic reactions to bee pollen are possible although infrequent, individuals with pollen-sensitive allergies are particularly at risk, hay fever suffers have dramatic reactions even with 1 tablespoon or less of bee pollen. One expert warns pregnant women to avoid bee pollen, as certain pollen from Typhae may stimulate the uterus. Herbalists recommend starting with small doses to test your reaction.
 Other allergic reactions reported are: abdominal pain, asthma, decreased memory, diarrhea, dyspnea, facial itch, facial swelling, gastrointestinal upset, grand mal seizures, headache, hypereosinophilia, hypotension, nausea, pruritus, sore throat, and stridor.
 Bee pollen should not be recommended to children: Besides nutrients, bee pollen also contains many medicinal constituents and sex hormones, which may lead to precocious puberty and other physiological dysfunction after children take it, which will bring adverse effects on physical and mental development, so, bee pollen and bee pollen products should not be recommended to children.




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  • 1.Introduction of Bee Pollen:hundred-flowers pollen, cole flower pollen.

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