✵The article gives records of the herb Dill, its English name, Latin name, common names, property and flavor, its botanical source one plant species, ①.Anethum graveolens L., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of this plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of this plant species, the features of the herb Dill, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
English Name: Dill.
Latin Name: Anethum graveolens L.
Common Names: Dilly, dillweed, dillseed, dill fruit, common dill, garden dill, etc.
Property and flavor: warm in nature, tastes pungent.
Brief introduction: Dill is cultivated in many parts of the world, it originates from the coast of the Mediterranean region and is widely cultivated in European and American countries. Dill fruit looks like fennel, with small yellow flowers and small fruits. Both the dried ripe fruit and fine, needle-like leaves of this common, fragrant herb are used medicinally.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Dill as the fruit or herb of the species (1).Anethum graveolens L. It is a plant species of the Anethum genus, the Apiaceae family (Umbelliferae, parsley family). The fruit and herb are used medicinally. This commonly used species is introduced:
(1).Anethum graveolens L.
Botanical description: Anethum graveolens is an annual herb, rare biennial, 60~120 cm high, the whole plant is glabrous, with a strong fragrance. The stem is simple, upright, cylindrical, smooth, with longitudinal pinstripes, and the diameter is 0.5~1.5 cm. The basal leaf has a stalk, the petiole is 4~6 cm long, the base has a broad leaf sheath, and the edge is membranous; The leaf blade is broadly ovate, 3~4 times pinnately divided, and the last lobe is filiform, 4~20 mm long and less than 0.5 mm wide; The upper part of the stem leaves are small, the number of divisions is few, there is no petiole, only the leaf sheath.
Compound umbels often show dichotomous branches, and the diameter of umbels is 5~15 cm; Umbrella is 10~25, slightly unequal in length; Involucral bracts are absent; The umbel has 15~25 flowers; Bracteoles are absent; Petals are yellow, midvein is often brown, oblong, or nearly square, the uvula is blunt, nearly rectangular, and inflected; The flowers are short, first straight and then curved; Calyx teeth are not obvious; Stylopodium is conic to cushion-shaped.
Mericarp is egg-shaped oval, 3~5 mm long and 2~2.5 mm wide, brown at maturity, back is flat, back ribs are thin but prominent, side ribs are narrow wing-shaped and gray-white; 1 oil pipe in each groove, 2 oil pipes on the syngenetic surface; The ventral surface of endosperm is straight. Its flowering period is from May to August and fruiting from July to September.
Ecological environment: Anethum graveolens is native to the Mediterranean region and West Asia and cultivated throughout Europe as well as North and South America, it is also cultivated in South China.
Growth characteristics: Anethum graveolens is an easily grown plant, it prefers moderately rich loose soil and full sun. The plant requires well-drained soil and shelter from the wind, it tolerates a pH (pH scale:acidity-basicity) in the range of 5.3 to 7.8. Dill is a commonly cultivated herb, especially in warm temperate and tropical zones. It is grown mainly for its edible leaves and seeds, though it is also used medicinally.
History and story of Dill: People first learned about dill in Egypt five thousand years ago. Egyptians mixed it with coriander to treat headaches. Greeks and Romans also like dill, and they call it Anethon, which is the origin of dill's botanical generic name. Some people believe that it is the Anise in the Bible (Matthew 23, 24. Bible is the sacred scriptures of Judaism and Christianity. The Christian Bible consists of the Old Testament and the New Testament) because dill is planted in large quantities in Palestine. Ancient healers believed it was good for hiccups.
In 812 A.D., Charlemagne (also called Charles I, byname Charles the Great, 747~814 A.D., king of the Franks between 768~814, king of the Lombards between 774~814, and first emperor between 800~814 of the Romans and of what was later called the Holy Roman Empire.), the monarch of the Frankish kingdom, ordered this plant to be widely planted throughout the country. Dill is often used to cook fish, bake bread, make soup, sauce, and pickled cucumbers.
Dill seed is mainly used as a seasoning for pickling cucumbers in central and Northern Europe, dating back to the 17th century. It is also used to make sausages, spices, cheese, and baked products.
Characters of herbs: Dill herb is the fresh or dried leaf and upper stem of Anethum graveolens. Dill seed is the dried fruit of Anethum graveolens. Mericarp is mostly separated into schizocarps, which are flat and oval, 3~4 mm long and 2~2.5 mm wide. The surface is brown, the lateral edges extend in a wing shape, and there is a ridge line in the center of the syngenetic surface. The fruit is slightly fragrant, pungent, and benumbing.
The dill seeds oil fights certain bacteria in tests, it is an effective antispasmodic for the intestinal upset, it has diuretic action and increased urination in test animals, the herb infusion lowers blood pressure in lab animals, etc.
Medicinal efficacy: The herb dill was traditionally used for sour stomach and cough, stomachache, colic, gas, appetite loss, and bloating. Today it is recommended for colicky stomach pain and uncomfortable gas in children, appetite stimulant, anti-spasmodic for countering spasm-related gastrointestinal upset, jangled nerves, insomnia, as a diuretic to treat kidney and urinary tract disorders, soothe hemorrhoid pain, and used by nursing mother to increase breast milk, the seed is used to dispel bad breath. In folk medicine, the dill herb is used for the prevention and treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, kidney and urinary tract, sleep disorders, and for spasms. Dill fruit is approved for dyspeptic complaints. In TCM works, the herb is recorded to warm the spleen and stimulate appetite, dissipate cold, and warm the liver, regulating Qi to alleviate pain, it is indicated for cold pain in the abdomen, distension and full in the abdomen, throwing up and poor appetite, cold hernia, etc.
Administration of Dill (Dilly):
Administration Guide of Dill (Dilly)
Herbal classic books and TCM Books:
Seeds and crushed fruits are used to make teas and other galenic preparations for internal application. An infusion is prepared with 2 teaspoons of bruised seeds per cup of water, weaker infusions are given to children under two years of age. Half to 1 teaspoon of seeds is chewed to freshen the breath. The average daily dosage of the seeds is 3 grams, the essential oil daily dose is 0.1~0.3 grams. In TCM works, the herb is recommended internally as water decoction, 1~5 grams, or prepare to pill, or powder.
Contraindications, Precautions and Adverse Reactions: The FDA considers dill safe for use as food. When used in typically recommended amounts, dill leaf, seed, and seed oil are not considered toxic in any way. Photodermatosis is possible after contact with the juice of the freshly harvested plant fruit. Dill oil should be avoided during pregnancy. In TCM works, the herb is recorded should not be used in conditions of deficiency of Qi and Yin, or with fire.